Tendinitis is an inflammation of the sturdy fibers that connect a muscle to a bone through a tendon. Tendinopathy is a word commonly used to describe tendinitis. Injury, trauma, or joint overuse are the usual causes of tendinitis. Common sites for tendinitis are the elbows, heel, shoulder, and wrist.

Although tendinitis can affect everyone, it may be more common in older people, in people who don't exercise regularly, or in people who experience excessive joint rotations. Rest and medication are effective to treat tendinitis to lessen discomfort and inflammation. Muscle strength may increase with the help of physical therapy, which can accelerate recovery. But sometimes, surgery may occasionally be required to mend damaged tendons.


Types of Tendinitis are.

  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Supraspinatus tendinitis
  • Tennis or golfer's elbow
  • de Quervain’s stenosing tenosynovitis
  • Trigger finger or thumb
  • Tendinitis of the wrist


  • Tendinitis signs and symptoms often appear alongside the injured joint. Symptoms often get better with proper care and relaxation.
  • The tendinitis pain is usually around the affected area or joint. When you move the injured area, it gets worse. If someone touches the tender spot, the pain will be increased.
  • There can be stiffness that makes it challenging to move the inflamed part of the body. You may also have some bruising.
  • If you experience tendinitis symptoms, start by resting the affected area and using ice. See a doctor if your problem doesn't improve after a few days of rest.

When To See The Doctor?

Self-care is usually effective in tendinitis. Consult a medical professional if the symptoms don't subside after a few days or if they interfere with your normal activities.


One of the common leading causes of tendinitis is straining exercise habits. Common causes of tendonitis include-

  • A joint injury such as a sprain
  • Joint overuse
  • Aging

In rare instances, a severe underlying medical problem, such as:

Risk Factors

Tendinitis risk factors include:


As people age, the tendon structure stiffens, making them more prone to damage.


People with repetitive motion-intensive professions are more susceptible to tendonitis.


Repetitive motions are used in tennis, golf, and jogging, which can cause tendinitis.

Some health conditions

Tendinitis is more common in those with rheumatoid arthritis, renal problems, and gout.
A person should consult a doctor if the pain suddenly increases or it becomes difficult to move a joint.


Complications of tendinitis involve:

Chronic pain

The quality of life might be impacted, and everyday tasks can become difficult if there is chronic discomfort in the affected area.

Loss of mobility

Pain and inflammation can limit motion, making it challenging to do some tasks.


Weakness : Tendinitis may result in muscle weakening in the afflicted region, making daily tasks more challenging.


Stiffness : The affected region may become tight and difficult to move due to tissue damage and inflammation.


Tendinitis can cause deformity and long-lasting alterations in the afflicted region in extreme cases.

Tissue damage

Long-lasting tendinitis can damage the affected tendon permanently, making it more challenging to treat and recover from.


If the underlying cause is not treated, tendinitis may recur, resulting in a cycle of tissue damage, discomfort, and inflammation.

Reduced range of motion

Pain and inflammation can limit motion in the afflicted region, making it challenging to do some tasks.

Inability to perform tasks

Tendinitis can affect a person's ability to perform tasks at work and in their personal life.

Delayed healing

Prolonged tendinitis can delay healing and make it more challenging to recover from the condition.


Following these guidelines may lower the chance of developing tendinitis:

Ease up

Avoid long-term or strenuous activities that put too much strain on your tendons. If you get discomfort when exercising, stop and take a break.

Mix it up

If any activity causes pain, try something else. Cross-training can help you mix high-impact exercises, such as running, with lower-impact exercises, like biking or swimming.


After working out, extend the range of motion in your joints. When your muscles are warmed up from activity, this is the ideal moment to stretch.

Move right in the workplace

Make sure the keyboard, chair, and workspace are adjusted correctly for your height, arm length, and the jobs you perform. This will lessen the tension on your tendons and joints.


Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons that attach muscles to bones. An assessment of the physical condition and a study of the patient's medical history is often used to diagnose tendinitis. The doctor will inquire about any further symptoms, edema, and the location and intensity of the discomfort.

The damaged tendon is examined for soreness and edema during a physical examination. To determine whether the tendon is painful, the doctor may also move the joint and exert pressure on it.

To eliminate other conditions and confirm the diagnosis of tendinitis, imaging procedures such as an X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound may be performed.

A sample of the affected tendon tissue can be taken and examined under a microscope to provide a conclusive diagnosis of tendinitis.

If you experience persistent pain or discomfort in a tendon, it's important to consult a doctor since untreated tendonitis increases the chance of tendon ruptures and can cause more damage.


