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Anxiety

anxiety
By Medicover Hospitals / 25 Jan 2021
Home | symptoms | anxiety
  • Anxiety is a normal emotion. It's the way your brain reacts to stress and alerts you to potential danger ahead. However, people with anxiety problems frequently have intense, excessive, and chronic fear and worry about regular situations.
  • Article Context:

    1. What is Anxiety?
    2. Causes
    3. Diagnosis
    4. Treatment
    5. When to visit a Doctor?
    6. Home remedies
    7. FAQ's

    What is Anxiety?

  • Anxiety is a normal and often healthy emotion. However, when a person regularly experiences disproportionate levels of anxiety, it can develop into a medical disorder. In the case of an anxiety disorder, the feeling of fear can be with you all the time. It is intense and sometimes debilitating. This kind of tension can cause you to stop doing the things you enjoy. In extreme cases, it can prevent you from entering an elevator, crossing the street, or even leaving your home. The anxiety will continue to get worse if left untreated.
  • Types of anxiety:

  • Anxiety is a key part of several special issues. These include:
  • Panic disorder is experiencing recurring panic attacks at unexpected times. A person with panic disorder can live in fear of the next panic attack.
  • Phobia means excessive fear of a specific object, situation, or activity.Social anxiety disorder is a severe fear of being judged by others in social situations.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder means recurring irrational thoughts that lead you to perform specific and repeated behaviors.
  • Separation anxiety disorder means fear of being away from home or loved ones
  • Sick anxiety disorder is all about your health (formerly called hypochondria)
  • PTSD happens after a person experiences a traumatic event such as:
    • War
    • Assault
    • Natural disaster
    • Accident

    Causes:

  • Doctors do not fully understand the causes of anxiety disorders. Currently, it is believed that certain traumatic experiences can trigger anxiety in people prone to it. Genetics can also play a role in anxiety. In some cases, anxiety may be due to an underlying health problem and maybe the first signs of a physical illness rather than a mental one. Many can occur at once, some can lead to others, and some may not lead to an anxiety disorder unless another is present.
  • Other important causes include:
    • Genetics Anxiety disorders can be inherited.
    • Environmental stress refers to the stressful events that you have seen or experienced. Life events that are often linked to anxiety disorders include child abuse and neglect, the death of a loved one, or being attacked or witnessing violence.
    • Withdrawal of drug abuse. Certain medications can be used to hide or lessen certain anxiety symptoms and often goes hand in hand with alcohol and substance use.
    • Medical conditions with heart, lung, and thyroid conditions can cause symptoms much like anxiety disorders or make anxiety signs worse. It is important to have a complete physical exam to rule out other conditions when talking to your doctor about anxiety.

    Diagnosis:

  • If you have symptoms, your doctor will examine you and ask about your medical history. They may do tests to rule out other health conditions that could be causing your symptoms. No laboratory test can in particular diagnose anxiety issues.
  • If your doctor can't find a physical reason for how you are feeling, they may refer you to a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other mental health specialists. These doctors will ask you questions and use tools and tests to find out if you may have an anxiety disorder. Doctors cannot diagnose anxiety attacks, but they can diagnose:
    • Anxiety signs
    • Anxiety disorders
    • Panic attacks
    • Panic disorders
  • The doctor will ask about your signs and causes, perform tests to rule out other health conditions with similar symptoms, such as heart disease or thyroid problems.
    • A physical exam
    • Blood tests
    • A heart test, such as an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
    • A psychological evaluation or questionnaire

    Treatment:

  • Psychotherapy and medications are the two important treatments for anxiety disorders. You can benefit from more than one combination of the two. It may take a bit of trial and error to find out which treatments work best for you.
  • Psychotherapy:

  • Psychological counseling is also known as talk therapy, involves working with a therapist to reduce anxiety symptoms. which can be an effective treatment for anxiety.
  • The most effective form of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders is Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a short-term treatment, focuses on teaching you specific skills to improve your symptoms and gradually return To the activities which you have averted due to anxiety.
  • Medications:

  • Various types of medications are used to help relieve symptoms, depending on the type of anxiety disorder you have and whether you also have other mental or physical health problems. For example:
    • Some of the antidepressants are also used to treat anxiety disorders.
    • Buspirone and anti-anxiety medication may be prescribed.
  • Medications that are typically used to treat anxiety include antidepressants and sedatives. They work to balance brain chemistry, prevent episodes of anxiety, and save you the extra severe signs and symptoms of the disorder.
  • When to visit a Doctor?

  • It's not always easy to tell when anxiety is a serious medical problem and if a bad day is causing you discomfort or worry. Without treatment, your anxiety may not go away and it may get worse over time. Treating anxiety and other mental health conditions is easier upfront than when symptoms get worse.
  • You should visit the doctor if:
    • You feel that you worry so much that it interferes with your daily life (including hygiene, school or work, and your social life)
    • Your anxiety, fear, or worry is distressing and difficult to control
    • Feel depressed, use alcohol or drugs to cope, or have other mental health problems in addition to anxiety
    • Have the feeling that your anxiety is due to an underlying mental health problem
    • Have suicidal thoughts or have suicidal behaviors

    Home Remedies:

  • Lifestyle changes can be an effective way to relieve some of the stress and anxiety you may deal with every day. Most natural "remedies" encompass looking after your body, taking part in healthy activities, and disposing of unhealthy ones.
  • These include:
    • Get enough sleep
    • Meditating
    • Stay active and exercise
    • Eat a healthy diet
    • Stay active and exercise
    • Avoid alcohol
    • Avoid caffeine
    • Stop smoking cigarettes

    Frequently Asked Questions:

  • Anxiety cannot be cured, but there are ways to prevent it from becoming a big problem. Getting the right treatment for your anxiety will help you get your worries out of control under control so you can get on with your life.
  • Anxiety attacks generally peak within 10 minutes and rarely last longer than 30 minutes. But during that short time, you may experience such severe terror that you feel as if you are about to die or lose control altogether.
  • When you experience anxiety, your body is going into excessive alert, looking for viable threats and activating your fight or flight responses. As a result, some common symptoms of anxiety include nervousness, restlessness, or tension. feelings of anger, panic, or dread.
  • The bottom line. There are many reasons why your anxiety can be worse at night. Daily stressors, poor sleep habits, and other health situations can result in elevated anxiety and panic attacks at night.
  • Citations:

  • The relationship between anxiety and depression - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0272735885900108
  • Anxiety and Depression- https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry/article/abs/relationship-of-anxiety-and-depression-a-review-of-the-literature/129CD24B29008EF2A511C3372BA364E0
  • Effects of Anxiety- https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/article-abstract/485411