Pleurisy, also known as Pleuritis, is inflammation of the pleura, which is a sheet-like layer that covers the lungs. The pleura inflammation leads to pain, which worsens with deep breathing and coughing

The pleura is a thin membrane that borders the chest cavity and the outside of the lungs. Inflammation of these two tissue layers is known as pleurisy. Between the chest lining and the membrane that lines the lungs is a narrow region known as the pleural space.

During breathing, the pleura's layers slide easily next to one another because of the lubrication of fluids. When the membranes swell up, they uncomfortably brush against one another. Breathlessness and piercing chest pain are two symptoms of pleurisy.



Signs and symptoms of pleurisy includes:

Dry gangrene:

  • Sharp and stabbing pain in the chest area, often in the lower part.
  • Deep inhalation, sneezing, or coughing causes the two layers of the pleura to rub against one another, which makes the pain greater. It can be somewhat eased when the patient sleeps on the afflicted side
  • The presence of additional symptoms depends on the underlying disease. These include fever andchills when an infection is present. A persistent cough during lung infection, rashes, and joint discomfort occur when connective tissue disorders are present.

When To See a Doctor?

Dry gangrene:

  • Consult the doctor immediately if you experience symptoms like:
  • Swelling in your arms or legs
  • Coughing up thick phlegm or blood
  • A high temperature (fever)
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent cough
  • Serious breathing difficulties
  • Intense chest pain that comes on suddenly


Pleurisy is frequently seen as a symptom rather than a disease. Sometimes it is impossible to know the precise cause of pleurisy. The following conditions are frequently linked to pleurisy :

Dry gangrene:

  • Thoracic endometriosis
  • Trauma to the chest
  • Pneumothorax
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Pneumonia
  • Aortic dissection
  • Acute pericarditis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Familial Mediterranean fever
  • Lupus
  • Cancerous tumours such as mesothelioma, pleural lymphoma, angiosarcoma of the pleura, pleuropulmonary blastoma, and synovial sarcoma

Risk Factors

Pleurisy risk factors include:

Dry gangrene:


Pleurisy complications can be very dangerous. They consist of:

Pleural effusion:

Pleural effusion:This disorder occurs when an excessive amount of fluid accumulates between the two layers of the pleura, placing pressure on the lungs and making breathing difficult. Atelectasis can also occur, which is the collapse of a portion of the lungs.


In this condition, the pleural space fills with pus. It is mostly caused by a bacterial infection, which might make breathing more difficult because of pressure build-up, and this infection may spread to other organs.


Sepsis: It is the body's overwhelming and extreme response to an infection. It is a serious medical emergency

Septic shock:

Sepsis is life-threatening when it causes a decrease in blood pressure.


It is possible to prevent pleurisy if the underlying health issue is immediately identified and treated. For instance, prompt detection and treatment of an infection may either avoid the accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity or result in the least amount of inflammation.

It might be challenging to detect pleurisy because chest discomfort is the most prevalent symptom. Having sufficient sleep and eating healthy food can also help stop conditions like pleurisy from arising due to an illness.


The doctor will perform a thorough medical history check, physical examination, and numerous diagnostic procedures, such as pleural fluid analysis, to determine if a patient has pleurisy or another pleural illness.

Blood test:

Blood test: A blood test looks for signs of infection or autoimmune disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Computerised tomography (CT):

Computerised tomography (CT): This looks for different pleuritic causes. A blood clot in the lung can be seen via a chest CT. Pneumo-embolism is the medical term for this ailment. It is possible to detect hemothorax that can be brought about by lung cancer, a chest injury, or a chest operation.

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG):

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) may be advised to rule out certain cardiac conditions as the cause of chest discomfort.


It involves removing and examining a small sample of pleural fluid for testing.


It is a diagnostic procedure to directly examine the airways inside the lungs using a thin, lighted tube (bronchoscope).

ABG tests:

It shows how well the lungs are absorbing oxygen.


The goal of pleurisy treatment is to cure the underlying issue. The doctor may recommend the following medicines to treat pleurisy:


If a bacterial infection is the cause of pleurisy, antibiotics are used to eradicate the germs and treat pleurisy.


If the lungs and pleura are infected with fungus.


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, or NSAIDs, can be used to alleviate pain. Examples include acetaminophen (paracetamol) and ibuprofen.


These are medicines that treat cough. The doctor can prescribe codeine-containing cough syrups.


These are drugs that dissolve blood vessel clots. Anticoagulants may be used if the pleurisy is due to a blood clot (as in pulmonary embolism).


Diuretics are recommended to treat pleural effusion and improve breathing.


These medications are used to treat asthma and are often administered via inhalers. To expand the airways and improve breathing.

Do’s and Don’ts

The lining of the lungs is impacted by the condition known as pleurisy (also known as pleuritis). This lining often lubricates the surfaces of the lungs and chest wall. Pleurisy is most commonly described as searing discomfort during breathing.

Individuals can manage their symptoms and prevent the unpleasant effects of the condition by following the dos and don'ts given below.

Do’s Don’ts
Eat a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins. Consume alcohol and smoke.
Stay away from pollution and dust Be obese in weight
Manage the stress Eat foods containing excessive salt
Practice breathing exercises. Take medicines on your own
Regular exercise to maintain the ideal body weight Eat processed fatty foods

The duration of pleurisy depends on its underlying cause, when it was discovered, and how it was treated. If left untreated, it can result in serious complications.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle by controlling the symptoms of pleurisy. For better health monitoring, seek treatment as soon as possible and keep in touch with the doctor.

Pleurisy Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover hospitals, we have the best pulmonologist who offer the most holistic treatment for pulmonology diseases. Our specialists use the most cutting-edge diagnostic techniques and technology to accurately diagnose and promptly begin treatment for various lung diseases and illnesses. Our experts closely collaborate with the patients to monitor their health and recovery process to achieve satisfactory outcomes.


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