What is Pulmonary Valve Surgery?
Purpose of Pulmonary Valve Surgery
Pulmonary Valve Regurgitation
Pulmonary valve stenosis
Risks of Pulmonary Valve Surgery
- Blood clots
- Valve dysfunction in replacement valves
- Heart rhythm problems
- Heart attack
Pulmonary Valve Surgery Procedures
Before the procedure
During the Procedure
Pulmonary Valve Surgery
Pulmonary Valve Replacement
Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement
After the Procedure
- The patient will normally spend a day or more in the intensive care unit (ICU) after open-heart pulmonary valve repair or pulmonary valve replacement.
- Intravenous (IV) lines will be used to deliver fluids, nutrients, and medications.
- After staying in ICU for a few days the patient will then be moved to a separate room. The patient would be asked to stay for further observation
Treatment during the hospital stay:
- Watch the signs of infections in the incision sites.
- Periodically check your blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate.
- Identify if there is any pain after the surgery.
- Will provide you instruction to walk regularly for increasing the physical activity and ask you to do some breathing exercises for a speedy recovery.
Frequently Asked Questions:
A man-made valve has a 30-year lifetime. Blood-thinner drugs can be recommended by the doctor to avoid blood clots that may occur as a result of a mechanical valve.
Most people take between 4 and 8 weeks to recover from valve surgery. The patient would be able to heal much quicker if you had minimally invasive surgery. They’ll be given clear instructions for exercise, drugs, wound treatment, and resuming regular activities before you leave the hospital
Blood does not flow efficiently to the lungs to acquire enough oxygen when the pulmonary valve is missing or not functioning properly. In the majority of cases, a hole exists between the left and right ventricles of the heart (ventricular septal defect).
Valve replacement is generally safe. However, problems can arise with any surgery or procedure. Bleeding during or after therapy, as well as damage to the blood vessels, are all possible side effects of treatment.
Patients who had their aortic valve replaced surgically have a shorter life expectancy than the general population, with the decline in life expectancy being particularly apparent in the young.
The right ventricle (the chamber of the heart that pumps blood into the lungs) cannot get blood into the lungs if the main pulmonary artery is fully blocked. The affected person's age and health are other important considerations.
Adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot have a low death rate after pulmonary valve replacement. The most prevalent early postoperative consequences are Arrhythmias, pulmonary and renal problems.
The issues caused by one or more damaged heart valves are treated through valve repair or replacement surgery. You may experience the following symptoms if your heart valves become inflamed or infected: dizziness or pain in the chest.