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Cataract Surgery

Many people wonder what is a cataract - A cataract is basically a cloudy or opaque part of the eye lens and is one of the most common ophthalmic pathologies. Depending on its location and size, it can result in vision problems. It is also commonly called “motibindu” in Hindi.
A cataract eye is commonly seen in older people, mostly over 55 years of age and it rarely occurs in infants and young children due to trauma or medications.
Cataract surgery is one of the safest and very successful clinical managements in eye medicine, showing direct improvements in visual acuity.



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Cataract Symptoms -

During the first stage of cataract (motibindu) condition, the symptoms are not present when it is mild. But as cataracts increase in severity, they give rise to impaired vision, such as -

  • Cloudy or blurry vision
  • Double vision
  • Difficult differentiating colours
  • Night vision problems
  • Any light, such as headlights, or sunlight, may appear too bright.
  • Alteration in the eye's refractive error or eyeglass prescription.

If the cataract is ignored and not treated on time, it can lead to vision loss. The above eye symptoms can indicate other eye problems, too. Visit your eye doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.


Cataract surgery indications -

The ophthalmologist will perform an eye test and ask the patient about the symptoms. If the patient is experiencing the following cataract symptoms, then the eye doctor will suggest cataract surgery -


  • The opacification of the natural eye lens
  • Decreased distance visual acuity.
  • Difficulty discriminating colours
  • Decreased ability to identify faces
  • Trouble reading words
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Poor vision in good lighting
  • Improved vision in poor lighting

Cataract surgery complications -

The complications of cataract surgery include:

  • Posterior capsule opacification
  • Cystoid macular edema
  • Endophthalmitis - (rare)
  • Retinal detachment - (rare)

What are the types of cataracts?

The types of cataracts is based on their location in the eye.

  • A nuclear cataract -It is seen in the centre of the lens. Initially, the nuclear cataract may result in more nearsightedness or even a short term improvement during reading. But after some time, the lens darkens with age, changing its color from yellow to brown.
  • A cortical cataract: - It starts at the edges of the lens and spreads towards the centre of the eye in a spoke-like manner. Some of its symptoms include blurry vision, vision loss, difficulty driving at night, etc.
  • A posterior capsular cataract - It is a fast-growing opacification of the posterior part of the lens. This type of cataract can occur alone or in combination with other types of cataracts. It can cause significant loss of vision.


Frequently Asked Questions:

The average cost of cataract surgery, or motiyabind operation cost, is normally somewhere between 15,000 to 80,000 INR.

In most of the cases, the patients are discharged the same day. Even if hospital stay is needed, it can be hardly for one day.

  • Eye infection
  • Bleeding in the eye.
  • Vision loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Halos, glare, and dark shadows appear in front of the eyes.
  • Dislocation of IOL implant
  • Swelling of the eyes

The average cost of monofocal lens is Rs. 10000 to Rs. 50000.

The cost of a multifocal lens is nearly Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 90,000.

Citations -


https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-cataract-surgery https://www.eye7.in/cataract-surgery/intraocular-lens/ https://www.willseye.org/centers-for-advanced-cataract-surgery/types-cataract-surgery/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6139750/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559253/ https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/cataract-surgery

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