Types of Discectomy
There are three ways a surgeon may choose to perform a discectomy:
Open or conventional discectomy
Open or conventional discectomy in which the surgeon makes a comparatively large incision to allow a clear view and also removes some muscles and ligaments.
Microdiscectomy is minimally invasive with a small incision. The surgeon does not remove any muscle or bone but instead inserts a tube with a small camera/instrument to remove the damaged part of the disc.in which the surgeon makes a comparatively large incision to allow a clear view and also removes some muscles and ligaments.
Laser discectomy is in wider use now. This procedure does not require an incision. Instead, the surgeon burns off the prolapsed tissue with a laser inserted through a needle.
Risks & Complications of Discectomy
A discectomy is generally a safe option for patients who do not get relief from non-surgical treatments. Risks may include:
- Side effects of anaesthesia such as headache, nausea, and confusion
- Bleeding and blood clots
- Damage to nerves or blood vessels
- Cerebrospinal fluid leak
- Failure of surgery to provide symptom relief.
- Herniated disc recurrence