Laparoscopy Surgery

Laparoscopy is a type of surgical operation primarily done in the abdomen or pelvis region using small incisions (0.5–1.5 cm) with the help of an attached camera.

The small incision is known as a "port." Through each port, a tubular instrument called a trochar is inserted. A unique device, attached with a small light and a laparoscope camera, is inserted through the trochars. The laparoscope transmits the abdominal cavity images to high-resolution video monitors in the surgical room.

Laparoscopic surgery is also known under the name bandage surgery, minimally invasive surgery (MIS), or keyhole surgery. It is a modern surgical technique.



Advantages of laparoscopy:

The uses of laparoscopic surgery are:

  • Less pain
  • Less cutting of tissue or skin
  • Wound-related complications are fewer.
  • Short recovery time
  • Less scarring
  • The short duration of the hospital stay

Body parts where Laparoscopy is done

Laparoscopy is done to diagnose and carry out surgical procedures across a wide range of organs in the abdomen and pelvis. They include stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, intestine, spleen, appendix, kidney, and reproductive organs.

Body parts where Laparoscopy is done

Indications for the laparoscopic procedure

The following health conditions are treated with laparoscopic surgery:

Abdominal laparoscopy is also done to check the abdominal organs if the other diagnostic reports are not clear. It is done to check the following conditions:

  • Pelvic pain and problems
  • Fibroids
  • Ovarian cysts
  • The fallopian tubes
  • Gynaecological surgery, e.g., hysterectomy, oophorectomy

If you are suffering from any of the above health problems then consult a General surgeon


Laparoscopy Procedure

Preparation for the laparoscopic surgery procedure-

If doctors have planned to give you general anaesthesia, you have to avoid eating or drinking for six or more hours before the surgical procedure. You can ask your doctor about any other precautions you need to take besides this.

Also, after the surgery, ask someone to drive you home, as the general anaesthesia effect will stay for some time and make you feel sleepy and tired.

In addition, avoid wearing tight clothes; instead, prefer loose-fitting clothes as your abdomen may feel a little painful after the surgery.

The laparoscopic surgery procedure

Laparoscopy surgery procedure
  • You need to take off your clothing and wear a hospital gown.
  • You will be asked to lie down on an operating room table.
  • Mostly, general anaesthesia will be given to make you unconscious. If you are not given general anaesthesia, a drug will be injected into your abdominal area to numb that particular region so that you won't feel any pain or sensation.
  • When you are unconscious or the abdomen area is entirely desensitized, the surgeon will begin the operation by making one or more small incisions in the abdominal cavity.
  • The laparoscope, a thin tube with an attached camera and light, will be passed through the small incision.
  • A type of gas is pumped inside the abdomen at the time of the surgical procedure. This gas expands the abdominal area, allowing the surgeon to examine the inside of your body. The internal body images will appear on a monitor in the surgical room.
  • After the procedure, all the surgical tools and gas are removed, and the small incision is closed.
  • You will be moved to another hospital room (recovery room) for some time to monitor your vitals and overall health.
  • You may feel sleepy until the effect of the anaesthesia goes away completely.

The risks of laparoscopy are:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Injury to blood vessels, the stomach, bowel, bladder, or ureter.
  • Anaesthesia related reactions
  • Inflammation or infection in the abdominal region

Laparoscopy Surgery Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover Hospitals, we have the best team of laparoscopic surgeons who perform surgeries for gynec, gastro or general surgical needs using the latest tools and laparoscopic technologies. We ensure the best results, faster recovery, and seamless experience at our facility while continuing with the laparoscopic surgery. To know more get in touch with our expert doctors and surgeons.


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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the recovery period after laparoscopy?

Usually, laparoscopic procedures have a 5-7 day recovery period. In the case of a more extensive surgical procedure, it can vary from 3 to 12 weeks.

What precautions should I take after a laparoscopy?

  • Avoid alcohol consumption and don't drive driving after the surgery.
  • Keep the surgical area dry. Your doctor will advise you on how to take precautions.
  • Take prescribed painkillers only if there's a pain in the abdomen.
  • Limit your physical activity for a few days.
  • What are the laparoscopic surgery's side effects?

  • Swelling and pain in the abdominal part.
  • Abdominal gas might cause discomfort.
  • Nausea
  • How long will my stomach be swollen after the laparoscopic procedure?

    Most of the swelling and bloating will go away by 12 weeks. At times, you can feel slight discomfort for up to 12 months.

    What are the two different types of laparoscopic surgical procedures?

    The two types of laparoscopy are -

  • A telescopic rod lens system
  • A digital laparoscope
  • What is the rate of laparoscopy?

    The rate of laparoscopy is approximately Rs. 35,000 - Rs. 70,000.

    How do open surgery and laparoscopic surgery differ from each other?

  • Open surgeries are known as traditional surgeries, where a large incision is made using a scalpel.
  • Small incisions are made in the abdomen in laparoscopic surgery, and minor ports are placed inside the abdominal cavity.
  • Is laparoscopic surgery painful?

    Laparoscopy is done under general anaesthesia, so there will be no pain during the procedure.

    When can I get back to my daily work after laparoscopy?

    It depends on the reason why the procedure was carried out, (whether it was used to diagnose or treat a condition), your overall health and if there are any complications. If laparoscopy is done to diagnose a health condition, then you can resume your normal activities within 5 days.