MBBS, MS (Gen. Surg.)
FRCS (Glasg), FRCS (CTh )
Director and Chief Consultant
Experience: 20+ years
To view full profile Dr A R Krishna Prasad
Cardiovascular surgery is a type of surgery that includes the heart and the blood arteries that deliver blood to and from it. Patients who have had a heart attack, stroke, or blood clot frequently undergo these operations.
Cardiothoracic surgery is the medical speciality concerned with the surgical treatment of organs located within the thoracic cavity. It is compromised of cardiovascular surgery and pulmonary surgery. This is used to diagnose and treat heart and lung illnesses as well as traumatic injuries to the trachea and oesophagus.
A cardiothoracic surgeon is specialized in operating the heart, lungs and other thoracic organs. There are various types of surgery that cardiothoracic surgeons may perform:
Cardiologists are specialist in the cardiovascular disease who treats conditions like extreme hypertension, high cholesterol and issues related to heart rhythm. Cardiac surgeons are specialists in surgical procedures of heart, esophagus and other issues related to the chest.
Any sort of surgery in which the chest is cut open and surgery on the heart's muscles, valves, or arteries is performed is known as open-heart surgery. To perform a CABG, open-heart surgery may be required. People with coronary heart disease may require a coronary artery bypass graft.
The most common bypass grafts are internal thoracic arteries also called ITA grafts. They are the gold standard of treatment, and every patient undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass surgery should have these arteries.
Heart issues, swelling or infections at the surgical site, and respiratory or urinary infections are all possible complications after typical aneurysm surgery. More serious issues are uncommon, although they can include intestinal issues, kidney issues, or, even more rarely, paralysis.
Minimally invasive surgery is less invasive than standard surgery because it uses tiny surgical incisions. However, even with minimally invasive surgery, there is a risk of anaesthetic, bleeding, and infection issues.
Post-thoracotomy pain, or neuropathic pain following thoracic surgery, is prevalent and can be severe. Burning, shooting, shocking, pressure-like, and agonising sensations are all common symptoms associated with chronic pain.
Pediatric heart surgeons usually take extra precautions when treating children with congenital and acquired heart abnormalities. The surgeons have extensive experience treating complicated congenital cardiac abnormalities in babies, children, adolescents, and adults.