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Zoloft

Zoloft

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By Medicover Hospitals / 11 March 2021
Home | Medicine | Zoloft
  • Zoloft (sertraline) is an antidepressant that belongs to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors class of medicines (SSRIs). Sertraline affects brain chemicals that may be out of whack in people suffering from depression, fear, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder are some of the conditions that Zoloft is used to treat (PMDD).
    1. Zoloft Uses
    2. Zoloft side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Missed Dose
    5. Overdose
    6. Storage
    7. Zoloft vs Lexapro
    8. Frequently Asked Questions
    9. Citations

    Zoloft Uses

  • Depression, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), and a serious type of premenstrual syndrome are all conditions that can be treated with this medication. This medication can help you regain interest in daily activities by improving your mood, sleep, appetite, and energy levels. It has been shown to reduce fear, anxiety, intrusive thoughts, and panic attacks. It may also lessen the desire to perform repetitive tasks (compulsions like hand-washing, counting, and checking) that obstruct everyday life. Sertraline is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor that is selective. It functions by assisting in the restoration of the balance of a natural product (serotonin) in the brain.
  • How to take

  • Before you start taking sertraline, read the Medication Guide Inquire with your doctor or pharmacist if you have any concerns.
  • Take this drug orally once a day, in the morning or evening, as advised by your doctor. This drug can be taken with or without food in tablet or liquid form. Taking the capsules with food is the most common method of administration. Fully swallow the capsules.
  • This medication's liquid form must be combined with another liquid before use. Carefully test the dosage with the medication dropper given just before taking. If you use a regular and normal spoon, you might not get the right dosage. Add a half-cup (4 ounces/120 mL) of water, ginger ale, lemon-lime soda, lemonade, or orange juice to the dose. This medication should not be mixed with any other liquids. It's natural and safe for the mixture to appear cloudy. Immediately consume the whole mixture. Make no advance preparations for a supply.
  • If you're taking this medicine for premenstrual problems, your doctor might tell you to take it every day of the month or only for the two weeks leading up to your period.
  • The dose is completely determined by your medical condition and treatment reaction. Your doctor may advise you to begin taking this medication at a low dose and gradually raise it to reduce the risk of side effects. Carefully follow the doctor's orders. To get the most advantages from this drug, take it on a daily basis. Take it at the same time every day to help you remember.
  • Even if you feel fine, keep taking this drug. Do not quit taking this drug without first consulting your doctor. When this medication is abruptly stopped, some conditions can worsen. You can also experience symptoms such as mood swings, headaches, exhaustion, sleep disturbances, and brief electric shock-like sensations. Your doctor may gradually reduce your dose to prevent these symptoms while you are discontinuing this drug's treatment. Notify your doctor right away if you have any new or worsening symptoms.
  • Zoloft Side Effects:

    • Nausea
    • Loss of appetite
    • Diarrhea
    • Indigestion
    • Sleepiness
    • Insomnia
    • Increased sweating
    • Dizziness
    • Drowsiness
    • Tremor
    • Shaking
    • Fatigue
    • Agitation
    • Headache

    Precautions:

