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Moxifloxacin

moxifloxacin

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By Medicover Hospitals / 13 Jan 2020
Home | Medicine | Moxifloxacin

Moxifloxacin is an antibacterial medicine. It means that the medication works in stopping the infections that are caused by various bacteria. The medication works by killing various germs which are causing the infection. Moxifloxacin is a prescription drug. This comes as an oral tablet and an ophthalmic solution. The medication comes as an intravenous drug that is given by the healthcare provider. Also, moxifloxacin is available in the brand name drug called Avelox. The medication is also in the form of a generic drug.

  1. Moxifloxacin Uses
  2. Moxifloxacin side effects
  3. Precautions
  4. Moxifloxacin Warnings
  5. Moxifloxacin Dosage
  6. Moxifloxacin Storage
  7. Moxifloxacin vs Ciprofloxacin
  8. Frequently Asked Questions
  9. Citations

moxifloxacin uses:

Moxifloxacin is used for treating various bacterial infections. This drug will not work for virus infections like common cold and flu. Moxifloxacin is used for treating:

  • Sinus and lung infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Skin infections
  • Stomach infections
  • Plague

Moxifloxacin Side Effects:

Some of the common side effects of Moxifloxacin are:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Nervousness
  • Agitation
  • Nightmares

Some of the serious side effects of Moxifloxacin are:

  • Liver Failure
  • Yellowing of the skin
  • Kidney failure
  • Making less urine than normal
  • Swelling of the feet
  • Chest pain
  • Seizures
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Tingling
  • Burning
  • Pain
  • Numbness
  • Weakness

If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Moxifloxacin if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.

A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Moxifloxacin side effects.

Precautions:

Before taking Moxifloxacin talk to your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients that can cause some serious health issues in your body.
Before using the medication talk to your doctor if you are having any of the medical histories:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart problems
  • Joint problems
  • Liver disease
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Nerve problems
  • Seizure disorder
  • Blood vessel problems

Moxifloxacin can also cause some serious conditions that can affect the heart rhythm i.e. QT prolongation. QT prolongation will rarely cause some serious and irregular heartbeat symptoms.

How to take Moxifloxacin?

Moxifloxacin comes in the form of tablets. The medication is taken with or without food once in a day for 5 to 21 days. The length of the treatment depends on the type of infection that is being treated. The doctor will give you a brief on how long should you be taking Moxifloxacin tablets. Try to take Moxifloxacin every day at the same time. Follow the direction on the prescription label very carefully and ask the doctor for explaining the dosage timing.

Forms and Strengths

Generic: Moxifloxacin(oral tablet 400 mg)

Brand: Avelox (oral tablet 400 mg)

Dosage:

Dosage for sinus and lung infections

Adult dosage
-Dosage: 400 mg tablet once per day (5 to 14 days)

Dosage for community-acquired pneumonia

Adult dosage
-Dosage: 400 mg tablet once in a day (7 to 14 days)

Dosage for the skin infections

Adult dosage
-Dosage: 400 mg tablet taken once in a day (7 to 21 days)

Dosage for plague

Adult dosage
-Dosage: 400 mg tablet once per day (10 to 14 days)

Missed Dose:

Missing one or two-dose of Moxifloxacin won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.

Overdose:

Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Moxifloxacin tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.

Allergy Warnings

  • Trouble breathing
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Swelling of the mouth
  • Hives
  • Rash
  • Peeling of the skin

Warnings for Serious health conditions:

For people with diabetes: People who take moxifloxacin with diabetes medications or insulin may develop low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) or high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Serious problems, such as coma and death, have been reported as a result of hypoglycemia.

Check your blood sugar level as often as your doctor recommends. If you have low blood sugar levels while taking this medicine, stop taking it and call your doctor right away. Your doctor may need to change your antibiotic.

For people with myasthenia gravis: This drug can make muscle weakness worse. You should not take this medicine.

Pregnant Women: Moxifloxacin belongs to category C pregnancy drug. This means the research has shown the adverse effects on the fetus when the mother takes the drug. There are no enough studies on humans so it’s unknown whether the drug shows any adverse effects on pregnant women.

Breastfeeding: Moxifloxacin can pass into your breastmilk and this may cause some side effects in a child who’s breastfed.

Moxifloxacin Storage:

Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach

Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).

Before taking Moxifloxacin consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking Moxifloxacin rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take Moxifloxacin.

Moxifloxacin vs Ciprofloxacin:

Moxifloxacin Ciprofloxacin
Moxifloxacin is an antibacterial medicine. It means that the medication works in stopping the infections that are caused by various bacteria. The medication works by killing various germs which are causing the infection. Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic which is used for treating various types of bacterial infections. The medication is also used for treating people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague.
Moxifloxacin is used for treating various bacterial infections. This drug will not work for virus infections like common cold and flu. Moxifloxacin is used for treating:
  • Sinus and lung infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Skin infections
  • Stomach infections
Ciprofloxacin is used for treating various bacterial infections. It belongs to the class of drug called quinolone antibiotics.
Some of the common side effects of Moxifloxacin are:
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Nervousness
Some of the serious side effects of Ciprofloxacin are:
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Skin rash
  • Muscle weakness

Frequently Asked Questions:

Moxifloxacin is an antibacterial medicine. It means that the medication works in stopping the infections that are caused by various bacteria. The medication works by killing various germs which are causing the infection.
Some of the common side effects of Moxifloxacin are:
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Nervousness
Moxifloxacin is an antibacterial medicine. It means that the medication works in stopping the infections that are caused by various bacteria. But sometimes it can show some serious side effects such as low blood sugar, nerve damage and serious headaches.
Moxifloxacin comes in the form of a tablet that can be taken with or without food once in a day atleast for 5 to 21 days. The length of treatment depends on which type of infections is being treated.

Citations:

  • Moxifloxacin, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-199957030-00007
  • Moxifloxacin Dose,https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1164/rccm.200603-360OC