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Oxcarbazepine

Oxcarbazepine
By Medicover Hospitals / 11 March 2021
Home | Medicine | Oxcarbazepine
  • Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant medication. It reduces the nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain. To treat partial seizures, oxcarbazepine is used alone or in combination with other medications. The Trileptal brand of oxcarbazepine is taken as a single dose by adults and children over the age of four.
    1. Oxcarbazepine Uses
    2. Oxcarbazepine Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Interactions
    5. Dosage
    6. Oxcarbazepine Storage
    7. Oxcarbazepine vs Lamotrigine
    8. Frequently Asked Questions

    Oxcarbazepine Uses

  • Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) is used to treat certain types of seizures in adults and children, either alone or in combination with other medications. Oxcarbazepine extended-release tablets are used in conjunction with other medications to treat certain types of seizures in adults and children aged 6 and up. Oxcarbazepine belongs to the anticonvulsant medication class. It helps in reducing abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
  • How to use oxcarbazepine oral

  • Before you begin using oxcarbazepine, and each time you get a refill, read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist.
  • Take this medication orally with or without food, usually twice daily, as directed by your doctor. The dosage is determined by your medical condition, response to treatment, and any other medications you are taking.To decrease the risk of side effects, your doctor might advise you to begin this medication at a low dose and gradually increase it. Pay close attention to your doctor's instructions. Make sure to inform your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription medications).
  • To get the most out of this medication, take it on a routine basis. Take it at the same time every day.
  • Don’t stop taking this medication suddenly without first asking your doctor. When this drug is abruptly discontinued, some conditions (such as seizures) may worsen. It is possible that your dose will need to be gradually reduced.
  • Oxcarbazepine Side Effects

    • Diarrhea
    • Constipation
    • Heartburn
    • Stomach pain
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Loss of appetite
    • Dry mouth
    • Thirst
    • Weight gain
    • Headache
    • Body shaking
    • Slowed movements
    • Back, arm, or leg pain
    • Muscle weakness
    • Sudden tightness
    • Increased sweating
    • Swelling
    • Redness
    • Irritation
    • Burning
    • Itching
    • White vaginal discharge

    Precautions

  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history, especially if you have kidney disease or a mineral imbalance, before using this medication (low level of sodium in the blood).
  • This medication may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Alcohol can cause dizziness or drowsiness. Limit your intake of alcoholic beverages.
  • Younger children may be more susceptible to the drug's side effects, particularly infections.
  • This medication should not be used during pregnancy. It might harm an unborn child. However, because there is the risk of untreated seizures that can harm both pregnant women and her unborn child, do not stop taking this medication unless your doctor tells you to. If you are planning a pregnancy, discuss the positive and negative consequences of using this medication during pregnancy with your doctor right away. Because hormonal birth control may not be effective when combined with this medication (see also the Drug Interactions section), consult your doctor about reliable forms of birth control.
  • This medication is excreted in breast milk, but it is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Before you begin breastfeeding, talk to your doctor.
  • Interactions

  • Orlistat is a product that may interact with this medication.
  • This medication can either accelerate or slow the removal of other medications from your body, which may affect how they work. Cobicistat, elvitegravir, certain drugs used to treat chronic hepatitis C, and rilpivirine are among the affected drugs.
  • This medication may reduce the efficacy of hormonal birth control methods such as pills, patches, or rings. This could result in pregnancy. Consult your doctor about whether you should use additional reliable birth control methods while taking this medication. Also, notify your doctor if you notice any new spotting or breakthrough bleeding.
  • Check the labels of all your medications because they might contain drowsy ingredients. Inquire with your pharmacist about how to use those products safely.
  • Oxcarbazepine is a drug that is very similar to eslicarbazepine. When taking oxcarbazepine, do not take any medications that contain eslicarbazepine.
  • Overdose

  • If someone has taken an overdose of this medicine and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, seek medical advice. Never take more than what is prescribed to you by your doctor.
  • Missed Dose

  • If you forget to take any dose or by mistake miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. If it is already the time for the next dose, skip the forgotten dose. Take your next medicine dose at the regular time schedule. Do not double the dose.
  • Storage

  • The medicine should not come in direct contact with heat, air, and light may damage your medicines. Exposure to medicine might cause some harmful effects or serious side effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.
  • Oxcarbazepine vs Lamotrigine

    Oxcarbazepine
    Lamotrigine
    Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant medication. It reduces the nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain. Lamotrigine is used to treat certain types of seizures in epileptic patients.
    Oxcarbazepine extended-release tablets are used in conjunction with other medications to treat certain types of seizures in adults and children aged 6 and up. It comes in 3 forms of tablets- orally disintegrating tablets, and chewable tablets.
    Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) is used to treat certain types of seizures in adults and children, either alone or in combination with other medications. Lamotrigine tablets are used to increase the time between episodes of depression, mania, and other abnormal moods.

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Oxcarbazepine extended-release tablets (Oxtellar XR) are used in conjunction with other medications to treat certain types of seizures in adults and children aged 6 and up. Oxcarbazepine belongs to the anticonvulsant medication class.
    Oxcarbazepine was observed to have a positive effect by 41% of those who reviewed it, while it had a negative effect by 32%.
    Oxcarbazepine is an antiepileptic medication that prevents and controls seizures in the brain. It is used for treating partial seizures. When used "off-label" for nerve pain or as a mood stabilizer for bipolar disorder, oxcarbazepine may be beneficial.
    Oxcarbazepine may cause sleepiness, slow reaction times, and impair your ability to drive or operate machinery. If you are affected in this way by oxcarbazepine, do not drive or operate machinery.
    Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) is an anticonvulsant that is structurally similar to carbamazepine, which is approved by FDA for acute and mixed mania but has not been well researched for depression.
    This medicine may cause memory problems, difficulty in walking, change in balance.
    Furthermore, oxcarbazepine 2400 mg/day as monotherapy has been shown to be effective in the treatment of adult patients with refractory partial seizures. In 692 patients with refractory partial seizures, oxcarbazepine 600, 1200, and 2400 mg/day as adjunctive therapy significantly reduced seizure frequency compared to placebo.
    Oxcarbazepine has been linked to rare cases of clinically obvious acute drug-induced liver injury, similar to carbamazepine hepatotoxicity.

    Citations:

  • Oxcarbazepine, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-199243060-00007
  • Oxcarbazepine Actions, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1528-1157.1994.tb05949.x