By Medicover Hospitals / 28 March 2022
Are you scared of that scorching heat during the peak of summer? I bet your answer is yes. None of us need that sunburn, hot and dry skin, or any other health issues. It's a good idea to stay indoors, but if needed to go out then it's better to take safety precautions.
Heatstroke or sunstroke is the most extreme state of a heat-related illness. It can be considered a life-threatening condition that causes body overheating, due to prolonged exposure or extreme physical activity in hot temperatures.
Sunstroke takes place if the body temperature rises to 104 F (40 C) or above. It is frequent during the summertime.
During sunstroke, the body fails to maintain its normal temperature; which means the body's temperature increases very fast, the sweating process fails, and the body is not able to cool down.
Heat Stroke Symptoms
If someone is exhibiting the following signs or symptoms, then seek medical assistance immediately:
Heatstroke symptoms are as follows :
Suffering from any of the above heatstroke symptoms. If yes then book an appointment now with our best doctors for heatstroke treatment.
Sunstroke requires emergency medical attention. It’s a grave health condition because if ignored it can lead to coma, organ failure, or death. The below-given complications are seen -
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Brain swelling
- Kidney failure
- Liver failure
- Metabolism disorders
- Neuropathy (nerve damage)
- Blood circulatory problems
Heatstroke and Diarrhea
Sunstroke symptoms also include bowel problems like diarrhea. Prolonged exposure to a very hot climate does increase the risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) problems as well as gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Usually, diarrhea cases seem to surge during the summer season.
Due to dehydration, there’s insufficient water in the digestive system. This condition gives rise to extra bloating, gas, or stomach pains.
Another reason for an upset stomach is that during summer times we prefer cold raw foods. Few people with sensitive stomachs may find them difficult to digest.
Also in the hot season, we do less exercise and restrict more bodily movements, which may affect the bowel movements and thus an upset stomach.
It is seen that many individuals require hospitalization with a relapse of inflammatory bowel disease for every day that a heatwave lasted.
Heat stroke treatment -
Heatstroke requires on-the-spot medical care. If an ambulance is yet to arrive, then try to cool the person as much as possible by -
- Move the person to a cool and well-ventilated environment.
- Apply ice packs or apply cool cloths to the skin to regulate and lower internal body temperature.
Take off or loosen ant tight clothing
- Give sips of salted fluids, such as sports drinks or salted water to drink. Avoid caffeine and alcohol.
Give a cold water bath
At the hospital, the person will receive the following treatment -
- Cooled intravenous fluids
- A cooling blanket
- Ice bath
- Medication to prevent convulsions
- Supplemental oxygen
MD(Gen Med), DM (Med Gastro) (Mumbai), DNB
Sr.Consultant lnterventional Gastroenterologist
Experience: 11 years
It’s possible to prevent heat-related illnesses if we take these precautions -