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Pyrantel

pyrantel

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By Medicover Hospitals / 05 March 2021
Home | Medicine | Pyrantel

What is Pyrantel?

  • Pyrantel is a medicine used to treat a number of parasitic worm infections. This includes ascariasis, worm infections, enterobiasis, trichostrongyliasis, and trichinellosis. It's taken by the mouth. Side effects include nausea, headache, dizziness, difficulty sleeping, and rash.
    1. Pyrantel Uses
    2. Side Effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Dosage
    5. Pyrantel vs Albendazole
    6. FAQ's

    Pyrantel Uses:

  • This medicine is used to treat intestinal worm infections such as pinworm, roundworm, and hookworm. Pyrantel is a class of drugs known as anthelmintics. It works by making the worms unable to move (paralyzed) so that they can be naturally removed by the body in the stool. This medicine may be used to treat pinworm infections. Use this product only as directed by your doctor for other types of worm infections (such as roundworm, hookworm). Do not use this medicine in children younger than 2 years of age unless directed by the doctor.
  • How to use:

  • If you are taking an over-the-counter product, read all directions on the product package before taking this medicine. This medicine is provided with a patient information leaflet. Read this carefully. Be sure to understand how to identify pinworms, understand the symptoms of pinworm infections, and how to prevent them from becoming infected again. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
  • Shake the medication well before you use it. Take this medicine by mouth with or without food or as directed by your doctor.
  • Take this medicine by mouth with or without food, usually once as a single dose or as directed by your doctor. This medicine may be taken with milk or fruit juice.
  • The dose is based on your weight, type of infection, and response to your treatment. Do not take more than 1 gram in a single dose. If you are self-treated for pinworms, take the medication only once. Do not repeat the dose without talking to your doctor first. Your doctor may also direct you to repeat the dose within 2 weeks.
  • If you continue to see worms in your stool, or if symptoms persist or worsen, or if you think you may have another type of worm infection or a serious medical problem, seek immediate medical attention.
  • Pyrantel Side Effects

    • Abdominal pain
    • Diarrhea
    • Dizziness
    • Stomach cramps
    • Drowsiness
    • Headache
    • Irritability
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Headache
    • Rash
    • Tiredness
    • Sleepiness
    • Weakness
    • Lightheadedness
    • Irritation
    • Changes in mood
    • Anger
    • Mood swings
    • Trouble in sleeping

    Precautions

  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies before taking pyrantel. This product may contain inactive ingredients that may cause allergic reactions or other problems.
  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history before using this medicine, in particular: liver disease, severe lack of nutrition (malnutrition), anemia.
  • This drug can rarely make you drowsy or dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you dizzy or drowsy. Don't drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages, please. Talk to your doctor if you are taking marijuana (cannabis).
  • This medicine should only be used during pregnancy when clearly needed. Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits. If you are pregnant, do not use this medicine to treat yourself without first consulting your doctor.
  • It is not known whether this drug is in breast milk. Before breastfeeding, consult your doctor.
  • Interactions

  • The effects of some drugs may change if you take other drugs or herbal products at the same time. This may increase your risk of serious side effects or may cause your medication to fail to work properly. These drug interactions are possible, but they do not always occur. Your doctor or pharmacist can often prevent or manage interactions by changing the way you use your medication or by monitoring it closely.
  • If you are taking this medicine under the direction of your doctor to help your doctor or pharmacist give you the best care, be sure to tell your doctor about all the products you use before starting treatment with this product.
  • Note:

  • Some types of worm infections can easily spread to family members or people living in the same household. It is important that family members are checked even if they do not have symptoms. To keep everyone in the household from being infected again, they may need to be treated. Also, clean your home and all your clothes thoroughly, and be very careful with your personal hygiene. Wash your hands frequently and keep your fingernails trimmed. For details, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
  • If you have been told by your doctor to use this medicine, use it for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another infection unless your doctor tells you to do so.
  • Missed dose

  • If you have forgotten to take any dose or you miss any dose, take it as soon as you recall it. But remember that time for the next dose is far.
  • Overdose

  • If you or someone has taken more than what is prescribed inform your doctor immediately. If you think there's been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical attention right away. Be prepared to tell or show what has been taken, how much, and when it has happened.
  • Storage

  • Store in a dry place at room temperature. Don't store it in the bathroom. Store at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C. Keep all of the drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of your children and pets. Throw away any unused or expired drugs. Don't flush down the toilet or pour down the drain unless you're told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have any questions about the best way to throw out drugs. Drug take-back programs may be in your area.
  • Pyrantel vs Albendazole

    Pyrantel
    Albendazole
    Formula: C11H14N2S Molecular Formula: C12H15N3O2S
    Molar mass: 206.31 g/mol Molecular Weight: 265.33 g/mol
    Pyrantel is a medicine used to treat a number of parasitic worm infections. This includes ascariasis, worm infections, enterobiasis, trichostrongyliasis, and trichinellosis. Albendazole, also known as albendazole, is a drug used to treat a variety of parasitic worm infestations. It is useful for giardiasis, trichuriasis, filariasis, neurocysticercosis, hydatid disease, pinworm disease, and ascariasis, among other diseases.
    Taken orally Taken orally

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Pyrantel, an anti-worm medication, is used to treat roundworm, hookworm, pinworm, and other worm infections. This medicine is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
    Pyrantel is a safe, effective, and inexpensive treatment for intestinal worms and usually cures the condition at a single dose. It has very few side effects and is not known to cause human toxicity.
    Follow the dosing instructions given to you by your veterinarian. This medicine should take effect within 1 to 2 hours; however, the effects may not be noticeable and therefore laboratory tests may be needed to evaluate the efficacy of this medicine.
    Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach/abdominal cramps, headache, somnolence, dizziness, difficulty sleeping, or loss of appetite may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist forthwith.
    Both albendazole and pyrantel pamoate were evaluated for pinworm with curing rates of 94.1 percent and 96.3 percent respectively. Combination therapy with ivermectin and albendazole has a cure rate of between 38% and 80% for whipworm.
    If you see this, you don't have to be overly concerned unless it is serious, worsens, or continues to be a problem. If this happens, contact your veterinarian. If my pet gets too much of this medicine (overdose), what should I do? Overdoses of pyrantel pamoate may cause problems if given over a period of time.
    This medicine is used to treat intestinal worm infections such as pinworm, roundworm, and hookworm. Pyrantel is a class of drugs known as anthelmintics. It works by making the worms unable to move (paralyzed) so that they can be naturally removed by the body in the stool.
    It is usually taken as a single dose for pinworm and roundworm infections. The dose is usually repeated after 2 weeks for pinworm infections. Pyrantel is usually taken once a day for 3 days in the case of crochet worm infections.
    Overdoses of pyrantel pamoate may cause problems if given over a period of time. If you are witnessing or suspected of an overdose and your animal has any unusual symptoms, please contact your veterinarian or an animal poison control center for further advice.
    Following are the side effects-
    • Abdominal pain
    • Diarrhea
    • Dizziness
    • Stomach cramps
    • Drowsiness
    • Headache
    • Irritability
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Trouble in sleeping

    Citations:

  • Pyrantel, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S030440179601014X
  • Activity of Pyrantel Pamoate, https://www.ajtmh.org/view/journals/tpmd/19/5/article-p775.xml