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Magnesium Citrate

Magnesium Citrate
By Medicover Hospitals / 12 Feb 2021
Home | Medicine | Magnesium Citrate
  • Magnesium is a naturally occurring element that is important to many systems in the body, especially muscles and nerves. Magnesium citrate also increases intestinal water. Magnesium citrate is used as a laxative for the treatment of occasional constipation. Magnesium citrate is delivered as an oral tablet or as a liquid saline laxative. Magnesium citrate retains water through osmosis in the intestines. Increased intestinal water promotes motility, usually producing intestinal movements within one-half to six hours.
    1. Magnesium Citrate Uses
    2. Magnesium Citrate Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Dosage
    5. Storage
    6. Magnesium Citrate vs Miralax
    7. Frequently Asked Questions
    8. Citations

    Magnesium Citrate Uses:

  • This product is being used to clean stools from the intestines prior to surgery or certain intestinal procedures (e.g., colonoscopy, radiography), usually with other products. It may also be used to relieve constipation. However, milder products (e.g. stool softeners, bulk-forming laxatives) should be used for constipation whenever possible. Magnesium citrate is a saline laxative which is thought to work by increasing the fluid in the small intestine. It usually results in intestinal movement within 30 minutes to 3 hours. The uses of Magnesium citrate are:
    • Bowel evacuation
    • Constipation
    • Bowel Irregularity
    • Nutritional supplement and treats acid indigestion

    Magnesium Citrate Side effects

  • Some of the common side effects of Magnesium Citrate are:
    • Abdominal cramp
    • Diarrhea
    • Bloating
    • Electrolyte imbalance
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
  • Some of the serious side effects of Magnesium Citrate are:
  • Pain with bowel movement
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Painful or difficult while urination
  • Flushing
  • Light-headed feeling
  • Weak or swallow breathing
  • Muscle weakness
  • If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Magnesium Citrate if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.
  • A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Magnesium Citrate side effects.
  • Precautions:

  • Before taking Magnesium Citrate talk with your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredient that can cause some serious allergic reactions or some other serious problems. Magnesium Citrate should be avoided if there is any serious medical condition like rectal bleeding and intestinal blockage.
  • Before using the medication talk with your doctor if you are having any medical history such as:
    • Bowel problems
    • Heart disease
    • Kidney disease
    • Stomach and abdominal symptoms

    How to take Magnesium Citrate?

  • Magnesium citrate comes as a powder to be mixed with a liquid and as a solution (liquid) to be taken by mouth. It is generally taken as a single daily dose or to divide the dose into two or more parts over a single day. Do not take magnesium citrate more than 1 week unless your doctor tells you to do so. Magnesium citrate typically causes bowel movements within 30 minutes to 6 hours after it is taken. Follow all the directions written on the prescription label and ask the doctor if you do not understand any of the instructions.
  • Take a full glass liquid product (8 ounces [240 millilitres]) of liquid. Mix the powder with 10 ounces (296 millilitres) of cold water or other liquids to prepare the powder for a solution and shake or stir the mixture thoroughly. If necessary, refrigerate the solution after mixing, but mix it again before use. If the oral solution mixture is not used within 36 hours of preparation, dispose of the mixture. Be sure to ask your pharmacist or doctor if you have any questions about how to mix or take this medicine.
  • Dosage of Magnesium Citrate

  • Adult dosages:
    • Liquid- 290 mg/5 ml
    • Tablet- 100 mg

    Missed Dose:

  • Missing one or two-dose of Magnesium citrate won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.
  • Overdose:

  • Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Magnesium citrate tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.
  • Interactions

  • If you are taking this product under the direction of your doctor, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of and monitor possible drug interactions. Do not start, stop or change the dosage of any medicine before first checking with your doctor or pharmacist. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially digoxin, sodium polystyrene sulfonate, tetracycline/quinolone antibiotics, before using this medicine.
  • Storage

  • Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.
  • Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).
  • Before taking Magnesium citrate consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking Magnesium citrate rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take Magnesium citrate.
  • Magnesium citrate Vs miralax

    Magnesium citrate
    Miralax
    Magnesium is a naturally occurring element that is important to many systems in the body, especially muscles and nerves. Magnesium citrate also increases intestinal water Miralax is a brand name over-the-counter (OTC) drug. It is classified as an osmotic laxative.
    This product is being used to clean stools from the intestines prior to surgery or certain intestinal procedures (e.g., colonoscopy, radiography), usually with other products. Miralax is used for the treatment of constipation. It is typically used for short-term treatment, but in some cases, it is used for long-term treatment of chronic (long-lasting) constipation
    Some of the serious side effects of Magnesium Citrate are:
    • -Pain with bowel movement
    • -Rectal bleeding
    • -Painful or difficult while urination
    • -Flushing
    • -Light-headed feeling
    Some of the common and serious side effects of Miralax are:
  • -Diarrhea
  • -Gas
  • -Nausea
  • -Stomach Pain
  • -Bloating
  • Frequently Asked Questions:

    Magnesium is a natural mineral that is important to many systems in the body, especially muscles and nerves. Magnesium citrate also increases intestinal water. Magnesium citrate is used as a laxative for the treatment of occasional constipation.
    This is not for long-term use. Anyone with chronic, long-lasting constipation episodes should avoid the use of magnesium citrate. Using magnesium citrate regularly may cause the body to become dependent on it, making it difficult for a person to pass stools without the use of laxatives.
    Men – 420 mg per day. Women – 320 mg per day. Pregnant women younger than 50 years of age: 360 mg/day. Breastfeeding women younger than 50 years of age: 320 mg/day.
    Magnesium Citrate is a product that, when properly taken by orally and followed by 32 ounces of liquid (from a clear liquid diet), quickly cleanses the intestine by causing watery diarrhea.
    Magnesium citrate is a saline laxative which is thought to work by increasing the fluid in the small intestine. It usually results in intestinal movement within 30 minutes to 3 hours.
    Take magnesium citrate on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. Measure liquid medicine with a dosing syringe or with a special dosing spoon or medicine cup.
    Magnesium supplements may cause excessive accumulation of magnesium in the blood, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease. Accumulation of magnesium in the blood may cause muscle weakness, but does not directly damage the kidneys.

    Citations:

  • Magnesium Citrate, https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/1997/cc/a608102i#!divAbstract
  • magnesium citrate treatment ,https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00296-011-2334-8