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Metoprolol

Metoprolol

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By Medicover Hospitals / 29 Nov 2020
Home | Medicine | Metoprolol

What is Metoprolol?

Metoprolol is a beta blocker that helps in the blood flow through arteries and veins in heart and circulation.

Metoprolol is used for the treatment of angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure).

Metoprolol is often used to lower the risk of death or need to be treated for heart failure. Metoprolol injection is used during the early stages of a heart attack to minimize the risk of death.

Metoprolol Succinate is known as a beta blocker that affects the heart and circulation (blood flow through veins and arteries). Metoprolol Succinate uses are, Metoprolol Succinate ER is used for the treatment of angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). It is often used to lower the risk of death or need to be treated for heart failure.

  1. Metoprolol
  2. Metoprolol side effects
  3. Metoprolol overdose
  4. Frequently Asked Questions
  5. Citations

Relevant information

You should not use metoprolol if you have a significant heart condition (heart block, sick sinus syndrome, slow heart rate), extreme circulation issues, severe heart disease, or a history of slow heart beats that have triggered fainting.

Before you take this medication

You should not take this drug if you are allergic to metoprolol or other beta-blockers (atenolol, carvedilol, labetalol, nadolol, nebivolol, propranolol, sotalol, etc.) or if you have:Severe heart issues such as heart block, sick sinus syndrome, or sluggish heart rate;

Significant problems with circulation;

  • Extreme heart failure (requiring you to be in the hospital);
  • A history of slow heart beats that caused you to faint.

Get assured by your doctor if this drug is safe for you or not, inform immediately your doctor if you have:

  • Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), sleep apnea, or other respiratory disorder;
  • Diabetes (taking metoprolol can make it more difficult for you to say when you have low blood sugar);
  • Liver illness;
  • Congestive cardiac failure;
  • Circulation issues (such as Raynaud's syndrome);
  • A thyroid disorder
  • Pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal gland).
  • Don't give this drug to a child without medical advice.

Your doctor will inform you whether you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant. It is not known if metoprolol is going to affect an unborn child. However, having high blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to complications such as diabetes or eclampsia (dangerously high blood pressure that can lead to medical problems in both mother and baby). The advantage of treating hypertension can outweigh any risks to the child.

Ask your doctor before breastfeeding before taking this drug.Metoprolol can be transferred into breast milk and can cause dry skin, dry mouth, constipation, or slow heartbeat in your baby.

How am I expected to take metoprolol?

  • Take metoprolol as recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label and read all medical manuals or guidance. Your doctor will advise you to change the dose from time to time.
  • Metoprolol should be taken before a meal or after a meal.
  • Swallow the capsule and do not crush, chew, crack or open the capsule.
  • The Toprol XL tablet may be divided in half if your doctor has advised you to do so. You need to swallow the half tablet, without chewing or crushing.
  • Carefully calculate liquid medicine. Use the dosing syringe given, or use a dosing system for the medication (not a kitchen spoon).
  • You will require regular medical tests, and your blood pressure will need to be monitored regularly.
  • If you need surgery, tell the surgeon in advance that you are using this drug.
  • You should not stop taking this drug all of a sudden. Stopping abruptly will make your condition worse.
  • If you have high blood pressure, continue to use metoprolol even if you feel well. High blood pressure also has no signs at all. You may need to use this drug for the rest of your life.
  • Store in a place where it does not get moisture and heat at room temperature.Metoprolol injection is offered as a vein infusion. Your healthcare provider will give you this injection in a hospital environment where your heart and blood pressure can be controlled. Metoprolol injections are administered just a short time before you take the oral form of this drug.

What's going to happen if I miss a dose?

Ignore the missed dose and use the next dose on a daily basis. Do not consume doses of 2 at the same time interval.

What happens if I take an overdose?

Get emergency medical care

Side effects of overdose

  • The blue color of the fingernails, lips, skin, palms, or nail beds
  • Consciousness Transition
  • Loss of Awareness
  • There's no blood pressure or heartbeat
  • Stopping the Heart
  • Very sleepy or very sleepy.

Metoprolol Tartrate formulations

Formulations Test between formulations value
C1-F Fast, moderate 49.93
C1-M Fast, moderate 40.65
C1-S Moderate, slow 54.3

What am I meant to stop while taking metoprolol?

Stop driving or dangerous behavior before you know how this drug is going to affect you. Your responses may have been affected.

Drinking alcohol can increase some of the side effects of metoprolol.

