Home | Articles | Indigestion

By Dr Subramaniyam Srinivas

Consultant Gastroenterologist
Published on: 20 Aug 2021
  • Indigestion (dyspepsia) happens to almost everyone from time to time. It may cause stomach discomfort or a feeling of being too full. When severe, it can cause heartburn, bloating, nausea, and vomiting. Indigestion may be the result of your eating habits, or it can be a chronic problem.
  • Article Context:

    1. What is Indigestion?
    2. Symptoms
    3. Causes
    4. Diagnosis
    5. Risks
    6. When to See Doctor
    7. Preventions
    8. Frequently Asked Questions

    What is Indigestion?

  • Indigestion is often a sign of an underlying problem, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ulcers, or gallbladder disease, rather than a condition of its own. Also called dyspepsia, it is defined as persistent or recurring pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen often sometimes mistaken for heartburn. Heartburn is a separate condition that affects the upper chest. It happens to almost everyone. Indigestion can be caused by poor eating habits or a long-term digestive issue.
  • Symptoms

    • Bloating
    • Belching and gas
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • An acidic taste in your mouth
    • Fullness during or after a meal
    • Growling stomach
    • Burning in your stomach or upper belly
    • Belly pain


    • Ulcers
    • GERD
    • Gastroparesis
    • Stomach infections
    • Irritable bowel syndrome
    • Pancreatitis, an inflamed pancreas
    • Thyroid disease


  • Your doctor will likely begin by asking about your medical history and dietary habits. You will be referred for a physical exam. X-rays of your abdomen may be ordered by your doctor to check for any abnormalities in your digestive tract. They can also collect blood, breath, and stool samples to detect a type of bacteria that causes peptic ulcers. Your doctor may order an endoscopic exam to check your upper digestive tract for abnormalities.
  • A tiny tube with a camera and a biopsy instrument is sent into your esophagus and your stomach during an endoscopy. They can then check the lining of the digestive tract for disease and collect tissue samples. You will be lightly sedated for this procedure. For this procedure, you will be lightly sedated. The following conditions can be diagnosed with an upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy:
    • Reflux esophagitis
    • Ulcers
    • Inflammatory diseases
    • Infection cancer


  • Indigestion affects both men and women of all ages. It is extremely common. A person's risk increases with:
    • Excess alcohol consumption
    • Use of medicines that can irritate the stomach, such as aspirin and other pain relievers.
    • Conditions in which the digestive tract is abnormal, such as an ulcer
    • Emotional problems, such as anxiety or depression.

    Book an appointment with our Best Gastroenterologists

    When to See Doctor?

  • Because indigestion can be a sign of a more serious health problem, let your doctor know if you have any of the following symptoms:
    • Vomiting or blood in your vomit.
    • Weight loss you can’t explain
    • Loss of appetite
    • Stools that are bloody, black, or tarry
    • Severe pain in your upper-right belly
    • Pain in the upper- or lower-right parts of your belly
    • Feeling uncomfortable even if you haven’t eaten

    Reference link:

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    When you have indigestion, you may have one or more of the following symptoms: pain, burning sensation, or discomfort in your upper abdomen. feeling full too soon while eating feeling uncomfortably full after eating.

    Indigestion is a chronic disease that usually lasts for years, if not a lifetime. However, it shows periodicity, which means that symptoms can be more frequent or severe for days, weeks, or months and then less frequent or severe for days, weeks, or months.

    Mild indigestion is not usually a cause for concern. Consult your doctor if the discomfort persists for more than two weeks. Contact your doctor immediately if the pain is severe or accompanied by: Unintentional weight loss or loss of appetite.

    It can be caused by stomach acid contacting the sensitive, protective lining of the digestive system (mucosa). Stomach acid breaks down the lining, causing irritation and inflammation, which can be painful.

    Nothing works like a cup of warm water to flush toxins out of the body. It also helps break down food and energizes the digestive system, making it easier to digest. If you have stomach-related problems like constipation, heartburn, or even cough, cold, keep drinking warm water for more relief.