Consultant Obstetrics and Gynecologist
Published on: 05/07/2022
People with gonorrhoea are at a higher risk of contracting HIV.Yes, you read it correctly. Let's get a better understanding of gonorrhoea to avoid infection from HIV!
Gonorrhoea is an STD, a bacterial infection transmitted through sexual contact that affects both women and men. The most commonly affected areas by gonorrhoea are the throat, rectum and urethra.
This condition is most usually transmitted by oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse. However, new born babies of infected mothers can also get infected during childbirth. For newborn babies, eyes are the most usually affected areas.
What are the signs of gonorrhoea?
In most cases, the infection may cause no visible symptoms. However, if symptoms occur, they may arise anywhere on the body, usually appearing in the genital tract.
Following are signs and symptoms of gonorrhoea infection in men:
- Painful urination
- Swelling or pain in one testicle
- Pus-like discharge from penis
Here are the signs and symptoms of gonorrhoea infection in women:
- Abdominal or pelvic pain
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding between periods
- Painful urination
Gonorrhoea at other sites in the body:
This condition may also affect other parts of the body, such as:
Now the question is, what causes gonorrhoea?
The bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonorrhoea. During sexual contact, including oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse, gonorrhoea bacterias are most commonly passed from one person to another.
Let’s know the prevention measures for gonorrhoea?
To reduce the risk of gonorrhoea, take the following precautions:
- Use protection during intercourse: Avoiding intercourse (or abstinence) is the most efficient way to avoid gonorrhoea. If one chooses to have anal, oral, or vaginal intercourse, it is recommended to use protection like condoms for any type of sexual contact.
- Avoid multiple sexual partners: Avoiding several sexual relationships can reduce the risk of catching this bacterial infection.
- Don't get intimate with someone who appears to have a sexually transmitted infection: Do not have sex with someone who has sexually transmitted infection symptoms, such as genital rash or sore or burning during urinating.
- Having regular gonorrhoea screening: Annual screening is suggested for women who are sexually active as they are at a higher risk of infection. If you who have a new sexual partner, more than one sexual partner or a partner with a sexually transmitted infection are all included.Men who have intercourse with other men, as well as their partners, should be screened on a regular basis.
If you have already contacted gonorrhoea, abstain from having intercourse until you have completed the entire treatment and the symptoms have subsided. Do take a go ahead from your doctor before indulging in any kind of sexual activity.
If you detect any concerning signs or symptoms, such as a burning feeling when urinating or a pus-like discharge from the vagina, penis, or rectum, make an appointment with the doctor.
Gonorrhoea can be cured with the right treatment!