Laparoscopy is a type of surgical operation primarily done in the abdomen or pelvis region using small incisions (0.5–1.5 cm) with the help of an attached camera.
The small incision is known as a "port." Through each port, a tubular instrument called a trochar is inserted. A unique device, attached with a small light and a laparoscope camera, is inserted through the trochars. The laparoscope transmits the abdominal cavity images to high-resolution video monitors in the surgical room.
Laparoscopic surgery is also known under the name bandage surgery, minimally invasive surgery (MIS), or keyhole surgery. It is a modern surgical technique.
Advantages of laparoscopy:
The uses of laparoscopic surgery are:
- Less pain
- Less cutting of tissue or skin
- Wound-related complications are fewer.
- Short recovery time
- Less scarring
- The short duration of the hospital stay
Body parts where Laparoscopy is done
Laparoscopy is done to diagnose and carry out surgical procedures across a wide range of organs in the abdomen and pelvis. They include stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, intestine, spleen, appendix, kidney, and reproductive organs.
Indications for the laparoscopic procedure
The following health conditions are treated with laparoscopic surgery:
Abdominal laparoscopy is also done to check the abdominal organs if the other diagnostic reports are not clear. It is done to check the following conditions:
- Pelvic pain and problems
- Ovarian cysts
- The fallopian tubes
- Gynaecological surgery, e.g., hysterectomy, oophorectomy
If you are suffering from any of the above health problems then consult a General surgeon
Preparation for the laparoscopic surgery procedure-
If doctors have planned to give you general anaesthesia, you have to avoid eating or drinking for six or more hours before the surgical procedure. You can ask your doctor about any other precautions you need to take besides this.
Also, after the surgery, ask someone to drive you home, as the general anaesthesia effect will stay for some time and make you feel sleepy and tired.
In addition, avoid wearing tight clothes; instead, prefer loose-fitting clothes as your abdomen may feel a little painful after the surgery.
The laparoscopic surgery procedure
- You need to take off your clothing and wear a hospital gown.
- You will be asked to lie down on an operating room table.
- Mostly, general anaesthesia will be given to make you unconscious. If you are not given general anaesthesia, a drug will be injected into your abdominal area to numb that particular region so that you won't feel any pain or sensation.
- When you are unconscious or the abdomen area is entirely desensitized, the surgeon will begin the operation by making one or more small incisions in the abdominal cavity.
- The laparoscope, a thin tube with an attached camera and light, will be passed through the small incision.
- A type of gas is pumped inside the abdomen at the time of the surgical procedure. This gas expands the abdominal area, allowing the surgeon to examine the inside of your body. The internal body images will appear on a monitor in the surgical room.
- After the procedure, all the surgical tools and gas are removed, and the small incision is closed.
- You will be moved to another hospital room (recovery room) for some time to monitor your vitals and overall health.
- You may feel sleepy until the effect of the anaesthesia goes away completely.
The risks of laparoscopy are:
- Blood clots
- Injury to blood vessels, the stomach, bowel, bladder, or ureter.
- Anaesthesia related reactions
- Inflammation or infection in the abdominal region
Laparoscopy Surgery Care at Medicover Hospitals
At Medicover Hospitals, we have the best team of laparoscopic surgeons who perform surgeries for gynec, gastro or general surgical needs using the latest tools and laparoscopic technologies. We ensure the best results, faster recovery, and seamless experience at our facility while continuing with the laparoscopic surgery. To know more get in touch with our expert doctors and surgeons.