Side effects of Metoprolol

Seek emergency medical treatment if you have noticed side effects of an allergic reaction to metoprolol: hives; trouble in breathing; swelling of the ears, mouth, tongue, or throat.Immediately seek advice your doctor and consult if you have:

  • Quite slow heartbeat;
  • A light-headed feeling, like you may be passing away;
  • Breathing shortness (even with moderate exercise), swelling, rapid weight gain; or
  • It's a damp feeling in your hands and feet.
  • Popular side effects of metoprolol can include:
  • Dizziness, feeling tired;
  • Depression, depression, difficulties with memory;
  • Nightmares, sleeping trouble;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Irregular heart beat
  • Mild itch or rash.
  • Less Collective
  • Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or legs
  • Cough and cold
  • Decreased collection of urine
  • Difficult or hard-working breathing
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Dilated veins in the spine
  • Disrupted experience of color
  • Dual vision
  • Extreme fatigue or weakness
  • Quick, beating, or heartbeat or pulse racing.

Rare or very less common

  • The blue color of the skin of the fingers or toes
  • The Colds
  • Clay-coloured stools
  • Continued loss of appetite
  • Continuous or serious abdominal or stomach pain
  • Continuous or extreme nausea and vomiting
  • Dark Urine
  • Difficulty in traveling
  • Burning sensation
  • General exhaustion and weakness
  • Hoarseness
  • Increased urinary frequency
  • Itching of the skin
  • Light-coloured stools
  • Lower back pain or side pain
  • Muscular pain or stiffness
  • The numbness of the fingers or toes
  • Pain, swelling, or redness of the joints
  • Headaches
  • Inability to lift your arms, legs, or facial muscles
  • Unable to talk
  • Irregular respiration
  • Loss of sight
  • Blindness of the night
  • Throat issues
  • Sores, ulcers, or white spots in the lips or mouth
  • Uncomfortable breathing odor
  • Uncommon bleeding or bruising
  • Superior right abdominal or stomach pain
  • Vomiting the Blood
  • Feeling weak
  • Yellow eyes and skin;
  • Incidence is not known
  • Black and tarry stools
  • Blood of the gums
  • Blood in the urine or stool
  • Burning Sensation in skin, itching, numbness, tingling, or tingling.
  • Clean, sweaty skin
  • Spot the red marks on the skin

Metoprolol Dose

General information on dosage for:

Metoprolol ( oral tablet Metoprolol 25 mg, Metoprolol tablet oral capsule, injectable solution, extended release, compounding powder, oral solution)

Forms of dosage -

  • Excipient details provided when available (limited, in particular for generics); refer to precise labeling of drugs. [DCC] = Discontinued product
  • Capsule ER 24 Hour Sprinkling, Oral:
  • Capsule ER 24 Hour Sprinkling, Oral:
  • Intravenous solution, as tartrate:
  • Generic: 5 mg/5 ml of (5 mL)
  • Solution, Intravenous, as tartrate [free preservative]:
  • Generic: 5 mg/5 ml of (5 mL)
  • Cartridge Solution, Intravenous, as tartrate:Generic: 5 mg/5 ml of (5 mL)
  • Oral, as tartrate, tablet:
  • Lopressor: 50 mg of [scored]
  • Lopressor: 100 mg [scored; includes blue fd&c #2 aluminum lake]
  • Generic: 25 mg, 37.5 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg and 100 mg.
  • Tablet Extended Release 24 Hours, Oral, as succinate
  • Toprol XL: 25 mg of
  • Toprol XL: 25 mg [DCC] [scored]
  • Toprol XL: 50 mg of
  • Toprol XL: 50 mg [DCC] [scored]
  • Toprol XL: 100 mg of
  • Toprol XL: 100 mg [DCC] [scored]
  • Toprol XL: 200 mg of
  • Toprol XL: 200 mg [DCC] [scored]
  • Generic: 25 mg, 25 mg.

Drug Interactions

In total, 476 drugs are known to interact with metoprolol.

  • -22 key drug interactions
  • -419 Mild Drug Contact
  • -35 small drug interactions
  • Frequently Asked Questions:

    Metoprolol benefits are : used for the treatment of angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). Metoprolol is often used to lower the risk of death or need to be treated for heart failure. Metoprolol injection is used during the early stages of a heart attack to minimize the risk of death
    Dizziness, feeling tired; Depression, depression, difficulties with memory; Nightmares, sleeping trouble; Diarrhea; Irregular heart beat, Mild itch or rash,Less Collective, Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or legs, Cough and cold, Decreased collection of urine, Difficult or hard-working breathing, Difficulty speaking, Dilated veins in the spine, Disrupted experience of color, blurred or double vision
    The reccomended dose is usually 1 milligram (mg) per kilogram (kg) of body weight per day. The 1st dose should not be more than 50 mg per day. Your doctor will advice about your dose as needed.
    Till now no interactions have been found between metoprolol and vitamin D3. This does not necessarily mean that there are no encounters. Always consult your health care advisor..
    Yes, weight gain can occur as it is a side effect of metoprolol. On an average 1.5 kg can be increased.
    Till now no interactions have been found between metoprolol and vitamin B12. This does not necessarily mean that there are no encounters.Always consult your health care advisor.

    Citations:

  • Metoprolol, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-198631050-00002
  • Effects on mortality of Metoprolol , https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0140673681911016