Robotic Surgery

Surgery has evolved from the era of invasive open model to the minimally invasive model especially when dealing with “cavity” surgery(abdominal/chest cavities). The benefits of MIS(Minimally Invasive Surgery) are self-evident: less pain, smaller incisions, earlier return to normal activities, and fewer wound-related complications. Traditional laparoscopic surgery, on the other hand, presents significant challenges such as counter-intuitive movements, rigid non-articulating instruments, limitations with 2D vision, and ergonomic discomfort for the operating surgeon, among others.

Newer platforms, such as robotic surgery, work to overcome these limitations, making it easier for surgeons to do a better job and, as a result, improve patient outcomes.

A minimally invasive, robotic-assisted surgery can be used to treat various diseases and conditions, including many cancers. The surgeon controls slender, telescope-like instruments from a console near the patient during this procedure.

The surgeon can view the surgical field in three dimensions on a high definition screen at the console. Surgery can be performed with accuracy and greater precision when the robot acts as an extension of the surgeon's hands. Even complex operations can be carried out through small incisions, resulting in minimal trauma to the body.



Benefits of Robotic surgery

Robotic surgery have the following advantages:

  • Less pain
  • Less blood loss and less blood transfusion
  • Less scarring
  • Less risk of wound infection
  • Reduced risk of complications
  • Smaller incisions
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Shorter recovery time
  • Enhanced access
  • Increased precision because of automation
  • Computerized 3d visualization for the surgeon

How does the robotic surgical system work?

The current robotic surgical system consists of four components:

  • A surgeon console is the area where the surgeon sits and controls the robotic instruments and camera with finger graspers and foot pedals.
  • A robotic cart with four interactive arms that hold instruments through trocars attached to the patient.
  • A vision cart with a camera that allows for a three-dimensional image of the surgical field using image synchronizers and illuminators.
  • Wristed instruments that translate the mechanical movements of the surgeon’s hands into computer algorithms that direct the instrument’s movements within the patient.

To operate the robotic system, your surgeon will make tiny incisions in your body and insert miniaturized instruments and a high-definition three-dimensional camera. The surgeon then manipulates those instruments from a nearby console to perform the operation.

During a robotic-assisted procedure, your surgeon manipulates the instruments using master controls, and the instruments translate the surgeon's movements into precise movements inside your body. The surgical system responds to the direction provided by your surgeon the whole time.


Procedure

Preparing for Robotic Surgery

  • Preparation for robotic surgery is similar to that of any other minimally invasive surgery. The difference here is that robotic arms, rather than human hands, perform the surgery.
  • A patient may be asked to avoid certain medications, depending on the condition to be treated.
  • An MRI or CT scan may be performed to locate and evaluate the exact site of invasion; the reports of the scan will be fed into the robotic machine for greater precision.

Robotic Surgery: What to Expect

During a robotic-assisted surgery, the surgeon "directs" the procedure from a nearby location rather than standing over you as in a traditional surgery. The following are the general steps for a robotic-assisted surgery while each surgery is different:

  • Your surgeon makes small (one to two centimeter-long) incisions in the surgical portion of your body.
  • Then the surgeon inserts a miniature robotic instruments and a powerful camera into the body.
  • Your surgeon will then direct the procedure from a nearby console (a large computer). The area of operation can be seen with high magnification and excellent resolution at the console.
  • Your surgeon operates the controls while sitting at the console.
  • The instruments react to these movements and translate them into precise, real-time movements inside the body.
  • Robotic devices, which have greater range of motion and dexterity than humans, enable your surgeon to perform delicate surgeries in difficult-to-reach areas.

What are the conditions which can be treated with robotic surgery?

Many types of surgeries have been successfully performed using Robotic-assisted surgery. These include:

  • Head and neck surgery
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • General surgery
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Heart surgery
  • Endometriosis
  • Colorectal surgery
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Urologic surgery

Care at Medicover

Medicover hospital is one of the best hospitals in the field of robotic surgery. We offer robotic surgery as it results in faster recovery, less pain and shorter hospital stay. Our doctors schedule proper treatment plans after making a complete evaluation. You can count on the ability and expertise of the surgeons at Medicover Hospital to get the best possible treatment for your condition.



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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is robotic surgery better than laparoscopic surgery?

Robotics is a generation above the conventional surgeries, minimally invasive & laparoscopic surgery. Both the techniques use small incisions, cameras, and surgical instruments. The robotic surgery will include V-Wrist instruments and the surgeon will operate by sitting on the console via a robot-assisted arm that rotates 360 degrees and is more flexible than the conventional human arm

2. What is the duration of robotic surgery?

The duration of any surgery depends on the medical condition and its severity. While most robotic surgery procedures can take anywhere between one hour to four hours, under the supervision of medical experts.

3. Why choose Medicover Hospital for robotic surgery?

Medicover Hospital is a leading health care hospital with an ultra-modern approach for robotic surgery, it aspires to bring innovation and exceptional care to all the patients. It also comprises the best robotic surgeons in India who are well-versed with the latest technology and do critical procedures with accuracy, flexibility, ease, and pro-efficiency.

Citations:

https://www.massgeneral.org/surgery/treatments-and-services/robotic-surgery
https://www.uclahealth.org/medical-services/robotic-surgery/what-robotic-surgery
https://nyulangone.org/locations/robotic-surgery-center/what-is-robotic-surgery