Sodium bicarbonate

sodium bicarbonate

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By Medicover Hospitals / 29 Nov 2020
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What is Sodium bicarbonate?

Sodium bicarbonate is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3 is, commonly known as baking soda or soda bicarbonate. It is a salt that consists of a cation of sodium and a bicarbonate anion. Sodium bicarbonate is a crystalline white solid that sometimes appears as a fine powder.

  • It is a chemical compound and the formula of Sodium bicarbonate is NaHCO3.
    1. Sodium bicarbonate uses
    2. Sodium bicarbonate side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Sodium bicarbonate Dosage
    5. Sodium bicarbonate Interactions
    6. Sodium bicarbonate Storage
    7. Sodium bicarbonate Vs Sodium carbonate
    8. Frequently Asked Questions
    9. Citations

    Uses of Sodium Bicarbonate:

    Stomach acid is reduced by sodium bicarbonate. In order to relieve heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach, it is used as an antacid. Sodium bicarbonate is an antacid that is very fast-acting. Only for immediate relief should it be used. Speak to your doctor about other drugs if you need to treat long-term stomach acid issues (such as peptic ulcer disease, GERD).

  • In baking soda, sodium bicarbonate is the active ingredient.
  • Athletic productivity. Research indicates that 1-2 hours before short-term, high-intensity exercise, taking sodium bicarbonate by mouth increases strength in qualified men during exercise. Other research indicates that taking sodium bicarbonate by mouth increases efficiency up to 3 hours before short-term, high-intensity exercise. However, in females or non-athletes, taking sodium bicarbonate does not seem to enhance results. Also, during exercises that last longer than 10 minutes, it does not seem to enhance performance.

    Harm to the kidney caused by contrasting dyes (contrast-induced nephropathy). Some evidence indicates that the risk of kidney damage can be minimized by administering sodium bicarbonate intravenously (by IV) before using contrast dyes during scans. But it does not perform better than other alternatives.

    How does it work?

    Sodium bicarbonate is a salt that breaks down to form sodium and bicarbonate in liquids, including blood and urine. The blood is buffered by this degradation and rendered less acidic. This acid neutralization capacity helps to treat conditions associated with high acidity in body fluids, such as indigestion caused by too much stomach acid.

    How to use Bicarbonate with Sodium

    Take this medication by month sodium bicarbonate tablets are available, usually as required or as ordered by your doctor, every 4 hours. Any tablets prior to swallowing should be dissolved in a glass of water. Until swallowing, other tablets may be swallowed whole or dissolved in water. For the item you are taking, follow all the instructions on the product box.

    Seek medical attention immediately if you are self-treated and your acid issues last or get worse after you have used this product for 2 weeks, or if you feel you might have a severe medical problem. If you consistently take this drug for more than 2 weeks on a daily basis, you may have a medical condition that needs to be handled differently. If this is the best drug for you, ask your doctor.

    If you have been advised by your doctor to take this acidosis drug or to alkalinize your urine, your dose will be dependent on your medical condition and your reaction to care. Take it daily, exactly as instructed, to get the most benefit from this drug. Usually, many times a day, it is taken by mouth. Take it at the same time of day to help you remember. Do not raise or take the dose more often, or continue to take it for longer than recommended.


  • Scientific research has tested the following doses:
  • ADULT The adult
  • For athletic performance: bodyweight of 100-400 mg/kg 1-3 hours before exercise.
  • OR Fired, BY IV:
  • For kidney damage caused by contrast dyes (contrast-induced nephropathy): Before and after cardiac angiography, a sodium bicarbonate solution was administered by a healthcare provider.
  • Overdose:

    If overdosed, this drug can be harmful. When someone has overdosed and has extreme signs such as passing out or respiratory problems can occur.

    Missed dose:

    If you are using this product on a daily basis and skip a dose, use it as soon as you recall it. If it is near the next dose, skip the skipped dose. Using the next dose on a daily basis. Do Not double the dose to recover the missed dose.

    Side Effects:

    If you have any of these following serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Azithromycin if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.

    • Pain
    • Swelling of nose
    • Selling of face
    • Swelling of throat
    • Skin burning sensation
    • Skin issues
    • Rash or itchiness
    • Difficulty in breathing
    • Weight loss
    • Weight gain
    • Dizziness
    • Tiredness
    • Rash
    • Itching
    • The decrease in blood
    • Muscle pain
    • Allergic reactions
    • Cramps
    • Slow wound healing
    • Bleeding
    • Skin thinning
    • Mood changes
    • Stomach pain
    • Intestinal bleeding
    • Abdominal pain
    • Depression
    • Confusion
    • Irritability
    • memory problems
    • Vomiting
    • Bloating
    • Chest pain
    • Nausea
  • Infants/kids: Sodium bicarbonate is Probably SAFE if IV is used in infants and children under proper medical supervision. Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is Likely Dangerous when applied to the skin, as elevated sodium blood levels have been documented in children after use. There is not enough credible evidence to know whether it is safe for children to take sodium bicarbonate by mouth. Stay on the safer side to prevent side effects.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis: sodium bicarbonate raises the amount of blood acid called ketones, and is associated with a complication of diabetes in which the level of blood acid is too high. Sodium bicarbonate should be avoided by individuals with this disease.
  • Swelling (edema): As sodium bicarbonate contains sodium, the risk of swelling caused by excess fluids in the body can be increased. Sodium bicarbonate should be used with caution by people with heart failure, liver disease, or other conditions associated with fluid build-up.High blood calcium levels: People with high blood calcium levels can have trouble with bicarbonate excretion. The use of sodium bicarbonate may also raise the risk of complications such as milk-alkali syndrome
  • High blood sodium levels: Sodium bicarbonate can increase blood levels of sodium. Sodium bicarbonate can be avoided by people who already have elevated levels of sodium in the blood.
  • High blood pressure: Blood pressure can be raised by sodium bicarbonate. Sodium bicarbonate can be avoided for people who already have elevated blood pressure.
  • Low blood potassium levels: Sodium bicarbonate can reduce blood levels of potassium. Sodium bicarbonate should be avoided by individuals who already have low potassium levels.
  • Iron deficiency: Sodium bicarbonate limits how much iron is absorbed by the body. Sodium bicarbonate and iron supplements should be administered separately by persons with iron deficiency.
  • Precautions:

    • Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it, or if you have any other allergies, before taking sodium bicarbonate. There may be the presence of inactive ingredients in this substance that may cause you allergic reactions or other problems. For more information, have a talk with your pharmacist.
    • Tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history before taking this drug, including kidney problems, heart failure, low calcium levels, swollen ankles/legs/feet due to water retention (peripheral edema).
    • Since there is salt (sodium) in this drug, do not use it if you are on a salt-restricted die
    • This medicine should only be used during pregnancy when specifically needed. It will occasionally affect an unborn child. Infants born to mothers who have been taking this drug for a long time may have hormonal problems. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience signs such as constant nausea/vomiting, extreme diarrhea, or fatigue in your infant.
    • It is not clear whether this drug is transferred to breast milk or not. Consult the doctor before breast-feeding.


    • Drug interactions can affect the working of your drugs or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all potential drug interactions are included in this paper. Keep a list and share it with your doctor and pharmacist of all the medications you use (including prescription/nonprescription medicines and herbal products). Without your doctor's permission, do not start, stop, or adjust the dosage of any medication.
    • Some of the drugs that can interfere with this medicinal product include aspirin and other salicylates (such as salsalate), corticosteroids (such as prednisone), memantine, specially coated stomach-protection medicinal products (enteric coating).
    • This medication can cause a decrease in the effectiveness of certain medicines, including ampicillin, atazanavir, certain azole antifungals (such as ketoconazole, itraconazole), iron supplements, pazopanib, and sucralfate, among others, that need to work with stomach acid. Ask your doctor or pharmacist how to treat this potential interaction before taking this drug.
    • If your doctor has advised you to take aspirin at a low dose for heart attack or stroke prevention (usually at doses of 81-325 milligrams per day), you can continue to take aspirin unless otherwise prescribed by your doctor. For more info, ask your doctor or pharmacist.


    If you are taking large doses or taking this drug for more than 2 weeks, laboratory and/or medical testing (such as calcium/potassium/sodium levels, bicarbonate concentrations) should be performed. Keep all medical and laboratory appointments in place. For more info, contact your doctor.


    Store it away from heat, light, and moisture at room temperature. Don't store it in the toilet.

    Do not flush the drug down the toilet or dump it into the sink unless told to do so. Disposal of this product is very important when it has expired or is no longer required. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more information about how to safely dispose of your product..

    Sodium bicarbonate Vs Sodium carbonate

    Sodium bicarbonate Sodium carbonate
    Baking soda is usually called sodium bicarbonate. Sodium carbonate or washing soda is also referred to as soda ash.
    The formula for sodium bicarbonate is given as NaHCo3. With the chemical formula Na2Co3, sodium carbonate comes with it
    With salt, acid, and hydrogen, sodium bicarbonate comes in The composition of sodium carbonate consists of sodium and acid.
    Sodium bicarbonate is typically monoprotic and has a weaker base. Diprotic and a solid base compound is sodium carbonate. It transforms into sodium bicarbonate when treated with acid. It also acts as a strong electricity conductor.
    As a cleaning or exfoliating agent, an odor neutralizer, and often as a temporary fire extinguisher, sodium bicarbonate is often used. In neutralizing acidic solutions in different fields, sodium carbonate is widely used.
    For body processes or responses, sodium carbonate is used. In our body, sodium bicarbonate is present and is an essential ingredient. It helps to control and neutralize elevated blood levels of acidity.

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Stomach acid is reduced by sodium bicarbonate. In order to relieve heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach, it is used as an antacid. Sodium bicarbonate is an antacid that is very fast-acting. Only for immediate relief should it be used. Speak to your doctor about other drugs if you need to treat long-term stomach acid issues (such as peptic ulcer disease, GERD).
    Although Sodium bicarbonate is generally not considered to be one of the most dangerous chemicals, exposure to large quantities of sodium bicarbonate can lead to some adverse health effects, such as coughing and sneezing if inhaled with a high concentration of dust. When large quantities have been consumed, gastrointestinal irritation may occur.
  • Adults and grown-ups - one to four times a day, 325 milligrams (mg) to 2 grams.
  • Kids up to 6 years of age: The doctor must assess the dosage.
  • Children between the ages of 6 and 12. The dosage is 520 mg.
  • Following are some side effects of sodium bicarbonate: Depression, Confusion, Irritability, memory problems, Vomiting, Bloating, Chest pain, Nausea, Rash, or itchiness, Difficulty in breathing, Weight loss, Weight gain, Dizziness, Tiredness, Rash, Itching


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  • Effects of Sodium Bicarbonate,