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Norethisterone

Norethisterone

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By Medicover Hospitals / 04 Feb 2021
Home | Medicine | Norethisterone
  • Norethisterone is also known as norethindrone and is a synthetic progestin hormone which belongs to the 19-nortestosterone-derived progestin class. This is further classified as second-generation progestin, along with levonorgestrel and its derivatives, and is the active form of several other progestins, including norethynodrole and lynestrenol. Norethisterone is a synthetic progestine. It works by imitating the effects of natural progesterone (female hormone). It helps to regulate the growth and shedding of the lining of the womb, thus treating menstrual irregularities.
    1. Norethisterone Uses
    2. Norethisterone Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Dosage
    5. Norethisterone Storage
    6. Norethisterone vs Levonorgestrel
    7. Frequently Asked Questions
    8. Citations

    Norethisterone Uses:

  • This medicine is used to prevent pregnancy. It is often referred to as the "mini-pill" because it does not contain any estrogens. Norethindrone (a form of progestin) is a hormone that prevents pregnancy by thickening the vaginal fluid to help prevent sperm from reaching the egg (fertilization) and changing the lining of the uterus (womb) to prevent fertilization of the egg. If the fertilized egg is not attached to the uterus, it passes out of the body. This medicine also stops the release of an egg (ovulation) in about half of a woman's menstrual cycles.
  • Norethisterone Side Effects:

  • Some of the common and serious side effects of Norethindrone are:
    • Breast tenderness
    • Dizziness
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • Vaginal spotting
    • Vomiting
    • Abdominal cramp
    • Irregular period
    • Bloating
  • If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Norethindrone if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.
  • A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Norethindrone side effects.
  • Precautions:

  • Before using Norethindrone talk with your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients that can cause some serious allergic reactions or other severe problems.
  • Before using the medication talk with your doctor if you are having any medical history such as:
    • Blood clots
    • Blood clotting disorders
    • high blood pressure
    • low levels of cholesterol
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Headaches

    How to take Norethindrone?

  • Do not stop taking your medicine without checking with your health care professional. After eating, you should take this medicine. Typically, it is started as one of the following:
  • Tilt your head back slightly and pull the lower eyelid down to make a small pocket. Hold the dropper over your eye with the tip down. Look up and get away from the dropper and squeeze out a drop of it.
  • Close your eye and gently press your finger to the inside corner of your eye for about 1 minute to keep the liquid out of your tear duct.
  • Use only the recommended number of drops.
  • Brand Name: Privine
  • Generic Name: Naphazoline
  • Drug Class: Decongestants, Intranasal
  • Missed Dose:

  • The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.
  • Overdose:

  • Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Naphazoline eyedrops there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.
  • Note

  • Naphazoline ophthalmic is a temporary relief of minor redness in the eye or discomfort caused by minor irritants. If you have narrow-angle glaucoma, you should not use naphazoline ophthalmic. Stop using naphazoline ophthalmic and call your doctor at once if you have a continuous or worsening eye redness, eye pain, vision changes, severe dizziness or headache, buzzing in your ears, or shortness of breath.
  • Storage:

  • Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.
  • Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).
  • Before taking naphazoline consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking naphazoline rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take naphazoline.
  • Naphazoline vs Oxymetazoline:

    Naphazoline
    Oxymetazoline
    Naphazoline is a Vasoconstrictor which works by narrowing swollen blood vessels in the eyes for reducing eye redness. It s used for temporary relief of minor eye redness or discomfort caused due to minor irritants. Oxymetazoline is a decongestant which shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages.
    Naphazoline is a decongestant which is used for relieving redness, puffiness and watery eyes which is caused due to colds, allergies or due to eye irritations. The medication is known as sympathomimetic which works in the eye for decreasing congestion Oxymetazoline is used for the temporary relief of Congestion in the nose which can be caused due to various condition that includes Common cold, sinusitis, fever and allergies.
    Some of the common side effects of Naphazoline are:
    • -Ongoing or worsening eye redness
    • -Eye Pain
    • -Changes in the Vision
    • -Chest pain
    • -Irregular heartbeat
    Some of the common side effects of Oxymetazoline are:
    • -Ongoing or worsening eye redness
    • -Eye Pain
    • -Changes in the Vision
    • -Chest pain
    • -Irregular heartbeat

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Naphazoline should be used exactly as directed by the doctor. Eyes are very sensitive in case of emergency talk with your doctor immediately.
    Naphazoline is a Vasoconstrictor which works by narrowing swollen blood vessels in the eyes for reducing eye redness. It s used for temporary relief of minor eye redness or discomfort caused due to minor irritants.
    Avoid using Naphazoline hydrochloride if it shows any change in color. Use Naphazoline hydrochloride as directed by the doctor.
    Naphazoline is a rapid-acting imidazoline sympathomimetic vasoconstrictor of ocular or nasal arterioles. It acts to decrease congestion and is found in many over the counter (OTC) eye drops and nasal preparations
    Naphazoline is a decongestant which is used for relieving redness, puffiness and watery eyes which is caused due to colds, allergies or due to eye irritations. The medication is known as sympathomimetic which works in the eye for decreasing congestion.

    Citations:

  • Naphazoline, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15563650701438441
  • Uses of Naphazoline,https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0379073803001580