  • If you are allergic to sertraline or have some other reactions, alert your doctor or pharmacist before taking it. Inactive ingredients (such as latex used in the medication dropper) may be present in this product, causing allergic reactions or other issues.
  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history, especially if you have a personal or family history of bipolar/manic-depressive disorder, bleeding issues, liver disease, seizure disorder, thyroid disease, or glaucoma (angle-closure type).
  • Sertraline has been linked to a heart rhythm disorder (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can cause serious (rarely fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (including extreme dizziness and fainting) that require immediate medical attention.
  • If you have any medical conditions or are taking other medications that may induce QT prolongation, the risk of QT prolongation may be increased. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about all of your medications and whether you have any of the following conditions before taking sertraline: certain heart complications (heart failure, irregular pulse, QT prolongation on the EKG), and a family history of certain heart problems (QT prolongation on the EKG, sudden cardiac arrest)
  • This medication can cause dizziness or drowsiness. You can get dizzy or sleepy if you consume alcohol or marijuana (cannabis). Do not drive, operate machinery, or engage in any other activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can do so safely. Alcoholic drinks should be avoided.
  • This medication's liquid form includes alcohol. If you have diabetes, alcoholism, or liver disease, you can proceed with caution. When such drugs (such as metronidazole and disulfiram) are mixed with alcohol, they can cause severe side effects. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for advice on how to use this product safely.
  • The drug's side effects, especially bleeding, loss of coordination, and QT prolongation may be more severe in older adults (see above). Falls may be exacerbated by a loss of control. Older adults are also more likely to develop a salt imbalance (hyponatremia), especially if they take water pills(diuretics).
  • Children may be more vulnerable to the drug's side effects, especially appetite loss and weight loss. In children who are taking this medication, keep track of their weight and height.
  • This drug should not be taken during pregnancy. It has the potential to hurt an unborn child. In addition, babies born to mothers who used this medication during the last three months of pregnancy may experience withdrawal symptoms such as feeding/breathing problems, seizures, muscle weakness, or excessive crying. Notify your doctor if you find any of these signs in your newborn.
  • Do not quit taking this drug until the doctor tells you to. Untreated mental/mood disorders (such as depression, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder) can be dangerous. If you're considering a baby, are pregnant, or suspect you may be, talk to your doctor right away about the advantages and risks of taking this drug during pregnancy.
  • This medication is excreted in breast milk. Before you start breastfeeding, talk to your doctor.
  • Missed Dose:

  • If you forget to take any dose, take it as soon as you remember it. If it is already near to the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dosage at regular intervals of time. Do not double the dose.
  • Overdose:

  • If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, seek medical advice. Do not take more.
  • Storage

  • Store Zoloft at room temperature away from sunlight and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications far away from kids. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into drainage.
  • Zoloft vs Lexapro

    Zoloft Lexapro
    Zoloft is an antidepressant that belongs to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors class of medicines (SSRIs). Lexapro is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class.
    Zoloft (sertraline) affects brain chemicals that may be out of whack in people suffering from depression, fear, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Lexapro is a prescription medication for the treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder symptoms. Lexapro may be used alone or in combination with other drugs.
    This medicine is used to treat depression, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and a serious type of premenstrual syndrome. This is used to treat depression and anxiety. It works by restoring the balance of a certain natural substance of the brain.

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    People who take Zoloft also say that their mood, appetite, sleep quality, energy level, and interest in everyday activities have improved. Many people report feeling less fearful or nervous, as well as having fewer panic attacks.
    Your doctor may begin by giving you a low dose and gradually raise it over time. During your first week on Zoloft, you can experience headaches, nausea, and fatigue. For the first week or two, these side effects usually improve.
    It has been shown to reduce fear, anxiety, intrusive thoughts, and panic attacks. It may also lessen the desire to perform repetitive tasks (compulsions like hand-washing, counting, and checking) that obstruct everyday life. Sertraline is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor that works selectively (SSRI).
    The first week after taking Zoloft can show some improvement in depression or anxiety symptoms; however, the full effects of Zoloft may take up to six weeks to manifest.
    Sertraline should be taken once a day. This medicine can be taken with or without food, meals, or milk. Sertraline can be taken at any time as long as you take it at the same time every day. It's best to take it first thing in the morning if you have trouble sleeping.
    When taking Zoloft, stay away from alcohol entirely. Even a single drink can cause unpleasant side effects by interfering with your medicine. Alcohol and Zoloft can have negative side effects, and drinking alcohol can make depression worse.
    While sertraline is commonly linked to weight gain, it can also cause weight loss in the short term by affecting your appetite. For the first few weeks of treatment, this is the most frequent symptom.
    More than 100 million people use SSRIs, such as Prozac and Zoloft, to treat depression, anxiety, and other disorders, but these medications have a common and unexplained side effect: they can make anxiety worse in the first few weeks of use.
    There are three prescription strengths of Zoloft tablets: 25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg. The estimated daily dose of Zoloft is 200 mg (which can be taken as two 100 mg tablets). The most effective dosage of Zoloft, according to most reports, is 50 mg a day.
    Sertraline (Zoloft) may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and actions. Particularly within the first few months of therapy or when the dosage is changed, keep an eye out for new or worsening depression, suicidal thoughts, or actions.

    Citations:

  • Zoloft , https://scripts.iucr.org/cgi-bin/paper?sx1083
  • Zoloft Effects, https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e882/f94524cbca15be30f8c6a7f4b4571881c6b0.pdf