Cervicitis is a condition of an inflamed cervix. Cervix is the lower, thin end of the uterus that exits into the vaginal opening. Cervicitis can cause bleeding between menstrual cycles, discomfort during intercourse, vaginal itching, and irregular vaginal discharge. Cervicitis can also be developed without the presence of any symptoms.

Cervicitis is mostly caused by sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Cervicitis can also arise from non-infectious causes.


Cervicitis generally has no specific symptoms, and one might know after a pelvic examination done for another reason. Following are the signs and symptoms:

When should you see a doctor?

Immediately consult your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Persistent vaginal discharge
  • Non menstrual uterine bleeding
  • Pain while having intercourse

Make an appointment with Our top Gynecologist at Medicover Hospitals if you detect any odd symptoms, such as vaginal discomfort, bleeding in between menstrual cycles, or vaginal irritation.


Cervicitis can be caused by various factors, such as:

STI (sexually transmitted infections)

Infections spread through physical contact. Most bacterial and viral illnesses that cause cervicitis are spread through sexual contact. Cervicitis is caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and genital herpes.

Reactions to allergens

Cervicitis can be caused by an allergy to contraceptive spermicides. Cervicitis is also caused by allergic reactions (usage of feminine hygiene products such as douches or feminine deodorants, moisturizers, etc.).

Overgrowth of bacteria

Cervicitis is caused due to an excess of certain bacteria present in the vagina (bacterial vaginosis).

Hormonal imbalance

Cervicitis is caused in women with a hormonal imbalance: low estrogen or excessive progesterone may impair the body's capacity to maintain healthy cervical tissue.

Cancer or cancer treatment

In rare cases, women who have cancer or go through radiation therapy or other cancer therapy: may produce cervicitis-like lesions to the cervix.


  • To prevent germs and viruses from entering the uterus, the cervix works as a barrier. When the cervix gets infected, there is a higher chance of the virus spreading into the uterus.
  • Cervicitis is caused due to conditions like gonorrhea or chlamydia and can spread to the fallopian tubes and uterine lining, leading to a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) (it is an infection of the female reproductive system that, if left untreated, can cause fertility-related problems.
  • Cervicitis increases the chance of contracting HIV from the infected partner.


To prevent cervicitis, follow these precautions-

  • Maintain proper intimate hygiene.
  • Do not apply any chemical-based products in your vaginal area.
  • Practice safe sex and use protection.
  • Consult a doctor if you notice vaginal itchiness or irritation.
  • Make sure you schedule regular gynecological checkups.


For diagnosis, the doctor will perform a physical exam to identify cervicitis, such as:

A pelvic examination

During this exam, the doctor checks for the area of swelling and pain in the pelvic area. The doctor might insert a speculum into your vagina to examine the vaginal upper, lower sidewalls, and cervix.

Pap test

The doctor will take a sample of cells from your vagina and cervix for this test, often known as a Pap smear. The cells will next be checked for any kind of possible abnormalities.

A cervical biopsy

If your Pap test reveals abnormalities, your doctor will ask to do a cervical biopsy test. For this, the doctor will insert a speculum into the vagina for this test, commonly known as a colposcopy. They next use a cotton swab to remove the mucus remnant from the vagina and cervix gently.
The doctor examines the region around the cervix with a colposcope, which is a kind of microscope. They next collect tissue samples from any places that appear to be abnormal.

Cervical discharge culture

The doctor may also opt to collect a sample of the cervical discharge. They will then analyze the sample under a microscope for symptoms of infection, which might include candidiasis and vaginosis, among other things.
You may also require tests for STIs such as trichomoniasis. Cervicitis will require treatment if you have an STI.


Cervicitis induced by an allergic response to spermicide or feminine hygiene products will not require treatment. If you have cervicitis caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI), you and your partner will likely need to be treated with antibiotics. Antibiotics are used to treat STIs such as gonorrhea, chlamydia or bacterial illnesses like bacterial vaginosis.

If you have genital herpes, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to assist in reducing the duration of your cervicitis symptoms.

Your doctor may also urge repeat testing for gonorrhea or chlamydia-caused cervicitis.

Cervicitis might take up to two weeks to cure. To ensure that the infection is entirely destroyed, antibiotics should be taken exactly as prescribed by the healthcare professional.

Dos and Don’ts

Women with cervicitis must follow sets of do's and don'ts to manage it and related symptoms and infections.

Maintain vaginal hygieneUse tampons
Understand your allergiesSelf-medicate for any rashes or infections
Take medical assistanceSex at an early age
Take the medications on timeApply chemical products like creams or moisturizers in the vaginal area
Avoid sex with multiple partnersTouch or scratch the infected area

Cervicitis can cause irritation and other skin infection problems. Follow the above tips to prevent this infection.

Care at Medicover

At Medicover Hospitals, we have the most trusted team of gynecologists and medical experts who are experienced in providing excellent healthcare services to patients with compassion and care. Our diagnostic department is equipped with modern technology and equipment to conduct the tests required for diagnosing Cervicitis disease based on a designed dedicated treatment plan.



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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is cervicitis?

Cervicitis is the inflammation of the cervix, typically caused by infection or irritation.

2. What are the common symptoms of cervicitis?

Symptoms can include vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, bleeding between periods, and pelvic pain.

3. What causes cervicitis?

Common causes include sexually transmitted infections (STIs), bacterial infections, and chemical irritants.

4. How is cervicitis diagnosed?

Diagnosis involves a pelvic exam, cervical swab, and sometimes a Pap smear to rule out other conditions.

5. What are the most common STIs associated with cervicitis?

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are the most common STIs linked to cervicitis.

6. Is cervicitis contagious?

Yes, if the underlying cause is an infectious agent like an STI, it can be transmitted through sexual contact.

7. Can cervicitis lead to infertility?

Untreated cervicitis can lead to complications like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can increase the risk of infertility.

8. How is cervicitis treated?

Treatment often involves antibiotics for infections and addressing any underlying causes.

9. Can cervicitis be prevented?

Practicing safe sex, getting regular STI screenings, and avoiding irritants like douching can help prevent cervicitis.

10. Is cervicitis more common in certain age groups?

It can affect women of all ages, but it's more common in sexually active women.