Benign Tumor : Overview

Noncancerous growths in the body are known as benign tumors. They have borders, slow growth, and can appear anywhere in the body. They don't spread to other body areas as malignant tumors. One may assume it is a malignant tumor immediately if you find a lump or mass in the body that can be felt from the outside. For instance, women who self-examine their breasts and discover lumps are frequently worried. The majority of breast tumors are benign, and many growths on the body are benign. Over 90% of breast tissue changes are harmless, and benign growths are prevalent. Similar to other cancers, benign bone tumors are more common than malignant ones.


Different types of benign tumors are

  • Adenomas
  • Lipomas
  • Myomas
  • Fibroids
  • Nevi
  • Hemangiomas
  • Meningiomas
  • Neuromas
  • Osteomas


Many benign tumors have no symptoms at all. However, if they are large enough to put pressure on body parts, they might cause:

Benign tumors are frequently visible and felt on the skin. They could be

  • Discolored (often red or brown)
  • Raised, like bumps
  • Firm or soft
  • Round, with smooth, even edges
  • Smooth or rough to the touch

When To See a Doctor?

Even though many tumors and abnormal cells turn out benign, it's still a good idea to schedule a visit with the doctor as soon as possible if you notice a growth or any new symptoms that could lead to a tumor. This includes moles with an unusual appearance or skin lesions.

Additionally, it's essential to see a physician if anyone observes any growth or alteration in the symptoms of a tumor previously determined to be benign. Early detection might significantly alter the outcome because certain harmless tumor types have a long latency before turning malignant.

Causes and risks

The exact cause of a benign tumor is often unknown but usually develops when the body's cells divide and expand too quickly. The body usually manages to keep cell division and development under control. When a cell dies or becomes damaged, new, healthy cells are produced in its place. The same processes govern cancer cell growth.

Cancerous cells can infiltrate neighboring tissue and spread to other body regions, unlike the cells in benign tumors. Although the exact cause of benign tumor development is unknown, there are some possible explanations. While it's unclear why benign tumors develop, potential causes have been identified. These include

  • Environmental factors, such as toxins, radiation, and chemicals
  • Inflammation or infection
  • Diet
  • Local trauma or injury
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Problems with the body's immune system
  • Benzene and other chemicals exposure
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Environmental toxins
  • Excessive sunlight exposure
  • Genetic problems
  • Obesity
  • Radiation exposure

Even children can develop benign tumors, though adults are more prone to develop them as they age.


Yes, Benign tumors could be prevented by doing the following:

  • Maintain normal body weight
  • Avoid tobacco use
  • Avoid alcohol

Diagnosis and treatment

Benign tumors may occasionally be discovered when performing a self-exam, getting screened, or having imaging done for another purpose. The doctor will request particular tests to evaluate whether it is malignant. Depending on the location of the tumor, testing could include:

  • Biopsy A medical professional performs a biopsy by removing a portion of tissue and then dissecting the cells under a microscope.
  • Imaging tests A CT scan, MRI, or ultrasound can produce highly detailed pictures of your body's internal organs and cancers.
  • Mammogram A mammogram can detect abnormal growths or changes in breast tissue.
  • X-ray X-rays produce inside images of your body, commonly of bone.
  • USG This test uses sound waves to generate pictures of organs inside the body.
  • CT Scan The X Rays and Computerised Technology are Combined together in this Diagnostic test for Detection of Tumors.
    Doctors can identify benign tumors because they often have a visible protective sac border. To look for cancer indicators, your doctor may also order blood tests.


Not all benign tumors require treatment but should be carefully monitored. For instance, colon polyps or noncancerous moles may eventually develop into cancer. If the doctor decides to continue the course of therapy, the particular course of action will determine where the tumor is located. For example, if it's on the face or neck, it could be removed for cosmetic reasons. Surgery frequently removes other tumors affecting blood, arteries, nerves, or other organs to prevent further complications.

