The most common type of heart disease is coronary heart disease (CHD). It happens when the arteries supplying blood to the heart narrow or harden due to plaque buildup. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, and other blood-borne substances. This plaque buildup is also referred to as atherosclerosis.
The four most common types of heart disease are coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, heart valve disease, and heart failure.
Unfortunately, research indicates that "curing" heart disease is not possible. It can, however, usually be well-managed with a combination of medical and lifestyle interventions. Many people with heart disease live long, meaningful, active, and independent lives with proper treatment.
Chest pain, pain, weakness or numbness in the legs and/or arms, shortness of breath, very fast or slow heartbeat or palpitations, feeling dizzy, lightheaded or faint, fatigue, and swollen limbs are all symptoms of cardiovascular heart disease.
Unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and harmful alcohol use are the most important behavioural risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Individuals may experience elevated blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, elevated blood lipids, and overweight or obesity as a result of behavioural risk factors.
Five harmful habits, according to hard data, herald the arrival of heart disease. These five factors are smoking, inactivity, carrying too many pounds, poor eating habits, and excessive alcohol consumption. They both set the stage for and accelerate the progression of artery-damaging atherosclerosis.