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Vistaril

Vistaril
By Medicover Hospitals / 09 Mar 2021
Home | Medicine | Vistaril

What is Vistaril

  • Vistaril is a prescription sedative that is used to treat anxiety, swelling, and hives on the scalp, as well as for preoperative sedation. Vistaril may be used alone or in combination with other drugs.
    1. Vistaril Uses
    2. Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Dosage
    5. Storage
    6. Vistaril vs Diazepam
    7. Frequently Asked Questions
    8. Citations

    Vistaril Uses:

  • This is a medication that is used to relieve itching caused by allergies. It's an antihistamine that works by preventing the body from producing a natural product called histamine during an allergic reaction. Hydroxyzine may also be used for short-term overcoming anxiety or to make you tired or comfortable before and after surgery.
  • Vistaril Uses:

  • Take this drug by mouth three or four times daily, with or without food, as instructed by your doctor.
  • The dosage is completely determined by your age, your medical condition, and treatment response. The dosage for children can also be determined by their weight. Do not take this drug in larger amounts or more often than prescribed. If your condition does not change or worsens, contact your doctor.
  • Vistaril Side Effects:

    • Chest pain
    • Discomfort
    • Cough
    • Difficulty with swallowing
    • Dizziness
    • Fainting
    • Fast heartbeat
    • Hives,itching or skin rash
    • Irregular or slow heart rate
    • Puffiness or swelling of the eyelids
    • Shortness of breath
    • Tightness in the chest
    • Unusual tiredness
    • Weakness
    • Decreased responsiveness
    • Drowsiness
    • Nausea
    • Seizures
    • Severe sleepiness
    • Vomiting
    • Trembling or shaking
    • Dry mouth
    • Headache
  • Adderall can cause some serious side effects and can lead to some serious health problems. If you are facing any of the above serious side effects. Talk with your doctor if you are having any serious problems.
  • Precautions:

  • Before taking Adderall talk with your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients which can cause some serious allergic reactions and some serious problems Before using Adderall talk with your doctor if you are having any other medical history such as Kidney disease Liver disease Stomach ulcer and abdominal pain
  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any of the following medical conditions: respiratory difficulties (such as emphysema, asthma), high eye pressure (glaucoma), high blood pressure, kidney problems, liver problems, epilepsy, stomach/intestine problems (such as ulcer, blockage), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), trouble urinating (for example, due to enlarged prostate), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
  • Hydroxyzine has been linked to a heart rhythm disorder (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can cause serious (rarely fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (including extreme dizziness and fainting) that require immediate medical attention.
  • If you have any health conditions or are taking any other medications that might induce QT prolongation, the risk of QT prolongation may be increased. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any of your medications and whether you have any of the following conditions before taking hydroxyzine: certain cardiac problems (heart failure, irregular heartbeat, EKG QT prolongation), family history of certain heart problems (QT prolongation, sudden carotid artery occlusion)
  • QT prolongation can also be exacerbated by low potassium or magnesium levels in the blood. If you use certain medications (such as diuretics/"water pills") or have conditions like excessive sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting, the risk can increase. Consult your doctor on the proper use of hydroxyzine.
  • This medication can cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. You can get dizzy or sleepy if you consume alcohol or marijuana (cannabis). Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform any other activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can do so safely. Alcoholic drinks should be avoided.
  • Children may be more vulnerable to the drug's side effects. Instead of drowsiness, this medication also causes excitement in young children.
  • The drug's side effects, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, difficulty urinating, and QT prolongation, may be more severe in older adults (see above). Drowsiness and uncertainty will make you more vulnerable to dropping.
  • This drug should only be taken during pregnancy if it is urgently needed or required. Consult your doctor about the risks and benefits.
  • It is unclear whether or not this medication moves into breast milk. Before breastfeeding, talk to your doctor.
  • Interactions

  • Drug interactions can cause your drugs to function differently or put you at risk for severe side effects. This list does not include all potential drug interactions. Without your doctor's permission, do not begin, stop, or alter the dosage of any medications.
  • Tell the doctor or pharmacist if you're taking some other drowsy medications, such as opioid pain relievers (such as codeine, hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), sleep or anxiety medications (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol), or muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol).
  • All of your medications (such as allergy or cough-and-cold remedies) should be checked for ingredients that cause drowsiness.
  • Other antihistamines applied to the skin (such as diphenhydramine cream, ointment, or spray) should not be used together because increased side effects can occur. Cetirizine and levocetirizine are very similar to hydroxyzine. When taking hydroxyzine, avoid taking these drugs.
  • This medication can cause false test results in certain laboratory tests (such as allergy skin testing and urine corticosteroids levels). Ensure that both laboratory staff and your physicians are aware of your situation.
  • Overdose

