Valve Replacement Without Surgery

non-surgical-valve-replacement

As technology advances, valve replacement without surgery is becoming a more feasible option for patients suffering from heart valve disease. Let’s understand about valve replacement and valve replacement without surgery!

Valve replacement is a medical procedure in which a damaged or diseased heart valve is removed and replaced with an artificial or biological valve. Heart valves regulate blood flow through the heart, ensuring oxygen-rich blood gets to the body, and oxygen-depleted blood is pumped to the lungs to maintain circulation.


Why is valve replacement necessary?

If left untreated, heart valve disease can lead to major problems such as heart failure, stroke, and blood clots. Valve replacement surgery is required when heart valve disease is severe enough to cause symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, exhaustion, and fainting and when alternative treatments, such as medications or lifestyle changes, are no longer effective in managing symptoms.

Valve replacement can improve heart blood flow, relieve symptoms, and lower the risk of problems associated with heart valve disease. In some cases, minimally invasive treatments such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) can replace valves without requiring traditional surgery. Let’s understand valve replacement without surgery!


What is non surgical valve replacement?

The use of minimally invasive procedures to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve without the necessity for traditional open-heart surgery is referred to as "valve replacement without surgery or non surgical valve replacement” Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair (TMVR) and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) are common minimally invasive valve replacement treatments.

  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is a procedure to replace a damaged aortic valve. During TAVR, a new valve is inserted through a catheter and guided to the heart, which is expanded and positioned over the existing valve.
  • TMVR involves threading a catheter into a vein in the groin or chest and guiding it to the heart, where a clip or other device is used to repair the mitral valve. TMVR treats individuals suffering from mitral valve regurgitation, a condition where the valve fails to close properly, allowing blood to flow back to the heart.

Non surgical valve replacement is less invasive than traditional open-heart surgery, with a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time. However, not all individuals with cardiac valve disease are candidates for non-surgical valve replacement. The decision to seek this type of treatment should be discussed beforehand with a healthcare expert who can evaluate the patient's needs and recommend the most appropriate treatment.


Benefits of valve replacement without traditional surgery

Here are some benefits of valve replacement without surgery over traditional surgery:

Less invasive

Valve replacement without surgery employs minimally invasive methods, less invasive than traditional open-heart surgery. This means smaller incisions, less blood loss, leading to quicker recovery time and fewer complications.

Shorter hospital stay

Individuals who have their valves replaced without surgery usually have a shorter hospital stay than those who have traditional open-heart surgery. Patients may be able to go home on the same day as the procedure.

Lower risk of complications

Compared to standard open-heart surgery, minimally invasive procedures for valve replacement without surgery have been identified as having a reduced risk of complications. TAVR, for example, has been linked to lower stroke risks, bleeding, and kidney damage compared to open-heart surgery.

Less pain and scarring

Individuals may suffer less pain and scarring after minimally invasive procedures because these employ smaller incisions than traditional surgery.

Faster recovery

Because minimally invasive procedures are less invasive than traditional open-heart surgery, patients may be able to resume their normal activities faster after the procedure.


Risks and complications of valve replacement without surgery

While these procedures are generally regarded as safe, there are a few risks and potential complications to be aware of, which include:


The risks and benefits of this procedure should be discussed with the healthcare provider, as each case is different, in order to decide if it's the best option for you.


Preparation for valve replacement without surgery and what to expect during the procedure!

Preparing for valve replacement without surgery involves several steps, including:

Medical evaluation

To determine if you are fit for the surgery, you will have to undergo a thorough medical evaluation. A physical examination, imaging tests, blood tests, and possibly additional tests such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) or echocardiogram will be advised.

Fasting

Individuals must fast for a specified period of time before the surgery, usually 6-8 hours.

Anesthesia

Depending on the procedure and your specific needs, you will be given a general anesthesia or conscious sedation during the treatment.


Although recovery after valve replacement without surgery is often faster and less invasive than standard surgery, careful monitoring and follow-up care are still needed to achieve the best possible outcome. To ensure a complete recovery, follow your healthcare provider's instructions and attend all follow-up appointments.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the recovery time to do everyday activities after non surgical valve replacement?

Even though nonsurgical valve replacement is minimally invasive, complete recovery will take 4 to 6 weeks.

2. How long can a replaced valve last?

Usually, a replaced valve can last for twenty years and more if the receiver has no signs of infection.

3. Can your body show signs of a rejection reaction after valve replacement?

Usually, all artificial valves used for valve replacement procedures are biocompatible and don’t trigger rejection reactions.