Fungal Infection Treatment at Medicover: Types, Symptoms & Causes

A fungal infection, often known as mycosis, is a skin ailment caused by fungi. Fungal infections may afflict anyone and develop in various parts of the body. Such infections can be caused by a variety of fungi.

Fungi that aren't normally present on or inside the body can start colonising and cause illnesses in some situations. Fungi that are often present on or within the body can also proliferate out of control and cause an infection in certain cases. Fungal diseases can spread from person to person. In rare circumstances, the disease-causing fungus can be acquired via diseased animals or contaminated soil or surfaces.


Types of Fungal Infections

Tinea is the medical term for fungal skin illness. Fungal infections are classified into several types:

  • Athlete’s foot
  • Nail fungus
  • Jock itch
  • Scalp ringworm
  • Ringworm

Symptoms of Fungal Infections

The symptoms of a fungal infection vary based on the area of the infection. For example:

  • Itching and foul discharge from the vagina are common symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection
  • Skin fungal infections can cause redness, itching, peeling, and swelling
  • Coughing, fever, chest discomfort, and muscular pains are all symptoms of a fungal infection in the lungs

When to see a doctor?

Those who have a fungal infection and a low immune system or issues such as diabetes, HIV/AIDS, or are undergoing chemotherapy, or are on steroids, must seek immediate medical attention.

Get the best treatment for Fungal Infection from our Dermatologists at Medicover Hospitals.


Causes

When the skin comes in contact with a dangerous fungus, the infection might result in the appearance of a rash. For instance, if someone borrowed a pair of shoes from someone who had an athlete's foot, the fungus may contact the foot and infect them as well. Rashes are frequently transmitted from human to human or from animals to humans through direct touch.


Risk Factors

If treated promptly and effectively, fungal infections are typically not life-threatening. Those who are at a higher risk of contracting a fungal infection are listed below:

  • People with weakened immune systems, such as children, elderly, and those suffering from AIDS, cancer, or diabetes
  • People who are predisposed to fungal infections
  • People who sweat a lot, since sweaty clothes and shoes might increase fungus development on the skin
  • People who come in contact with a person who has a fungal illness
  • People who frequently go to damp communal facilities, such as locker rooms and showers, since fungus require moisture to thrive and reproduce
  • Obese people with excessive skin folds

Complications

Fungal infections can have catastrophic consequences for people with weaker immune systems, such as those with AIDS or those using steroids or undergoing chemotherapy. These fungal infections are Superficial. This will not spread to the brain and heart.


Prevention

Maintaining good hygiene is essential for avoiding any type of fungal infection. Following tips may help you stay away from any such infections:

  • Keep your skin clean and dry, especially in the creases
  • Wash your hands frequently (particularly after contacting animals or other people)
  • Don't use other people's towels and personal care items
  • Clean up gym equipment before and after use

Diagnosis

Fungal infections can be diagnosed by using Skin Scrapings, Nail Clippings and Vaginal swabs, these are done to investigate superficial fungal skin and nail infections.


Treatment

These are the treatment options for fungal infection.

Athlete's Foot

It is treated with a topical antifungal ointment, and if the condition worsens, the doctor may prescribe further drugs.

Yeast Infection

Yeast infection treatment differs according to the severity of the disease. Treatment options include lotions, pills, and suppositories.

Jock Itch

The right treatment includes topical treatments and proper hygiene. Over-the-counter drugs are also available from doctors, and some may require a prescription.

Ringworm

It can be treated with doctor-prescribed lotions, ointments, and drugs.


Lifestyle Changes and Self Care

  • Shower frequently and properly
  • Tight clothing, such as jeans, leggings, and jeggings, should be avoided. Wear comfortable cotton clothes.
  • Don't share sheets, towels, or clothing.
  • Dust, wet mop, or vacuum the house, and clean with soap and detergent to minimise fungal spore load in the immediate area.
  • Remove any waistbands, wristbands, etc.
  • If possible, use non-occlusive (open-loose) footwear such as sandals.
  • Hair on the genitalia should be removed on a regular basis
  • Maintain a clean scalp and do not share combs, hairbrushes, caps, or helmets.
  • Surfaces that may be washed should be thoroughly cleaned with detergent soap and hot water.This should be done at least once a day for 4-6 weeks, or until the fungal infection is gone from all affected people.

