Teeth Cleaning

By Medicover Hospitals / 09 Mar 2021
Home | Procedure | Teeth Cleaning

Article Context

  1. Overview
  2. Types
  3. Dental Cleaning
  4. Frequently Asked Questions
  5. Citations


  • Cleaning / scaling the teeth is a type of oral hygiene that entails removing dental plaque from the teeth in order to avoid cavities, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. Brushing and interdental washing are common ways for people to clean their teeth, but dentists may remove dried deposits (tartar) that aren't removed by regular cleaning. Those with dentures can supplement their cleaning with a denture cleaner.
  • What is Dental Cleaning / Scaling?

  • Thorough teeth cleaning can remove plaque and tartar buildup on your teeth, reducing gum inflammation and improving gum health. Plaque is a toxic material that builds upon the surfaces of the teeth. It is caused by the mixing of food particles with saliva and involves bacteria. You can remove plaque, which accumulates on your teeth daily, by brushing your teeth. However, brushing does not remove all the plaque between the teeth. Your dentist may recommend that you have a dental inlay. This procedure is usually carried out in conjunction with root planing. These techniques are referred to as "deep washing" in layman's words. Periodontal disorder is treated with tooth grinding and root preparation (also known as gum disease). Tartar is formed as plaque calcifies or hardens. Gum disease is caused by plaque or tartar accumulation. Gingivitis, or gum infection, is an example of this. If left unchecked, gingivitis may lead to periodontitis. This is a severe infection that causes the bone that protects the teeth to deteriorate.
  • When is Dental Scaling Necessary?

  • Everyone experiences some type of plaque build-up. Saliva, bacteria, and proteins in the mouth form a thin crust that nearly always protects the teeth. When you chew, small particles, acids, and sugars from your food adhere to this film, forming plaque on your teeth. The bacteria that live in this plaque can cause gum disease and cavities. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental cleanings will help remove plaque and prevent more serious problems. If you have healthy gums, the tissue will fit tightly around the tooth and prevent plaque from entering. If gum disease develops, however, this tissue can relax. Healthy gums adhere to the tooth 1 to 3 millimeters below the gum line. With gum disease, you will begin to develop deeper pockets. These can fill up with plaque, make your problems worse, and cause symptoms like bad breath.
  • Types

  • There are different types of teeth cleaning procedures, and the type your dentist is likely to use depends largely on your specific oral care needs. The four major forms of teeth cleaning techniques are as follows:
  • Cleaning Prophylaxis

  • A prophylactic cleaning is a teeth cleaning procedure that is used primarily for people with a generally healthy mouth. A prophylactic cleaning is designed to perform routine maintenance, such as removing an expected amount of tartar and plaque from the surface of the teeth, gums, and middle teeth. Prophylactic teeth brushing can help people extract excess plaque and other small marks that remain on the surface of their teeth, even though they do have a relatively clear mouth.
  • Scaling and Root Planing

  • Root scaling and planing is a slightly more invasive (although non-surgical) dental cleaning procedure that involves deep cleaning of the gums, gum line, and other supporting structures of the teeth. Scaling and root planning are often recommended for people suffering from gum diseases such as gingivitis or periodontitis. Since scaling and root planing involve smoothing the surface of the tooth root and removing any existing tartar and plaque, it can sometimes take several visits to the dentist to complete.
  • Gross Debridement

  • In the event that a person has not visited the dentist in several years, it is likely that a good amount of plaque has accumulated on the gums, teeth, and between the teeth. Subsequently, a coarse debridement, which is a deep cleaning used to remove tartar and plaque from all areas of the mouth, is often used for people who have not been to the dentist in a while. The first thing the dentist does is perform an oral examination. After the oral examination, the dentist decides if routine prophylactic cleaning is sufficient or if a major debridement is necessary before the prophylactic cleaning.
  • Periodontal Maintenance

  • Periodontal maintenance refers to routine maintenance for people with severe oral problems. In particular, periodontal maintenance can be provided to people with gingivitis or periodontitis. Periodontal cleaning usually entails regular trips to the dentist to get the whole mouth cleaned. It is usually done for a specific period of time or until all oral health problems are adequately treated and the symptoms of gum disease are managed and completely under control
  • Procedure Steps