  • If you or someone has taken too much of this medicine and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, seek emergency medical help or call a poison control center right away. Symptoms of overdose may include severe drowsiness, fainting, seizures, fast heartbeat.
  • Missed Dose:

  • If you forgot to take any dose, take it as soon as you recall it. But if it is near the time of the next dose, skip the forgotten dose. Take your next dosage at regular intervals of time. Do not double the dose.
  • Note:

  • Do not share this medication with anyone else even if they have the same symptoms.Lab and medical tests such as blood pressure, liver function should be done while you are taking this medication. Consult your doctor for more details and information.
  • Storage:

  • Store at room temperature far away from direct sunlight, heat, and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom as well. Keep all medications away from small kids.
  • Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it gets expired or no longer in use. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
  • Vistaril vs Diazepam

    Vistaril
    Diazepam
    Molar mass: 374.904 g/mol Molar mass: 284.7 g/mol
    Formula- C21H27ClN2O2 Formula - C16H13ClN2O
    sold under the brand names Atarax Diazepam, first marketed as Valium
    is an antihistamine medication Diazepam is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that acts as anxiolytic
    Vistaril is a prescription sedative that is used to treat anxiety, swelling, and hives on the scalp, as well as for preoperative sedation. It's widely used to treat anxiety, seizures, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, muscle spasms, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome, among other things.

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Vistaril (hydroxyzine pamoate) is an antihistamine that also has anticholinergic (drying) and sedative effects. It's used to relieve anxiety and stress. Vistaril is also used in conjunction with other anesthetic drugs.
    Hydroxyzine is a medication that is used to relieve itching caused by allergies. It's an antihistamine that works by preventing the body from producing a natural product called histamine during an allergic reaction. Hydroxyzine may also be used for short-term overcoming anxiety or to make you tired or comfortable before and after surgery.
    While both Vistaril and Xanax are used to relieve anxiety symptoms in the short term, they are not the same drug. Vistaril is an antihistamine, while Xanax is a benzodiazepine that is classified as a controlled drug.
    Hydroxyzine works as an antihistamine, which means it prevents the effects of histamine in your body, making you sleepy. (Imagine how you'd feel if you took Benadryl or Nyquil.) Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that influences your mood. Because of its unusual impact on serotonin, hydroxyzine is the only antihistamine used to treat anxiety.
    Vistaril is also used as a sedative to relieve anxiety and tension, as well as to prevent nausea and vomiting. Vistaril is also used in conjunction with other anesthetic drugs. Benadryl is available over-the-counter (OTC) and in generic form, whereas Vistaril needs a prescription.
    Vistaril does not have a specific dosage. Vistaril 25 mg, 3 or 4 times daily is the prescribed dosage for treating itch (pruritus). The prescribed dosage for sedation is 50 to 100 mg. To treat anxiety and stress, take 50 to 100 mg four times a day.
    Do not drive or operate machines until you know how this drug affects you. You can feel exhausted or dizzy when taking it. Hydroxyzine is not a controlled drug in the United States. It does not have the same chance of abuse as certain other anxiety drugs (for example, AtivanĀ® (lorazepam)).
    Side effects are as follows
    • Chest pain
    • Discomfort
    • Cough
    • Difficulty with swallowing
    • Dizziness
    • Fainting
    • Fast heartbeat
    • Hives, itching, or skin rash
    If you are allergic to hydroxyzine, Zyrtec (cetirizine), or Xyzal, you should not take Vistaril (levocetirizine). It is not advised if you are pregnant or breastfeeding because it is unknown if the drug passes into breast milk and could harm or cause birth defects in your infant.
    In both adults and children, the Tmax of hydroxyzine is around 2.0 hours, and the removal half-life is around 20.0 hours in adults (mean age 29.3 years) and 7.1 hours in children.

    Citations:

  • Vistaril, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC293176/pdf/jcinvest00329-0003.pdf
  • Vistaril in Allergy, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00325481.1960.11713120