Advanced Treatment for Cystitis at Medicover Hospitals

Inflammation of the bladder is known as cystitis. When a part of the body gets itchy, red, or swollen, it is called inflammation. A urinary tract infection is the most common cause of cystitis (UTI). A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria enter the bladder or urethra and multiply. This might also happen if the body's normally existing microorganisms become unbalanced. Infection and inflammation are caused by these microorganisms. Infection is not usually the cause of cystitis.


Types Of Cystitis

  • Bacterial cystitis
  • Drug-induced cystitis
  • Radiation cystitis
  • Foreign body cystitis
  • Chemical cystitis

Symptoms

For cases of acute cystitis, the symptoms may include:

The symptoms are the same for males as they are for females.

In children, the symptoms may include

Symptoms of Cystitis

Causes

The cause of cystitis determines the kind of cystitis treatment. They can be caused by the following reasons as well.

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Ongoing use of a catheter
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Irritating hygiene products
  • Taking certain drugs
Causes of Cystitis

Risk factors

Some factors can increase a woman's chances of developing cystitis:

  • Being sexually active
  • Using diaphragms with spermicide in them
  • Using tampons
  • Being past menopause
  • Being pregnant

For both men and women, the following factors can increase the risk of cystitis:

  • A recent urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Radiation or chemotherapy
  • Using a catheter
  • Having diabetes, kidney stones, or HIV
  • An injury to the spine
  • Something that affects the flow of pee
  • In men, an enlarged prostate can increase the risk.

Prevention

Cystitis is hardly preventable, however, the following steps may help. If you have recurrent bladder infections, your doctor may consider the following:

  • Drink lots of water and other healthy beverages. If you're receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy, staying hydrated is very crucial, especially on treatment days.
  • Urinate at regular intervals. If you need to urinate, don't put off going to the bathroom.
  • After a bowel movement, wipe from front to back. This keeps germs from migrating from the anal area to the vagina and urethra.
  • Shower instead of taking a bath. Showering rather than bathing may help avoid infections if you're prone to them.
  • Wash the area surrounding the vaginal and anus canals gently. Do this on a daily basis, but don't use strong soaps or scrub too hard. The sensitive skin around these places is prone to irritation.
  • After intercourse, empty your bladder as quickly as feasible. To assist flush germs, drink a full glass of water.
  • Deodorant sprays and feminine items should not be used in the vaginal region. The urethra and bladder might be irritated by these products.

Diagnosis

Cystitis can be diagnosed in a variety of ways. Your doctor may request a urine sample to evaluate the source of your cystitis and rule out a urinary tract infection (UTI). To discover the origin of your symptoms, your doctor may do a cystoscopy or an imaging test. Your doctor may use:

  • Cystoscopy :
  • A cystoscope, a tiny tube with a camera inserted into your urethra by your doctor to check for issues or get a tissue sample for further testing (biopsy).
  • Imaging : Tumours, kidney stones, and other disorders can be detected using an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI.
  • An intravenous urogram (IVU) : It's an X-ray that takes pictures of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder using contrast dye.
  • Voiding cystourethrography : A dye is injected into your bladder by your doctor to see if any urine travels backwards from the bladder to the kidneys.
  • Retrograde urethrography : Retrograde urethrography is a technique for examining the urethra from the This test employs contrast dye to detect urethral abnormalities.
  • Treatment : Which type of treatment you need will depend on the cause. Medication and surgery are the commonly suggested treatment methodologies
  • Medications : Antibiotics are frequently used to treat bacterial cystitis. Medication can also be used to treat interstitial cystitis. The treatment for interstitial cystitis is determined by the aetiology.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the main cause of cystitis?

This type of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacterium is responsible for the majority of cystitis cases. However, infections can also be caused by different kinds of bacteria. Women may get bacterial bladder infections following intercourse.

2. How long does cystitis last?

The duration of a urinary tract infection (UTI), also known as cystitis, can vary based on a number of circumstances, such as the illness's etiology, the patient's general health, and whether the infection is treated well. Generally speaking, taking antibiotics for a bacterial UTI can help you feel better in a day or two provided you receive timely and efficient treatment.

3. Can cystitis be cured?

Cystitis is often cured with a course of antibiotics. To alleviate symptoms, further medications could be recommended if cystitis is excruciating or unpleasant.