info@medicoverhospitals.in
 040-68334455

Atarax

atarax
By Medicover Hospitals / 01 March 2021
Home | Medicine | atarax

What is Atarax?

  • Atarax is a prescription drug used to treat symptoms of itching caused by allergies and anxiety. Atarax may be used on its own or with other medicines. Atarax belongs to a class of drugs called Antihistamines, 1st Generation, Antihistamines, Antihistamines, Piperazine Derivatives.
    1. Atarax Uses
    2. Atarax Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Atarax vs Zyrtec
    5. Frequently Asked Questions
    6. Citations

    Atarax Uses:

  • Hydroxyzine is used for the treatment of itching caused by allergies. It is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that is produced by your body during an allergic reaction. Hydroxyzine may also be used in the short term to treat anxiety or to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery.
  • How to use Atarax Tablet

  • Take this medicine by mouth both with and without meals as prescribed by the doctor, usually three or four times per day. If you are using the medicine in liquid form, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device or spoon. Do not use a home spoon because you may not have the right dose.
  • The dose is based on your age, medical problem, and response to therapy. In children, the dose may also be based on weight. Do not increase or decrease your doses or take this medicine more often than what is being directed. Tell your doctor if your condition is not improving.
  • Atarax Side effects:

    • Mood changes
    • Restlessness
    • Confusion
    • Hallucinations
    • Shaking
    • Difficulty urinating
    • Fast or irregular heartbeat
    • Drowsiness
    • Dizziness
    • Blurred vision
    • Dry mouth
    • Constipation
    • Rashes
    • Severe allergic reactions
    • Itching
    • Swelling
    • Blurred vision

    Precautions:

  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist before taking hydroxyzine if you are allergic to it or to cetirizine, or to levocetirizine, or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients that may cause allergic reactions or other problems. Please talk to your pharmacist for more details
  • Before using this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, in particular: breathing problems (such as emphysema, asthma), high pressure in the eye (glaucoma), high blood pressure, kidney problems, liver problems, seizures, stomach/intestinal problems (such as ulcers, blockage), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating ( due to enlarged prostate).
  • Hydroxyzine may cause a condition that affects the rhythm of the heart (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can rarely cause severe (rarely fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as severe dizziness, fainting) that require immediate medical attention.
  • The risk of QT prolongation may be increased if you have certain medical conditions or if you are taking other drugs which may cause QT prolongation. Tell your doctor about all the drugs you are taking and if you have any of the following conditions before taking hydroxyzine- Some heart problems (heart failure, slow heartbeat, QT prolongation in the EKG), family history of some heart problems
  • This medicine can make you dizzy or drowsy also can blur your vision. Alcohol can make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not do the driving, use big machine tools, or do anything that needs alertness or clear vision until you can do it safely. Evite alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are taking marijuana (cannabis).
  • Liquid products may contain sugar or alcohol. Caution is required if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to reduce or avoid these substances in your diet.
  • Children might be more sensitive to the serious side effects of this drug. This drug can often cause excitement in young children instead of somnolence.
  • Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially somnolence, confusion, constipation, difficulty urinating, or prolongation of QT. Sleepiness and confusion may increase the risk of falling.
  • This medicine should only be used during pregnancy when truly needed. Consult a doctor about the risks and benefits.
  • It is not known if this drug is transferred into breast milk. Before breastfeeding, consult your doctor.
  • Atarax vs Zyrtec

    Atarax
    Zyrtec
    Atarax is antihistamines Zyrtec is antihistamines
    used to treat allergy symptoms used to treat allergy symptoms
    Molar mass: 374.904 g/mol Molar mass: 388.89 g/mol
    This medicine is used for treating of itching caused by allergies Zyrtec is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of cold or allergy (sneezing, itching, watery eyes, or runny nose)

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Atarax (hydroxyzine hydrochloride) is an antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative properties used for symptomatic relief of anxiety and stress associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct to organic disorders in which anxiety is manifested.
    Atarax is used as a sedative to treat anxiety and stress. It is also used along with other anesthesia medications. Atarax is also used to treat allergic skin reactions such as hives and contact dermatitis.
    Take this medicine by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually three or four times a day. If you are using the liquid form of this medicine, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon.
    Atarax (hydroxyzine hydrochloride) is an antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative properties used for symptomatic relief of anxiety and stress associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct to an organic disorder in which anxiety is manifested.
    Maximum hydroxyzine is approximately 2.0 hours in both adults and children and its elimination half-life is approximately 20.0 hours in adults (mean age 29.3 years) and 7.1 hours in children. Its elimination half-life is lower in children compared to adults.
    Hydroxyzine is not a controlled substance. It does not have the risk of addiction, as do some other medications used to treat anxiety
    Hydroxyzine, as with most antihistamines, has a very sedative property, which makes it useful for treating insomnia. The common dose prescribed is 50mg at bedtime, but it can go up to 100mg without any significant adverse effect.
    Hydroxyzine is starting to work very quickly. Most people will begin to feel it kicking in 30 minutes and feel its maximum effect in about 2 hours.
    Atarax 25mg Tablet is used to treat anxiety and helps to relax before or after surgery. It is also used to treat symptoms of skin allergy such as itching, swelling, and rashes in conditions such as eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis.
    ATARAX (hydroxyzine) is an antihistamine that may increase the risk of QT prolongation (QTP) and torsade de Pointes (TdP) leading to dizziness, palpitations, syncope, seizures, and sudden cardiac death.

    Citations:

  • Atarax, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S138589471830593X
  • Atarax side effects , https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01975846