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Ciprofloxacin

ciprofloxacin

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By Medicover Hospitals / 13 Jan 2020
Home | Medicine | Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic which is used for treating various types of bacterial infections. The medication is also used for treating people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague. Ciprofloxacin extended tablets are approved only for adults. Ciprofloxacin is used for treating some serious infections when other antibiotics are not able to work.

  1. Ciprofloxacin Uses
  2. Ciprofloxacin side effects
  3. Precautions
  4. Ciprofloxacin Dosage
  5. Ciprofloxacin Storage
  6. Ciprofloxacin vs Amoxicillin
  7. Frequently Asked Questions
  8. Citations

Ciprofloxacin Uses:

Ciprofloxacin is used for treating various bacterial infections. It belongs to the class of drug called quinolone antibiotics. Ciprofloxacin tablets work by stopping the growth of bacteria. The medication is used for treating bacterial infections such as:

  • Chest infections
  • Skin and bone infections
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Eye infection
  • Ear infections

The medication is used to stop people from getting meningitis.

Ciprofloxacin Side Effects:

Some of the common side effects of Ciprofloxacin are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Liver function tests

Some of the serious side effects of Ciprofloxacin are:

  • Severe stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Skin rash
  • Muscle weakness
  • Urination
  • Jaundice
  • Increased pressure inside the skull

If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Ciprofloxacin if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.

A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Ciprofloxacin side effects.

Precautions:

Before taking Ciprofloxacin talk to your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients that can cause various allergic reactions or some other problems.
Before using the medications talk to your doctor about all the medical history especially:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart problems
  • Joint problems
  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Nerve problems
  • Seizures
  • Blood vessel problems
  • High blood pressure
  • Genetic conditions

Ciprofloxacin can also cause some serious conditions that can affect the heart rhythm i.e QT prolongation. This can cause some serious or irregular heartbeat and other symptoms like dizziness and fainting.

How to take Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin comes in the form of tablets, liquid and extended-release tablets which can be taken by mouth. Ciprofloxacin tablets and liquids are usually taken twice a day and the extended-release tablets are usually taken once a day. When used to treat gonorrhoea, the tablets every day and suspension can be given as a single dose. Try to take Ciprofloxacin at same time every day. The length of the treatment depends on the type of infection and severity of the infections you have. The doctor will give you a brief on how long should you take Ciprofloxacin. Follow the directions on the prescriptions label carefully.

Avoid taking Ciprofloxacin with any dairy products or calcium-fortified juices alone. However, you should take Ciprofloxacin with a meal which includes foods or drinks.

Swallow the whole extended-release tablet, don’t split, crush or chew them.

Before using the Ciprofloxacin liquid shake the bottle very well for 15 seconds before its use for mixing the medication evenly. Swallow the correct dose without chewing granules in the suspension.

How to use the eye drops?

The doctor would ask you to put 1 or 2 drops in the affected eye for 4 times a day.

In the case of severe infections, the doctor may tell you for using the drops in every 15 minutes for every 6 hours.

Missed Dose:

Missing one or two-dose of Ciprofloxacin won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.

Overdose:

Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Ciprofloxacin tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.

Interactions

Drug interactions can change the way your medicines used to work or it can increase the risk for some serious side effects. The drug does not contain any possible drug interactions. Keep the list of all the products you use and share the same with your doctor.

Some of the products can interact with the drug and this can include warfarin, strontium and acenocoumarol.

Ciprofloxacin Storage:

Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.

Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).

Before taking Ciprofloxacin consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking Ciprofloxacin rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take Ciprofloxacin.

Ciprofloxacin vs Amoxicillin:

Ciprofloxacin Amoxicillin
Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic which is used for treating various types of bacterial infections. The medication is also used for treating people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague. Amoxicillin is a bacteria-fighting antibiotic. It is used to treat bacterial infections, like tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and infections in the ear, nose, throat, skin, or urinary tract.
Ciprofloxacin is used for treating various bacterial infections. It belongs to the class of drug called quinolone antibiotics. Amoxicillin is also occasionally used with another antibiotic known as clarithromycin to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. This combination is sometimes used with a stomach acid reduced called lansoprazole.
Some of the serious side effects of Ciprofloxacin are:
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Skin rash
  • Muscle weakness
  • Urination
  • Jaundice
Most of the serious side effects of Amoxicillin are:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Cough
  • Chest pains
  • Blood in the urine
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness

Frequently Asked Questions:

Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic which is used for treating various types of bacterial infections. The medication is also used for treating people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague.
Ciprofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. The medication works against various types of bacteria.
Avoid taking Ciprofloxacin with any dairy products or calcium-fortified juices alone. However, you should take Ciprofloxacin with a meal which includes foods or drinks.
Ciprofloxacin is used for the treatment of infections that are caused by bacteria such as pneumonia, gonorrhoea, typhoid fever, infectious diarrhoea and certain infections in the bone, joint and skin.

Citations:

  • Ciprofloxacin, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-198835040-00003
  • Ciprofloxacin Dose,https://aac.asm.org/content/37/5/1073.short