- What is Diabetes?
- How Harmful is Diabetes?
- Types of Diabetes
- Diagnostic Criteria for Diabetes
- What are the Diabetes concerns?
- Risk Factors
- Frequently Asked Questions
What is Diabetes?
How Harmful is Diabetes For Your Body?
- Stroke: A person with diabetes has a four-fold increased risk of stroke compared to someone who does not have diabetes.
- Loss of Consciousness: When the body creates a high quantity of blood acids called ketones, a person may lose consciousness or perhaps go into a coma. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a significant diabetic condition.
- Visual Disturbances: Damaged blood vessels in the eyes can create visual abnormalities such as floaters. This can result in blindness if left untreated.
- Cataracts and Glaucoma: People with diabetes have a higher risk of glaucoma and cataracts than those who do not have diabetes.
- Risk of Heart Disease: High blood pressure and damaged blood arteries place additional strain on the heart, raising the risk of heart disease.
- Fatigue and Tiredness: Fatigue is the most prevalent symptom of diabetes, and it is caused by high blood sugar levels and other problems of the disease.
- High Blood Pressure: A diabetic is at an increased risk of acquiring high blood pressure.
- Pancreas Malfunction: Your body will not be able to convert glucose into energy if your pancreas is malfunctioning or non-functioning.
- Gastroparesis: The prolonged emptying of the stomach might be caused by poor blood sugar management. Bloating, heartburn and nausea are all possible side effects.
- Frequent Urination and Excessive Thirst: Urination on a regular basis can be an early symptom of diabetes. One of the problems of this illness is excessive thirst and frequent urges to urinate.
- Protein in the Urine: A high quantity of protein in the urine could indicate that your kidneys are damaged and not functioning properly.
- Damaged Blood Vessels: If you have too much glucose in your body, blood flow is restricted, which can produce a variety of symptoms as well as damage to your blood vessels. It goes without saying that diabetics who smoke are at a higher risk.
- Nerve Damage: Diabetes can cause nerve damage, which can make you feel like you're on pins and needles. A damaged nerve can alter your perception of cold, heat, and pain, leaving you exposed to a variety of injuries.
- Dry Mouth: The body loses fluids at a faster pace when blood sugar is uncontrolled and high. This might cause dry mouth and cracked lips, which are common diabetes symptoms.
- Foot Problems: Diabetic patients are more likely to develop calluses, infections, or ulcers on their feet. Nerve damage from high blood sugar and a reduction in circulation to your feet might cause this.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes:
- Lack of exercise
- Unhealthy eating
- Family history
Type 2 Diabetes:
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
Diagnostic Criteria for Diabetes
- Following a 75g oral glucose load, two-hour plasma glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L
- Fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L (126 mg/ dl)
- Know your risk factors and take action
- Stay active
- Eat healthily
- Have regular checkups for early diagnosis
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Take prescribed medicine regularly
- Avoid tobacco and limit alcohol
What Are The Diabetes Concerns?
- Family history
- Age more than 45
- High blood pressure
- Gestational Diabetes
- Physical inactive
How to Reduce Risk Factors?
- Maintain healthy weight
- Eat well
- Be active
- Get screened for Type 2 diabetes each year
- Type 1 diabetes diet
- Weight reduction
- Type 2 diabetes diet
- Oral drugs
Frequently Asked Questions:
Some of the symptoms of diabetes are:
- Frequent urge of urination
- Excessive thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Pins and needles
High blood pressure and diabetes are referred to be "silent killers" since many people have these problems but are unaware of them unless they visit their doctor for regular examinations.
It can happen without warning, and some symptoms are difficult to detect. Type 2 diabetes is a secret epidemic that, if not diagnosed and treated, can lead to catastrophic problems.
Sugar, as it turns out, is a silent murderer. Glucose levels rise and fall as a result of sugar consumption. Mood swings, exhaustion, and headaches can all be symptoms of an unstable blood sugar level. It also causes cravings, which starts the false hunger loop.