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Paracetamol

Paracetamol

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By Medicover Hospitals / 17 Dec 2020
Home | Medicine | Paracetamol

What is Paracetamol?

Paracetamol is a painkiller and works as a fever reducer. The paracetamol tablets are used for treating headaches, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, body ache and fevers. This helps in relieving pain in mild arthritis but it has no effect on inflammation and swelling of the joint. Paracetamol tablets can be taken with the combination of other painkillers and anti-sickness medicines.

  1. Paracetamol Uses
  2. Paracetamol Side effects
  3. Precautions
  4. Paracetamol Warnings
  5. Frequently Asked Questions
  6. Citations

Paracetamol Uses:

Paracetamol is used for the following treating the following diseases:

  • Headaches
  • Menstrual period
  • Toothaches
  • Backaches
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Cold
  • Fever

Paracetamol Side Effects:

Some common side effects of paracetamol are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Tenderness in the upper abdomen
  • Diarrhea
  • Increased sweating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Stomach cramps

Some of the major side effects of paracetamol are:

  • Dark urine
  • High fever
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Red spots in the skin
  • skin rash
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Sore throat
  • Ulcers
  • Breathlessness
  • Yellow eyes
  • Pale skin

If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to paracetamol if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.

A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious paracetamol side effects.

Precautions:

Inform your doctor if you have these problems:

  • Liver Disease
  • Kidney Disease
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Heartbeat disorder
  • Low levels of potassium in the blood

How to get rid of the side effects?

  • Diarrhea or Vomiting -Try drinking enough amount of water to avoid dehydration. Drink a small sip of warm water if you’re sick. Avoid using any other types of medicine for the treatment of diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Dizziness or Tired - While standing if you feel dizziness try getting up slowly and sit down slowly you can feel better. Still, if you feel dizziness then try lying down. Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol
  • How to take Paracetamol?

    Take paracetamol as directed by your physician.

    If you take an overdose of paracetamol then it can cause some serious harm to your body. The maximum dosage for adults is 1000 mg per dose and 4000 mg per day.

    Paracetamol should be taken with foods. For adults take one or two 500 mg tablets 4 times a day in 24 hours.

    Missed dose:

    Missing one or two-dose of paracetamol won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.

    Overdose:

    Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed paracetamol tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.

    Paracetamol Warnings:

    • Allergic reaction
    • Trouble breathing
    • Hives
    • Swelling of throat or tongue
    • Some severe skin reactions

    Don’t take this drug if you had any allergies, it may cause you some serious medical conditions

    Warnings for serious health conditions:

    Pregnant women:

    Paracetamol is not evaluated for pregnant women. If a woman is using the drug during her pregnancy there is no such high risk of pregnancy loss, birth defects or any other problems. But to be on safe side consult your Doctor before taking the medicine.

    Breastfeeding:

    Paracetamol passes into breast milk. It can cause some side effects to child’s who are breastfed. These can include diarrhea, vomiting and rash. Before taking Azithromycin while breastfeeding consult your doctor.

    Paracetamol Storage:

    Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.

    Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).

    Before taking paracetamol consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking paracetamol rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take paracetamol.

    Paracetamol vs Ibuprofen:

    Paracetamol Ibuprofen
    - Paracetamol is a painkiller and works as a fever reducer. The paracetamol tablets are used for treating headaches, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, body ache and fevers. -Ibuprofen is used for treating fever. It helps in reducing inflammation.
    Paracetamol is used for the following treating the following diseases:
    • -Headaches
    • -Menstrual period
    • -Toothaches
    • -Backaches
    • -Osteoarthritis
    • -Cold
    • -Fever
    Side effects of Ibuprofen are:
    • -Nausea
    • -Abdominal Pain
    • -Headache
    • -Blood Pressure
    • -Gastritis

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Paracetamol is a painkiller and works as a fever reducer. The paracetamol tablets are used for treating headaches, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, body ache and fevers. This helps in relieving pain in mild arthritis but it has no effect on inflammation and swelling of the joint.
    If paracetamol doesn't work, there are other types of pain relievers you can try, including:
    • ibuprofen
    • codeine
    • aspirin
    Ibuprofen and ibuprofen-like pain relievers are sometimes available as creams or gels that are rubbed onto the painful part of your body. Some pain relievers are only available by prescription. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about other treatment options that might be more suitable for you, such as exercise or physical therapy.

    Acetaminophen or paracetamol is an effective treatment for mild-to-moderate pain and fever in adults and children when used as directed in the product information. The maximum dose should not be exceeded in 24 hours. However, if you find that you need to use acetaminophen regularly, it is worth consulting your GP to see the cause and treatments. It is safe to take acetaminophen regularly for many years, as long as you do not take more than the recommended dose.
    The medicine you need to treat your pain depends on the pain you have. Paracetamol and ibuprofen work in different ways. So acetaminophen is better than ibuprofen for some types of pain. Paracetamol is usually best for most types of pain, including headaches and stomachaches. Ibuprofen may be better for menstrual or toothaches. Some people find ibuprofen better than acetaminophen for back pain.
    Drinking a small amount of alcohol while taking acetaminophen is usually safe. Try to follow the recommended guidelines of only 14 units of alcohol per week. A standard wine glass (175 ml) is 2 units. A pint of lager or lager is 2 to 3 units of alcohol. It may not be safe for you to drink alcohol with acetaminophen if you have certain health conditions, such as liver problems. Check the package insert in your medicine package to find out if it is safe to drink alcohol when taking acetaminophen.
    You can eat and drink normally and take paracetamol at the same time.

    Citations:

  • Paracetamol, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0731708506003311
  • Paracetamol Overdosage, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-198325030-00002
  • Paracetamol: past, present, and future., https://europepmc.org/article/med/11319582