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Valsartan

Valsartan

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By Medicover Hospitals / 27 Feb 2021
Home | Medicine | Valsartan

What is Valsartan?

  • Valsartan is an oral drug that is used to treat congestive heart failure and high blood pressure. It belongs to a class of medicines known as angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), including irbesartan (Avapro), losartan (Cozaar), and candesartan (Atacand). Angiotensin is a potent chemical that binds to angiotensin receptors located in many tissues, but mainly on smooth muscle cells of blood vessels. Valsartan blocks a receptor for angiotensin. Valsartan dilates blood vessels by blocking the action of angiotensin and decreases blood pressure. FDA approved Valsartan in December 1996.
    1. Valsartan Uses
    2. Valsartan Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Dosage
    5. warning
    6. Storage
    7. Valsartan vs Losartan
    8. Frequently Asked Questions
    9. Citations

    Valsartan Uses:

  • Valsartan is used for the prevention of high blood pressure and heart failure. It is often used following a heart attack to increase the chance of living longer. It can also lower the risk of heart failure. Valsartan belongs to the drugs known as angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). It works by stimulating blood vessels so that blood can circulate more freely. Lowering high blood pressure helps to avoid strokes, kidney complications, and heart attacks.
  • Valsartan Side effects:

  • Some of the common side effects of Valsartan are:
    • Headache
    • Excessive tiredness
    • Nausea
    • Diarrhea
    • Stomach pain
    • Back pain
    • Joint pain
    • Blurry vision
    • Cough
    • Rash
  • Some of the serious side effects of Valsartan are:
    • Swelling of face
    • Hoarseness
    • Difficulty in breathing
    • Unexplained weight gain
  • Valsartan can also cause some other serious side effects. Talk with your doctor if you are experiencing any unusual problems while you are taking these medications.
  • Precautions:

  • Before using Valsartan talk with your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients which can cause some serious allergic reactions or some other serious problems. Before using Valsartan talk with your doctor if you are having any medical history such as Liver disease, loss of too much body water and minerals.
  • How to take Valsartan?

  • Valsartan comes as a tablet and solution (liquid) which should be taken orally. For high blood pressure medication, the tablet is typically taken once a day, and the solution is usually taken with or without food twice a day. It is typically taken with or without food twice a day for the prevention of heart failure or heart attack. Take exactly as instructed. Do not take more or less of it more often than recommended by your physician. Each product of valsartan releases the drug in your body differently and should not be used interchangeably. Take the doctor's approval before taking valsartan medication and do not turn to another valsartan medication unless your doctor advises you should.
  • Dosage of Valsartan

    Forms and Strengths

  • Generic: Valsartan
    • Form: oral tablet (40 mg, 80 mg, 160 mg, 320 mg)
  • Brand: Diovan
    • Form: oral tablet (40 mg, 80 mg, 160 mg, 320 mg)

    Dosage for high blood pressure (hypertension)

  • Adult dosage (ages 17–64 years)
  • Starting dosage: 80-160 mg taken once in a day
  • Dosage for Heart failure
  • Adult dosage (Ages 18-64 yrs)
  • Starting dosage: 40 mg taken twice a day
  • Dosage to increase survival after heart attack
  • Starting dosage: 20 mg should be taken twice a day
  • Missed Dose:

  • If you miss a dose, avoid taking Valsartan tablets unless you have time to sleep for 7 to 8 hours afterwards. Skip the missed dose and go back to your daily dosing cycle if you miss a dose of this drug. Do not use duplicate doses. Using this medicinal product only when you are unable to sleep.
  • Overdose:

  • Symptoms of overdose can include extreme drowsiness, confusion, lack of balance, severe muscle weakness, fainting, or shallow breathing. If you have taken more than the prescribed Valsartan tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.
  • Warning for people with certain health conditions

  • For people with severe heart failure or kidney disease:
  • This medication will increase the risk of kidney problems and decrease the amount of urine you produce. You should not take Valsartan and Aliskiren together if you have kidney disease.
  • For people with Diabetes:
  • Valsartan shouldn’t be taken if you’re taking aliskiren.
  • Pregnant
  • Only if the potential advantage justifies the potential risk should this drug be used. If you're pregnant or intend to become pregnant, speak to your doctor. And contact your doctor immediately if you get pregnant while you are taking this medication.
  • Storage:

  • Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. Exposure to medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach. Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).
  • Valsartan vs Losartan

    Valsartan
    Losartan
    Valsartan is an oral drug that is used to treat congestive heart failure and high blood pressure. It belongs to a class of medicines known as angiotensin receptor blockers. Losartan is a prescribed drug that comes in an oral tablet. This tablet is available in the brand name Cozaar.
    Valsartan is used for the prevention of high blood pressure and heart failure. It is often used following a heart attack to increase the chance of living longer. Losartan can be used for treating high blood pressure. Side effects of Losartan are: Vomiting, headache, chest pain, back pain and low blood pressure
    Some of the common side effects of Valsartan are:
    • -Headache
    • -Excessive tiredness
    • -Nausea
    • -Diarrhea
    • -Stomach pain
    Side effects of Losartan are: Vomiting, headache, chest pain, back pain and low blood pressure

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    For long-term therapy, oral tablet Valsartan is used. If you don't take it as recommended, it comes with significant risks. Your blood pressure will remain high if you do not take it at all. This can increase the risk of a stroke and a heart attack.
    Valsartan is in a class of medicines called antagonists of the angiotensin II receptor. It works by blocking the action of certain natural substances that tighten the blood vessels, allowing more smooth flow of the blood and more effective pumping of the heart.
    Valsartan is in a family of medicines known as angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). It works so that blood can circulate more freely by stimulating blood vessels. Lowering high blood pressure helps to avoid strokes, kidney complications, and heart attacks.
    Valsartan is typically issued once or twice a day. Your doctor may recommend that you take your first dose before bedtime if you are taking valsartan once a day, as it may make you dizzy. You will take Valsartan at any time of day after the very first dose. Try taking it each day at the same time.
    Valsartan works by blocking the influence of angiotensin II. As a consequence, the blood vessels contract and lower blood pressure. Three different conditions can be used with Valsartan 40 mg film-coated tablets: for the treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years.

    Citations:

  • Valsartan, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-199754020-00009
  • Valsartan side effects , https://ascpt.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1016/S0009-9236(96)90061-2