    A Physical Examination

  • Most dental cleanings are done by a dentist. Before the actual cleaning process begins, they begin with a physical examination of the entire mouth. The dentist examines the teeth and gums with a small mirror for evidence of gingivitis (swollen gums) or any possible problems. If they detect major problems, call the dentist to make sure it's okay to continue
  • Plaque and Tartar removal

  • Using the small mirror to guide them, the dentist uses a scraper to remove plaque and tartar around the gum line, as well as between the teeth. You will hear scraping, but this is normal. The more tartar you have in your mouth, the longer it will take to scrape off a particular spot. Brushing and flossing prevent plaque from building up and hardening and turning into tartar. Once you have tartar, it can only be removed at your dentist's office
  • Cleaning with Sandy Toothpaste

  • Once your teeth are completely free of tartar, the dentist brushes them with a high-powered electric toothbrush that makes a grinding noise. While it sounds scary, it's a great way to get a deep clean and remove any tartar left from the scraper. Professional cleanings use toothpaste that smells and tastes like regular toothpaste, although you can often choose between flavors. It however has a rough texture that softly rubs the teeth. If performed by a professional, this tooth polishing is considered safe twice a year
  • Expert Flossing

  • Nothing beats a professional flossing session, whether you floss at home or not. Your dentist can dig deep between your teeth and locate potential trouble spots where your gums can bleed. This may seem pointless if you floss at home, but having your teeth professionally flossed also removes any leftover plaque or toothpaste from earlier in the cleaning process
  • Rinse

  • The mouth is then rinsed to remove any residue. Your dentist will usually give you a mouthwash that contains liquid fluoride.
  • Fluoride Treatment Application

  • A fluoride treatment is the final stage of the cleaning process. This treatment is used to protect the teeth to help fight cavities for several months. Your dentist may ask you which flavor you like best. They will then put the foam gel (or sometimes a sticky paste) into a mouthpiece that fits your teeth. It is usually left on the teeth for one minute. In addition to the foam gel, the fluoride varnish is also painted on the teeth with a small brush.
  • What are the Post-Treatment Guidelines after Teeth Cleaning?

  • After recovery, you can resume your regular activities. You have to follow the general oral hygiene indicated by the dentist and make sure to comply with them regularly. Your teeth and their condition can tell a lot about your overall health. Make sure to clean and floss at regular intervals.
  • What are the Benefits of Teeth Cleaning?

  • Clean teeth can prevent gum disease and early tooth loss.
  • Elimination of stains for which there is discoloration of the teeth
  • Cleaning your teeth prevents cavities and tooth decay.
  • There is an elimination of bad breath that does not go with brushing or flossing, so cleaning keeps the mouth free of odors.
  • There is a big change before and after teeth cleaning, as teeth are transformed and tartar and plaque are completely removed.
  • What are the Side Effects of Cleaning Teeth?

  • The risks of tooth flaking are minimal. Your dentist may recommend an antibiotic or special mouthwash to use for a few days or weeks after the operation if you are at risk of infection. Your dentist can prescribe an antibiotic or special mouthwash to use for a few days or weeks after the procedure if you are at risk of infection. If not, contact your dentist
  • Conclusion

  • Deep cleaning of the teeth helps to eliminate bad breath and promotes the healing of gum disease. Deep cleanings have risks, so it's important to understand potential complications or side effects. Although it is a common and safe procedure, you can expect some tenderness and swelling afterward. Consult your dentist if swelling, bleeding, or discomfort persists after your operation for more than a week.
  • Frequently Asked Questions:

    Dental scaling and planning can often be done in a one-, one-, or two-hour dental visit.
    You may feel minor pain around the teeth for several days after scaling and root planning, as well as increased exposure to cold and heat for up to four to six weeks.
    The gums cannot regrow until they have receded. However, some treatments can reattach and restore the gum tissue around the teeth.
    Scraping the teeth once every six months is recommended. The frequency may differ depending on the type of saliva. As a person ages, saliva becomes thicker and contains less water.
    Root planing and scraping can introduce harmful bacteria into the bloodstream. Infection can also damage the gum tissue


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