Dos and Don’ts

Fungal infections can cause a lot of itching and sleepless nights. It can spread from person to person, but it can be prevented with proper knowledge and understanding. Though it can occur at any age or season, it is more frequent in summers and monsoon. It is commonly seen in skin folds with moisture, humidity, and sweating, such as below the breast, underarms, thighs, and other intimate parts. The secret to effective treatment is to start as soon as possible.Following these dos and don'ts can help in the management of this condition.

Do’s Don’ts
Keep hands clean Wear jeans and undergarments that are tight
Wash clothes in hot water every day, sun dry, and iron before wearing Use steroid creams without discussing with a doctor
Wear comfortable cotton clothes Share towels, napkins, or other clothes
Nails must be kept clean and well-trimmed Treat a fungal infection by oneself


Fungal Infection Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover, we have the best team of Dermatologists and skin specialists who work together to provide Fungal Infection treatment with utmost precision. Our highly skilled team utilises the latest medical equipment, diagnostic procedures and technologies to treat various types of dermatological conditions and ailments. For Fungal infections, our doctors work closely with patients to monitor their condition and treatment progress for faster and sustained recovery.

Citations

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3103258/
https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/features/fungal-infections.html
https://www.nm.org/conditions-and-care-areas/infectious-disease/fungal-infections/symptoms
https://www.bupa.co.uk/health-information/healthy-skin/fungal-skin-infections
https://patient.info/infections/fungal-infections

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Frequently Asked Questions

1.What is a fungal infection?

A fungal infection, also known as mycosis, is an illness caused by fungi. These microorganisms can affect various parts of the body, including the skin, nails, respiratory tract, and internal organs.

2.What are the common types of fungal infections in humans?

Common fungal infections include athlete's foot, ringworm, jock itch, nail fungus, thrush, and systemic fungal infections that can affect internal organs.

3.How do fungal infections spread from person to person?

Fungal infections can spread through direct contact with an infected person or contaminated surfaces, as well as through the sharing of personal items like towels, clothing, or combs.

4.What are the symptoms of a fungal infection?

Symptoms can vary depending on the type of fungal infection but often include itching, redness, rash, peeling skin, discomfort, and sometimes pain. Systemic fungal infections can cause more severe symptoms such as fever, cough, and fatigue.

5. Can fungal infections be serious or life-threatening?

Yes, some fungal infections, especially systemic ones, can be serious and life-threatening, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems.

6. How are fungal infections diagnosed?

Fungal infections are typically diagnosed through physical examination and laboratory tests. Skin scrapings, cultures, and blood tests may be used to identify the specific type of fungus causing the infection.

7. What is the treatment for fungal infections?

Antifungal drugs, either topical (applied to the skin) or systemic (given orally or intravenously), are frequently used in treatment. The nature and severity of the infection influence the treatment option.

8. Are over-the-counter antifungal creams effective for treating fungal infections?

Over-the-counter antifungal creams can be effective for some mild fungal infections like athlete's foot and ringworm. Thus, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional for persistent or severe infections.

9. Can fungal infections be prevented?

Yes, some preventive measures include keeping the skin clean and dry, avoiding sharing personal items, wearing breathable clothing, and maintaining good hygiene practices. In some cases, antifungal medications can be used prophylactically for individuals at high risk.

10. Who is most at risk for fungal infections?

People with weaker immune systems, such as with HIV/AIDS, cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, organ transplant recipients, and individuals with poorly controlled diabetes, are at higher risk for fungal infections. Also, those in close contact with infected individuals, like family members, may be at risk.

11. Can pets transmit fungal infections to humans?

Yes, some fungal infections, like ringworm, can be transmitted from pets to humans and vice versa. It's essential to maintain good pet hygiene and If you suspect your pet has a fungal infection, consult a veterinarian.

12. How long does it typically take to recover from a fungal infection?

Recovery time differs depending on the type and severity of the fungal infection and the effectiveness of the treatment. Mild skin infections may clear up in a few weeks, while systemic infections may require months of treatment.

13. Are there natural remedies for fungal infections?

Some natural remedies like tea tree oil, garlic, and yogurt with probiotics may help with fungal infections, especially mild cases. So, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.