What is knee arthroscopy
Advantages of Knee Arthroscopy
- Less bleeding during surgery
- Reduced risk of complications
- Shorter Recovery Period
- Low risk of infection due to smaller incisions
- Less tissue damage
Conditions Treated by Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
- Anterior cruciate ligament injuries (ACL)
- Posterior cruciate ligaments (PCL)
- Torn Meniscus
- Cartilage Injuries and repair
- Swollen synovium
- Removal of bone or cartilage fragments
- Knee Ligament Injuries
Arthroscopic Knee Procedures
Why ACL repair is done?
- The ACL is completely or partially torn and the knee is highly unstable.
- You've completed a rehabilitation treatment, still the knee remains unstable.
- You are willing to go through a long and arduous rehabilitation programme.
- Have chronic ACL deficiency which affects the quality of life by making the knee weak.
- Other elements of the knee, such as the cartilage or meniscus, as well as other knee ligaments or tendons, have been affected.
Post ACL Reconstruction
- Few restricted activity
- Walking with crunches
- Wearing knee braces for at least one week
Symptoms of Torn Meniscus
- Swelling or stiffness
- Pain in the knee
- Difficulty while stretching your knee
- Sports injury
- Road Traffic Accidents
- Straining or pulling the ligament- Such as in a twisting or hyperextension injury
Causes of PCL Reconstruction
- Swelling (mild to severe)
- Knee pain
- Trouble walking or bearing weight on the knee
Non-surgical Treatment of PCL injury
Surgical Treatment of PCL injury
- Blood clots
- Nerve and blood vessel damage
- Loosening of the graft
- Limited range of motion
- Injuries to nerve
- Arteries of the leg
- Knee instability
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- Nerve damage
- Stiffness of the knee
- Failure of the grafts or the repairs
Risks or Complications of Knee Arthroscopy
- Blood Clots
- Knee Stiffness
- Tissue or nerve damage
- Small risk of infections
How is Arthroscopy Performed?
- A general anaesthetic will be injected into the patient.
- A small incision will be made and an arthroscope will be put through it.
- Different incisions may be necessary to see other portions of the joint or to implant other equipment.
- At the end of the arthroscope, light is transferred via fibre optics.
- A monitor receives information about the interior of the joint.
- If necessary, corrective surgery might be performed during the initial diagnostic procedure.
- The incisions can be covered with bandages or dressings.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Arthroscopy knee surgery may be appropriate for patients who have knee discomfort or reduced knee function due to injuries or accidents. A minimally invasive procedure can help most patients who have a knee injury or degeneration and haven't received the relief they need from nonoperative therapy.
Some of the common arthroscopy techniques are simple knee arthroscopic debridement, arthroscopic cartilage reconstruction, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, PCL, MCL, and meniscus repair.
- The doctor will advise you on how to prepare for the surgery.
- Need to stop taking certain medicines.
- Refrain from eating or drinking for 6 to 12 hours before the surgery.
When returning to your workout routine following knee surgery, it's important to be cautious. Check with your doctor to see whether it's safe to resume exercise.
It usually takes around 12 weeks to resume all of your routine activities.
The cost of arthroscopy knee surgery varies a lot based on the hospital and the city. You need to check the individual package from the hospitals.
Arthroscopy is a sort of keyhole surgery that is used to detect and treat joint disorders. Mostly it is used in knees, ankles, shoulders, elbows, wrists, and hips.
Patients may use crutches or a walker for a few days after the surgery. Most patients are able to walk with a small limp one or two weeks after the surgery. Within 4 to 6 weeks, the majority of the patients see an improvement.
Some of the complications of arthroscopy are:
- Artery damage
- Excessive bleeding
- Allergic reaction to the anaesthesia
- Nerve damage