  • Watch-and-wait Your doctor could advise a wait-and-wait approach if the tumor is small and not causing any symptoms. In some situations, treatment can carry more risk than leaving the malignancy untreated. Some cancers won't ever require therapy.
  • Medication Some tumors, including hemangiomas, may be reduced with medicated gels or creams. Some tumors may also be reduced or shrunk by steroids, resulting in sensations like pressure or discomfort.
  • Surgery Endoscopic procedures, in which the equipment is placed in tube-like devices, are frequently used in tumor surgery. This procedure requires fewer, smaller surgical incisions and accelerates healing. Upper endoscopies and colonoscopies, for example, usually never require a recuperation period. Essential recovery treatments, including changing the bandage and keeping it covered, are necessary for skin tumor biopsies since they take a few weeks to heal completely.
  • Radiation If the tumor cannot be successfully treated through surgery, the doctor may recommend radiation therapy to help shrink or stop it from getting more significant.
    The recovery period will be longer the more intrusive the procedure. For instance, it may take longer to recover following the excision of a benign brain tumor. To address the issues the tumor left behind, you could still require speech therapy, occupational therapy, or physical therapy after it has been removed.

Benign Tumor vs. Malignant Tumor

Benign and malignant tumors have distinct characteristics, and some of these properties make diagnosing the tumor easier for doctors.

Benign Tumor Malignant Tumor
Typically grow slowly Can grow quickly
Do not Spread into surrounding tissue or organs Have irregular borders
Have smooth, distinct borders Can Spread into surrounding tissue or organs
Do not invade other parts of the body Can spread to other parts of the body

As long as the tumor isn’t causing you pain or discomfort, and it isn’t changing or growing, you can live with a benign tumor indefinitely.

Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover Hospitals, we have the most trusted group of doctors and healthcare professionals skilled in providing the best medical treatment to our patients with compassion and care. We use a holistic approach to treat Benign Tumors, with the active participation of healthcare professionals from several departments, each with their distinct specialty, to address the condition for comprehensive treatment, recovery, and wellbeing. Our diagnostic department is equipped with state-of-the-art technology and equipment to conduct the necessary investigations for diagnosing Benign Tumors. Our excellent team of Medical Oncologists use a systematic approach to diagnosing and treating the condition. They provide required medical treatment and rehabilitation therapy to treat this condition with great precision.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is a benign tumor?

A benign tumor is a growth of non-cancerous cells that remains localized and does not metastasize to distant parts of the body. Unlike malignant tumors (cancerous), benign tumors usually don't invade surrounding tissues or metastasize.

2. What are the symptoms of a benign tumor?

Symptoms can vary based on the location and size of the tumor. Common symptoms include pain, swelling, changes in skin color, pressure on nearby organs, and in some cases, no symptoms at all.

3. What are the causes of benign tumors?

Benign tumors can be caused by various factors including genetic mutations, hormonal imbalances, inflammation, and environmental factors. Some may also develop due to a genetic predisposition.

4. How are benign tumors diagnosed?

Doctors may use imaging tests like CT scans, MRIs, ultrasounds, and biopsies to diagnose benign tumors. Biopsies are when doctors take a small piece of the tumor to closely study it under a microscope.

5. Are benign tumors cancerous?

No, benign tumors are not cancerous. Unlike cancerous tumors, they don't grow into nearby tissues or move to other body areas.

6. Can a benign tumor become cancerous over time?

In most cases, benign tumors do not become cancerous. However, there can be instances where a benign tumor undergoes changes that lead to its transformation into a malignant tumor. This is relatively rare.

7. What are the treatment choices for benign tumors?

The choices for treatment vary based on the kind of tumor, its size, and where it's found in the body. In many cases, if the tumor is not causing symptoms or health risks, it might not require treatment. However, if necessary, surgical removal is often the primary treatment. In some cases, medication or other non-invasive approaches might be used.

8. What are the dos and don'ts for someone with a benign tumor?


  • Adhere to your doctor's advice regarding observation and treatment.
  • Keep up a healthy way of living by consuming a balanced diet and participating in routine exercise.
  • Attend regular check-ups to monitor any changes in the tumor.

  • Don't panic; benign tumors are usually non-cancerous and manageable.
  • Avoid self-diagnosis and self-treatment; always consult a medical professional.
  • Don't ignore any symptoms or changes you notice; report them to your doctor.

9. Can a benign tumor cause complications?

In some cases, benign tumors can cause complications if they grow large enough to press on nearby organs, disrupt normal bodily functions, or cause pain. However, many benign tumors remain asymptomatic and do not cause complications.

10. Can benign tumors recur after removal?

Yes, there is a possibility that benign tumors might recur after removal, especially if they are not completely excised during surgery. Regular follow-up appointments with your doctor can help monitor for any recurrence.

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