Rosacea is a skin condition that causes facial flushing and enlarged facial blood vessels. Small, pus-filled lumps may appear as well. These signs and symptoms may appear for several weeks or months before disappearing. Rosacea can be confused with acne, other skin conditions, or natural redness. Rosacea is a common condition that affects between 1% and 2% of the population.

Rosacea has no cure; however, the symptoms can be managed with lotions and drugs. Some foods and beverages, including dairy products, spicy meals, coffee, and alcohol, might aggravate the symptoms, as can sun exposure.


There are four main types of rosacea:

    • Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea
    • Ocular rosacea
    • Papulopustular rosacea
    • Phymatous rosacea


Rosacea symptoms differ according to subtype.

Signs of rosacea ETR:

  • Flushing and redness in the center of your face,
  • Visibly broken blood vessels,
  • Swollen skin
  • Sensitive skin,
  • Stinging and burning skin,
  • Dry skin

Signs of acne rosacea:

  • Acne-like breakouts and very red skin
  • Oily skin,
  • Sensitive skin
  • Broken blood vessels that are visible
  • Raised patches of skin

Signs of Thickening skin:

  • Bumpy skin texture
  • Thick skin on the nose
  • Thick skin on, forehead, chin, cheeks, and ears
  • Large pores
  • Visibly broken blood vessels

Signs of Ocular rosacea:

When To See The Doctor?

If you have persistent facial or eye symptoms, consult your dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Causes & Risk Factors


Rosacea is caused by an unknown factor, according to doctors. Many people believe that the following factors may have a role:

Blood vessel abnormalities

According to skin specialists, facial flushing and spider veins are caused by blood vessel anomalies in the face. They are unsure what triggers inflammation in the blood vessels.

A skin mite called Demodex folliculorum

This mite lives on the skin and is usually harmless. People with Rosacea, on the other hand, seem to have more of these mites than others. It is unclear if the mites cause the Rosacea or whether the Rosacea causes the mite proliferation.

Helicobacter pylori bacteria

These gut bacteria increase the development of bradykinin, a tiny polypeptide that causes blood vessels to dilate. According to experts, this bacteria may have a role in the development of Rosacea.

Family history

Many Rosacea patients have a close relative, which means that there may be an inherited or genetic component.

Risk Factors

Rosacea may affect everyone. However, you are more prone to develop it if you:

  • Have skin that burns quickly in the sun
  • Are over age 30
  • Smoke
  • Have a family history of Rosacea


Early diagnosis is beneficial and is important for effectively treating Rosacea. Patients can learn to incorporate lifestyle changes and skin care procedures that lessen flare-ups' appearance with a dermatologist's help. Rosacea has no one cause or treatment, however, there are long-term skin care regimes that have cured some cases.

Some examples of trigger factors include:

  • Sun/wind exposure
  • Emotional stress
  • Hot/cold weather
  • Heavy exercise
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hot baths
  • Hot beverages

Diagnosis & Treatment


After examining the person's skin and symptoms the doctor can make a diagnosis. The presence of swollen blood vessels helps the doctor distinguish it from other skin disorders. Early diagnosis and treatment can usually decrease the likelihood of recurrence. If the doctor feels that the patient has any other underlying medical condition, such as lupus, blood tests may be ordered, or the patient may be sent to a dermatologist.


Rosacea treatment methods differ since the signs and symptoms vary from person to person. Rosacea treatments include the following:


To treat the disorder's accompanying bumps, pimples, and redness, doctors may recommend topical and oral medication. Drugs can put the condition under control.

Surgical procedures

In some cases, doctors can use lasers to eliminate visible blood vessels, reduce the amount of severe redness on the face, and correct nose disfigurement.

Dos and Don’ts

Rosacea patients may find it challenging to manage their skin disease since what causes redness and inflammation in one person may not cause it in another. However, following the do's & don'ts might help rosacea patients in finding quick and easy ways to keep the skin calm.

Foods and drinks, especially spicy foods, hot drinks, caffeine, and red wine, are significant triggers of rosacea flares. Keeping a food and drink journal,, as well as when the Rosacea flares up, might help you figure out which foods and beverages may exacerbate this skin problem.

Do’s Don’ts
Moisturize everyday Taking too much stress
Cleanse your face twice a day very gently Drink alcohol
Keep your skincare routine simple Consume too much caffeine, spicy foods, and hot beverages
Apply sunscreen before going outside Wear a wool scarf made of rough fabrics that tend to irritate the neck and face.
Cover your face in cold weather Rub, scrub, or massage your face too often or too vigorously

Because Rosacea could be more manageable if detected early, schedule an appointment with a dermatologist as soon as you notice changes in your skin.

Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover, we have the best team of dermatologists who work together to provide Rosacea treatment with utmost precision. Our highly skilled healthcare team utilizes the latest medical approach, diagnostic procedures, and advanced technologies to treat various skin conditions and ailments. For treating Rosacea, we use a multidisciplinary approach providing comprehensive treatment to patients and attending to all of their medical needs for a faster and more sustainable recovery.


Make an appointment just in few minutes - Call Us Now