What is the EP (Electrophysiological) study?
Purpose of the EP Study
EP Study Procedure
- Do not eat or drink for six to eight hours before the test.
- A blood test may be required on the day of the procedure.
- An intravenous (IV) line will be placed.
- Monitors (electrodes) are placed on the chest to monitor heartbeat during the test.
- A patient should tell the doctor about any medications, including over-the-counter medications, herbs, and vitamins.
- Medications may be given to relax during the test.
- A patient may be asked to remove their dentures.
- A blood pressure cuff will be placed on the arm.
- EKG patches are placed on the skin to monitor the heartbeat.
- An oxygen probe will be placed on the finger to monitor the breathing
- The procedure sites will be prepped and cleaned with an antibacterial agent.
- Stimulating catheters (thin tubes) will be used to stimulate the heart.
- Be sure to report any pain or discomfort.
- The patient is required to remain still during the procedure.
- The IV and heart monitor will be removed.
- The patient will be asked to rest in bed for four to six hours.
- Limit the activity for the first 24 hours.
- Do not strain or lift heavy objects for the first week
- Keep the incision area clean and dry.
- The patient is monitored for bleeding or swelling at the puncture site.
- After the effect of the sedative wears off, the doctor will review the test results.
- It is normal to have some soreness for a few days where the catheters were inserted.
Risks and Complications of EP Study
- Bleeding or infection
- Bleeding around the heart
- Damage to the valves or blood vessels in the heart
- Damage to the electrical system of the heart
- Blood clots in the legs or lungs
- Heart attack
Procedures to Treat Irregular Heartbeat
Frequently Asked Questions:
An electrophysiology study can take between three and six hours, depending on the condition.
An E.p study may stimulate and diagnose abnormal heart rhythms and identify areas in the heart that are affected.
After the EP study, the patient is moved to a recovery area to rest for four to six hours.
Although an EP study is painless, a person may feel uneasy when the pulse speeds up or slows down.
An EP study can be on an outpatient depending on the condition of the patient. If there are any abnormalities one may need to stay in the hospital for treatment.
It ranges from Rs 500 to Rs 1000 depending on the city and the hospital.