Overview

Plastic surgery is a highly specialised type of surgery in which Plastic Surgeons try to salvage and improve the patient’s physical appearance and the ability to function. They include both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures to achieve these goals.

While reconstructive plastic surgery is considered functional, the results of cosmetic procedures can have far-reaching consequences, as deformities and blemishes can have a negative impact on one's psychological well-being, self-confidence, and self-esteem. The aim of plastic surgery is the restoration of skin and tissue to normal functioning whereas improving one’s appearance is a secondary objective.

Plastic and reconstructive surgery benefits patients of all ages and types, ranging from the child with a birth defect to the young adult injured in an accident or the elderly with an age-related problem.



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Plastic surgery includes the following types:

Face
  1. Brow lift
  2. Chin surgery
  3. Eyelid reduction surgery
  4. Ear pinning
  5. Face lift surgery
  6. Facial implants
  7. Hair replacement surgery
  1. Nose surgery
  2. Lip augmentation
  3. Cleft lip and palate
  4. Craniosynostosis
  5. Scar revision
  6. Skin cancer
  7. Skin rejuvenation and resurfacing
Body
  1. Abdominoplasty
    (Tummy tuck)
  2. Arm lift
  3. Body lift
  4. Fat injection
  5. Labiaplasty
  1. Sclerotherapy
  2. Body contouring
  3. Butt lift
  4. Gender affirming surgeries
  5. Liposuction
  6. Thigh lift
Breast
  1. Breast asymmetry
  2. Breast augmentation
  3. Breast implant with lift
  4. Breast lift
  1. Breast reduction
  2. Gynecomastia
    (Male breast reduction)
  3. Nipple enhancement for inverted nipples
Reconstructive
  1. Breast reconstruction
  2. Burns and scarring
  3. Cleft lip and palate
  1. Hand surgery
  2. Tissue expansion
Skin
  1. Chemical peel
  2. Dermabrasion (Dermaplaning)
  3. Collagen/ Fat injectable fillers
  1. Botox/ filler injections
  2. Laser peels
  3. Scar revision
  4. Tattoo removal

Frequently Asked Questions:

There is no right age for plastic surgery as treatments such as liposuction, breast augmentation, nose corrections tend to be for younger patients whereas older patients seek procedures such as eye lift, face lift, brow lift and neck lift.

Bleeding, infection can occur with any procedure. There may be some scarring.

The majority of incisions are made in natural skin creases or behind the hairline, and they are typically closed with dissolving sutures. Bruising and scarring can be concealed with standard make-up until healing is complete. Most scars fade and become unnoticeable over time.

Tumescent liposuction is the most effective, safer and less painful than standard liposuction. It is performed as an outpatient operation and does not require general anaesthesia.

Nonsmokers in good overall health and at a healthy body weight are ideal candidates for cosmetic surgery. Those with serious medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, a bleeding disorder, heart disease, or depression, should avoid cosmetic surgery.

References:

  • https://plasticsurgery.org.au/procedures/
  • https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-treatments/c/cosmetic-plastic-surgery/types.html
  • https://www.yalemedicine.org/conditions/plastic-surgery-techniques


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