The surgical procedure for removal of one or both fallopian tubes is termed as salpingectomy. The fallopian tube also called the uterine tube, is where the sperm cells travel to fertilise the egg. It also provides an optimal environment for fertilisation and transports the egg from the ovary to the uterus. In a normal female reproductive system, two fallopian tubes are located near the ovaries to catch and transport the eggs. During ectopic pregnancy, the fertilised egg is not transported into the uterus and stays inside the fallopian tube.
Salpingectomy can be combined with other procedures depending on the patient's condition. The different types of salpingectomy are as follows:
Unilateral salpingectomy refers to the removal of only one fallopian tube from either side.
Bilateral salpingectomy removes the fallopian tubes from both sides of the ovaries.
The procedure in which only a part of the fallopian tube is removed.
Total salpingectomy refers to the removal of the entire fallopian tube.
A salpingo-oophorectomy is when the ovaries are removed along with the fallopian tubes.