Teicoplanin

teicoplanin

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By Medicover Hospitals / 5 April 2021
Home | Medicine | Teicoplanin

What is Teicoplanin?

  • Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that is made up of five major compounds (teicoplanin A2-1 through A2-5) and four minor compounds (named teicoplanin RS-1 through RS-4). Teicoplanins all have the same glycopeptide core, teicoplanin A3-1, but their side chains attached to their -D-glucosamine moiety differ in length and conformation. It is an antibiotic that is used to prevent and treat Gram-positive bacterial infections, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Enterococcus faecalis.
    1. Teicoplanin Uses
    2. Teicoplanin Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Overdose
    5. Warnings
    6. Storage
    7. Teicoplanin vs Clindamycin
    8. Frequently Asked Questions
    9. Citations

    Teicoplanin Uses:

  • Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections caused by gram-positive bacteria. Because of the increased risk of serious side effects, this medication should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. The medication is used for the treatment of various bacterial infections. It is useful for the treatment of skin & soft tissues, blood, heart, bones and lungs infections. The medication helps in killing bacteria by preventing them from forming the bacterial protective covering that is needed for them to survive.
  • Teicoplanin Side Effects:

  • Some of the common and major side effects of Teicoplanin are:
    • Pain or swelling in the injection site
    • Fever
    • Itching
    • Skin Rash
    • Erythema
    • Dizziness
    • Headache
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Nausea
    • Abscess
  • Teicoplanin can cause some serious side effects and can lead to some serious health problems. If you are facing any of the above serious side effects. Talk with your doctor if you are having any serious problems.
  • Precautions:

  • Before taking Teicoplanin talk with your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications related to it. The medicine will contain some inactive ingredients which can cause some serious allergic reactions or some other serious problems. Before using the drug talk to your doctor if you are having any medical history such as: Kidney disease, liver disease, stomach ulcer or abdominal pain.
  • How to use Teicoplanin?

    • Most patients are given two doses of Teicoplanin, 12 hours apart, on the first day of treatment. The majority of patients will only receive one dose per day.
    • The daily dosage depends on the type of infection and it may vary between 6 mg and 12 mg. If you have a blood infection, you would most likely need to get a regular Targo Teicoplanin cid injection for 2 to 4 weeks. If you have an infection in your bones or joints, you may need to take the drug every day for 3 to 6 weeks.

    Missed Dose:

  • Oral form: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible. If it’s time for the next scheduled dosage, it is best to skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose to compensate for a missed dose.
  • Injection: Since this drug is provided by a trained healthcare professional, the chances of missing a dose are extremely low. Call your doctor right away if you miss a scheduled dose of this drug.
  • Overdose:

  • Oral form: In case of an overdose talk to your doctor immediately.
  • Injection: Since this drug is delivered by a healthcare provider in a hospital, the risk of an overdose is extremely low. If an overdose is suspected, however, the doctor will initiate emergency medical care.
  • Warnings for Some Serious Health Condition

  • Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
  • Pregnant women do not take this medication unless it is absolutely necessary. Before taking this drug, talk to your doctor about all the complications and benefits.
  • If it's not an emergency then the medicine should be avoided. Before taking this drug, talk to your doctor about all the complications and benefits. Based on your health condition, your doctor can advise you to stop breastfeeding or to stop taking your medication.
  • Storage:

  • Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. Exposure to medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.
  • Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).
  • Teicoplanin vs Clindamycin

    Teicoplanin
    Clindamycin
    Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that is made up of five major compounds (teicoplanin A2-1 through A2-5) and four minor compounds (named teicoplanin RS-1 through RS-4). Clindamycin is an antibiotic. It prevents bacteria from growing. It is prescribed by physicians to treat bacterial infections and is available in different forms.
    The medication is used for the treatment of various bacterial infections. It is useful for the treatment of skin & soft tissues, blood, heart, bones and lungs infections. Clindamycin is used to treat acne and is used with other medicines to treat anthrax and malaria.
    Some of the common and major side effects of Teicoplanin are:
    • Pain or swelling in the injection site
    • Fever
    • Itching
    • Skin Rash
    • Erythema
    Clindamycin causes side effects:
    • Nausea
    • Unpleasant taste in the mouth
    • Joint pains
    • Pain when swallowing
    • Heartburn

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    The medication is used for the treatment of various bacterial infections. It is useful for the treatment of skin & soft tissues, blood, heart, bones and lungs infections. The medication helps in killing bacteria by preventing them from forming the bacterial protective covering that is needed for them to survive.
    Teicoplanin is an antibiotic that is used to prevent and treat Gram-positive bacterial infections, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis. It's a semisynthetic glycopeptide antibiotic that works in a similar way to vancomycin.
    Teicoplanin is now the standard of care for most orthopaedic operations, as well as some cardiac, breast, gastrointestinal, vascular, and plastic surgeries. In cases of penicillin allergy, it is often used as a second-line treatment.
    Some of the common and major side effects of Teicoplanin are:
    • Pain or swelling in the injection site
    • Fever
    • Itching
    • Skin Rash
    • Erythema

    Citations:

  • Teicoplanin, https://academic.oup.com/jac/article/51/4/971/745242?login=true
  • Effects of Teicoplanin, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0021967319308805