- What is Kidney Biopsy?
- Why Kidney Biopsy is Needed
- Kidney Biopsy Preparation
- Kidney Biopsy Procedure
- Recovery time Kidney Biopsy
- Risks of Kidney Biopsy
- Results of Kidney Biopsy
- Frequently Asked Questions
What is a Kidney Biopsy?
- Percutaneous or Needle biopsy: A needle is inserted into the skin above the kidney and guided to the correct location in the kidney using ultrasound.
- Open biopsy: A sample of the kidney is removed directly from the kidney.
- After that, the kidney sample is submitted to a pathology lab to be examined for symptoms of disease.
Why Kidney Biopsy is Needed
- Remove liquid waste from the blood
- Maintain a balance of chemicals
- Control blood pressure by producing the hormone renin
- Help active the hormone calcitriol
- Find the reason for an abnormal level of waste products in the blood
- If a kidney tumour is malignant or benign
- Determine how quickly kidney disease is progressing
- Determine the extent of damage from kidney disease
Preparation Before the Kidney Biopsy procedure
- The doctor will ask you to go for some physical exam like blood tests or other diagnostic tests.
- Talk to the doctor if the patient is sensitive to or allergic to any medicines, latex, tape and anesthesia.
- Inform the doctor if the patient is taking any medications and supplements
- Talk to the doctor if the patient has any bleeding disorders or are allergic to any kind of medications.
- Before the procedure, the patient may be given a sedative to relax.
- The healthcare team may require additional preparation based on the medical condition.
Kidney Biopsy Procedure
During the Procedure
- In the arm or hand, an intravenous (IV) line may be started.
- An antiseptic solution will be used to clean the skin around the biopsy site.
- When the local anaesthetic is injected, you will feel a needle stick. There may be a temporary stinging sensation as a result of this.
- The needle may be guided into the kidney using ultrasound or X-ray.
- While the healthcare provider puts the biopsy needle into the kidney, you will be urged to breathe in and hold your breath. This stops the diaphragm from moving about and interfering with the biopsy needle's positioning.
- After the needle is removed strong pressure will be applied to the biopsy site to stop bleeding.
- A sterile dressing or bandage will be applied.
- The kidney tissue sample will be sent to the lab for testing.
Recovery time After the Kidney Biopsy procedure
Risks of a Kidney Biopsy
- Bruising and soreness around the biopsy site
- Bleeding from the biopsy site, urine, or inside the body
- Organs or structures nearby are pierced
- Near the biopsy site, there is an infection
Results of Kidney Biopsy
Frequently Asked Questions:
Since numbing drugs are used, the process is usually painless. When the numbing drug is first injected, it may burn or hurt. For a few days after the surgery, the area may feel painful or sore. During the first 24 hours after the test, you may notice bright, red blood in your pee.
A kidney biopsy, also known as a renal biopsy, may be recommended by the doctor to diagnose a suspected kidney issue. It can also be used to determine the severity of a kidney ailment or to track the progress of kidney disease treatment.
The patient will be asked to lie down on the back for several hours after the test. After that, you should rest for about a week before engaging in severe activities. It's common to experience some discomfort in the biopsy area for 2 to 3 days.
The average kidney biopsy cost in India might range from INR 7,000 to INR 30,000, but this may vary with location and hospitals.
The kidney biopsy result can take up to 4 to 7 days. The result will require a complicated analysis, as soon as you receive the result consult with your doctor.