Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, are common urine infections that can occur anywhere in the urinary tract (which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra).

When the UTI happens in the lower urinary tract, it is known as a bladder infection (cystitis), and when it involves the upper urinary tract, it is called a kidney infection (pyelonephritis).

Women are more likely than men to have a urinary tract infection. If a UTI spreads to the kidneys, it might give rise to serious health problems.

urinary-tract-infection

Symptoms of Urinary tract infection

Symptoms of a lower urinary tract or bladder infection include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Pain or burning while urinating
  • Blood in the urine
  • Despite having an empty bladder, there is an urge to urinate.
  • In the groin or lower abdomen, there is pressure or cramping.

Symptoms of an upper urinary tract or kidney infection include:

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Lower back pain or pain in the side of your back

Symptoms of Urethra or urethral infection:

  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Vaginal discharge

When to see a doctor?

Discuss with your primary care doctor if you have urine infection symptoms or if any of the symptoms are troubling you. Depending upon the intensity of the symptoms, the doctor may refer you to a urologist. Prescribed antibiotics by a healthcare practitioner can treat most UTIs at home. However, a few serious cases may require hospital admission.

Get the best treatment for your urine infection from our Urologist at Medicover Hospitals.


Causes

The UTI causes include microorganisms, mainly bacteria that pass through the urethra and bladder, thus leading to infection and inflammation. The UTI infection is commonly observed in the bladder but can reach the kidneys too. Usually, the body can get rid of this bacteria, but certain conditions result in UTIs.

Urine infection is more common in women since their urethra is short and close to the anus as compared to men. Bacteria can easily pass through the urinary tract as a result of this. Due to this, women are more susceptible to obtaining an infection after sexual intercourse or while using a diaphragm to prevent pregnancy. A UTI is also more likely with menopause. The majority of bladder infections (cystitis) are caused by E. coli, a kind of bacterium that resides in the intestines.


Risk Factors

  • A history of previous UTIs
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney stones
  • Surgery involving the urinary tract
  • Bacterial changes that thrive inside the vagina, or vaginal flora. During menopause or the usage of spermicides, results in bacterial changes.
  • Age factors, such as older people and young children, are more vulnerable to developing UTIs.
  • Poor hygiene in the genital area.

Prevention

It is possible to lower the risk of urinary tract infections by following these steps:

  • Drink a lot of water and other liquids.
  • Clean the genitals from front to back to prevent the existence of bacteria.
  • Immediately after intercourse, empty the bladder to help flush out bacteria.
  • Avoid harmful feminine products in the genital area that can irritate the urethra.
  • Use safe birth control methods.

Diagnosis of Urinary tract infection

Your healthcare provider will recommend the following diagnostic tests to detect a urinary tract infection.

  • Urinalysis or urine test : The urine test will check the urine sample for any infection.
  • Urine culture : It is done to find out the type of bacteria in the urine.
  • If the UTI does not respond to medications, or if there is a frequent recurrence of infection, your healthcare provider may suggest the following tests to check for illness in the urinary tract system.

    • Ultrasound
    • Cystoscopy
    • CT scan

Treatment

When it comes to urinary tract infections, antibiotics are usually the first line of defence. The type of drugs prescribed and the duration depend on the patient's health condition and the results of the diagnostic tests.

For a mild UTI, the doctor may prescribe a shorter course of antibiotic treatment, such as taking the drug for one to three days. For a severe urine infection, intravenous antibiotics may be required in a hospital.


Dos and Don'ts

A UTI or urinary tract infection is a common infection that can affect any part of the urinary tract system. They can be either cystitis or pyelonephritis depending on which part of the urinary tract is affected. Managing UTI requires high level of hygiene and care and a set of dos and don'ts to be followed.

Drink plenty of liquidsDrink excess of alcohol and caffeine
Keep your genital area cleanIgnore cleaning your genitals after sexual activity
Use safe birth control methodsUrinate after sexual activity
Check for any urinary tract abnormalitiesEat processed, junk foods and citrus fruits like oranges.
Wear clean undergarments Use sprays or powders in the genital area.

Follow the do's and dont's of urinary tract infection to prevent it or to lessen its severity. By following the precautions as well as taking the complete course of prescribed antibiotics, it is possible to effectively treat the UTI infection and minimize its chances of recurrence.


Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover hospitals, we have the most reliable medical experts,like urologists and general physicians, who plan a personalized treatment pathway for each patient. We believe in a multi-disciplinary approach to managing urinary tract infections that have gone serious or affected other organs as well. However, our treatment plan addresses this condition with precision and bring the best results ensuring continued recovery. We aim to provide the best treatment outcomes and satisfactory patient experiences at a highly affordable cost.

Citations

Urinary Tract Infection e Urinary Tract Infection(UTI) e Urinary Tract Infection(UTI) e Urinary Tract Infectione
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Frequently Asked Questions

1. How is a UTI diagnosed?

A UTI is usually diagnosed based on symptoms and confirmed through laboratory tests such as a urine culture.

2. How is a UTI treated?

The most common treatment for a UTI is antibiotics. The kind of bacteria causing the infection will determine the precise antibiotic that is provided. Additionally, you might be instructed to consume lots of water and stay away from irritants like alcohol and spicy meals.

3. What happens if a UTI is left untreated?

Untreated UTIs can lead to more severe complications such as kidney infections, which may require hospitalization.

4. Can UTIs be prevented?

Yes, some preventive measures include:

  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Urinating when you feel the need (avoid holding it in)
  • Wiping from front to back after using the toilet
  • Emptying the bladder before and after sexual activity
  • Avoiding irritating feminine products

5. Are UTIs contagious?

No, UTIs are not typically contagious and can't be passed from person to person through casual contact. However, the bacteria causing the UTI can be transferred during sexual activity, which may lead to a UTI.

6. What kinds of doctors treat UTIs at Medicover Hospitals?

Although I can't give specific information about Medicover Hospitals, generally, urologists, general practitioners, and sometimes gynecologists treat UTIs in a hospital setting.

7. What can I expect during the consultation?

You'll likely be asked about your symptoms, medical history, and may undergo diagnostic tests such as a urine culture. A physical examination may also be conducted.

8. Do I need to prepare for any tests?

You may be required to give a urine sample, so you might want to drink some water beforehand. Your healthcare provider will give you specific instructions.

9. Are there any side effects of treatment?

Antibiotics can sometimes lead to side effects like gastrointestinal issues, allergic reactions, or yeast infections. Discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider.

10. Can UTIs recur?

Yes, some people are prone to recurrent UTIs. Preventive strategies and long-term medication may be recommended in such cases.

11. What preventive measures does Medicover Hospitals suggest?

While I can't specify what Medicover Hospitals would suggest, generally speaking, preventive measures include proper hygiene, staying hydrated, and urinating regularly.

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