Endocarditis is an inflammation of the endocardium, of the inner layer of the heart or the heart valves. This condition typically occurs due to fungus, bacteria, or other germs passing through the bloodstream from different parts of your body, including the mouth, and attaching themselves to the heart. If it is not treated immediately, it might harm the heart valves and result in life-threatening problems.
Antibiotic medications can treat this condition, but sometimes surgery may be required. Your doctor might be unable to identify the exact cause of endocarditis as it is caused by many different health reasons. However, those with mechanical heart valves, damaged heart valves, repaired mitral valves, or other cardiac conditions are more likely to develop endocarditis. Endocarditis can damage the heart valves if it isn't treated immediately.