Tendinitis can get better on its own over time. Otherwise, the doctor will suggest treatments to maintain mobility by reducing discomfort and inflammation. Specialized care from a rheumatologist, orthopedic surgeon, or physical therapist may be necessary for severe symptoms. Most tendinitis issues don't lead to lasting joint damage or disability when properly treated. Options for treatment include:

RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation)

Because muscle overuse is a common cause of soft tissue conditions, rest, cold therapy, a tight bandage, and elevation may be used as the initial treatment.

Physical or occupational therapy

Physical therapists can use hot or cold treatments, ultrasound (sound wave), laser, and water therapy, as well as soft tissue or joint mobilization, orthotics or pressure-relieving devices, a customized exercise program, analysis of posture, and walking, and education regarding appropriate activities. To avoid re-injury and make daily tasks simpler, an occupational therapist might suggest assistive equipment, adjustments for everyday tasks, and work habits.

Splints, braces, or slings

These treatments allow the painful area to relax until the pain subsides and tennis elbow support

vOver-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medicines

These medications include pain relievers, like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen, which are offered as tablets, gels, creams, patches, or lotions along with Vitamin C. Analgesics or NSAIDs may be administered in a stronger tablet form, depending on the severity of the symptoms.


This may be an option if the tendon ruptures, the lower calf Achilles tendon rips, or there are lesions on the tendons.

Dos and Don’ts

Following the given do's, and don'ts can help you manage the condition.

Warm up before physical activity Participate in activities that consistently cause pain
Gradually increase the intensity and duration of exercise Overuse the affected limb
Use proper form and technique for physical activity Use heat on the affected area without first consulting a doctor
Take breaks and switch to low-impact activities if experiencing painNeglect proper form, and technique
Seek professional medical treatment if needed Engage in activities that involve repetitive motions that could worsen the condition.

Care At Medicover

Medicover hospital has the best orthopedic doctor, pain management therapists, and physiotherapists to deliver the most precise Tendinitis treatment and therapies. Our highly qualified staff uses cutting-edge medical equipment, diagnostic techniques, treatments, and technologies that bring good patient results to treat many forms of autoimmune illnesses and disorders. For Tendinitis, we use a multidisciplinary approach to give patients an all-around healing experience and address their medical requirements at once, resulting in a faster and more sustainable recovery.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Tendinitis?

Tendinitis, also known as tendonitis, is a medical condition characterized by the inflammation or irritation of a tendon, the thick cord that attaches muscles to bones. It can cause pain, swelling, and discomfort in the affected area.

2. What Causes Tendinitis?

Tendinitis can be caused by repetitive movements, overuse of a particular muscle or joint, sudden injuries, aging, or underlying medical conditions such as arthritis.

3. What are the Common Symptoms of Tendinitis?

Common symptoms include pain, tenderness, and swelling near the affected tendon. There may be limited joint motion and discomfort during movement.

4. How is Tendinitis Diagnosed?

Tendinitis is typically diagnosed through a physical examination by a healthcare provider. Imaging tests like X-rays or ultrasound may be used to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions.

5. Are There Different Types of Te

Yes, there are various types of tendinitis based on the affected tendon and its location. Common examples include Achilles tendinitis, tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis), and rotator cuff tendinitis.

6. How is Tendinitis Treated?

Treatment often includes rest, ice, and elevation of the affected area. Pain relievers, physical therapy, and in some cases, corticosteroid injections or surgery, may be recommended.

7. Can Tendinitis be Prevented?

Tendinitis risk can be reduced by practicing good ergonomics, using proper equipment and techniques during physical activities, maintaining muscle strength and flexibility, and avoiding overuse of specific tendons.

8. Who is at Risk of Developing Tendinitis?

Individuals who engage in repetitive activities or sports that involve frequent and forceful use of specific tendons are at higher risk. Age, gender, and underlying health conditions can also play a role.

9. Can Tendinitis Lead to More Severe Health Issues?

If left untreated or if the underlying cause persists, tendinitis can lead to more severe issues such as tendon tears, chronic pain, or loss of mobility in the affected joint.

10. Is Tendinitis a Lifelong Condition?

Tendinitis is often a temporary condition that can improve with appropriate treatment and lifestyle modifications. However, it can become chronic in some cases, requiring ongoing management.

11. Can Tendinitis be a Symptom of Another Health Issue?

Tendinitis can sometimes be a symptom of underlying health conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes. Addressing the underlying condition is crucial for effective management.

12. How Can Tendinitis Impact Daily Life?

Tendinitis can limit mobility and cause pain, affecting daily activities and quality of life. Proper treatment and rehabilitation can help individuals regain function and reduce the impact on daily life.