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Salbutamol

Salbutamol

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By Medicover Hospitals / 28 Dec 2020
Home | Medicine | Salbutamol

What is Salbutamol?

Salbutamol, also referred to as albuterol and sold among other brand names as Ventolin. It is a drug that opens up the lungs' medium and wide fairways. It is a short-acting agonist of the β2 adrenergic receptor that works by inducing smooth muscle airway relaxation. Molar weight: 239.311 g/mol.

  • C13H21NO3 Formula:
  • CAS ID: 18559-94-94 CAS ID:
  • Action onset: <15 min (inhaled), <30 min (inhaled) (pill)
  • Action duration: 2-6 hours
  • Miscellaneous names: Albuterol (USAN US)

    1. Salbutamol uses
    2. Salbutamol side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Interactions
    5. Salbutamol Overdose
    6. Salbutamol Storage
    7. Salbutamol Warnings
    8. Salbutamol vs Ambroxol
    9. Frequently Asked Questions
    10. Citations

    Uses of albuterol sulfate tablets:

    Albuterol (also known as salbutamol) is used to treat respiratory difficulties caused by wheezing and shortness of breath (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Albuterol is in a family of medicines known as bronchodilators. It works by relaxing the muscles around the airways so that you can breathe more freely and they open up. Controlling the symptoms of problems with breathing may minimize the time spent at work or school.

  • This drug is administered orally and does not function immediately. For unexpected attacks of breathing difficulty, it should not be included. A quick-relief inhaler may be recommended by your doctor for sudden shortness of breath/asthma attacks when you are on this drug. Always have with you a quick-relief inhaler. For more info, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
  • How to use the Tablet with Albuterol Sulfate

    Take this drug by mouth, usually 3 or 4 times daily, as instructed by your doctor. The dose is dependent on your medical condition and your treatment reaction. No more than 32 milligrams a day should be taken by adults and children older than 12 years. No more than 24 milligrams a day should be taken by children aged 6 to 12 years.

    To get the most value from it, use this drug occasionally. Take it at the same time of day to help you remember. Do not raise your dosage or take this medicine more often than necessary, as there is an increased risk of severe side effects.

    If your breathing unexpectedly worsens, learn which of your drugs you should use every day and which you should use. If you have worsening cough or shortness of breath, wheezing, increased sputum, worsening peak flow meter readings, increased use of your rapid relief inhaler, or if your rapid relief inhaler does not appear to work well, ask your doctor what to do.

    Salbutamol Side Effects:

    • There may be nervousness, trembling (tremors), headache, or dizziness. Tell your physician or pharmacist immediately if any of these symptoms persist or worsen.
    • Know that this drug has been prescribed by your doctor and he or she has decided that the value is greater than the risk of side effects. There are no significant side effects for many people who take this drug.
    • Your blood pressure can be increased by this drug. On a regular basis, monitor your blood pressure and notify your doctor if the results are high.
    • If you have some severe side effects, including fast/pounding heartbeats, inform your doctor immediately.
    • If you have some unusual but very serious side effects, including chest pain, irregular heartbeat, get medical attention right away.
    • This drug has rarely caused serious (rarely fatal) sudden worsening of problems with breathing/asthma (paradoxical bronchospasm). Get medical attention right away if you experience sudden wheezing.
    • It is unusual to experience a very severe allergic reaction to this drug. However, if you experience any signs of a serious allergic reaction, including rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, difficulty breathing, get medical assistance immediately.
    • It is not a full list of side effects that may be likely. Contact your doctor or pharmacist if you notice other effects not listed above.

    Precautions:

    • Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to albuterol before taking it; or if you have had a severe reaction to similar medicines (such as levalbuterol, metaproterenol, terbutaline); or if you have any other reactions to albuterol. There may be inactive ingredients in this substance that may cause allergic reactions or other problems. For more info, talk to your pharmacist.
    • Inform your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history before taking this drug, in particular: cardiac complications (such as irregular heartbeat, angina, heart attack), high blood pressure, diabetes, seizures.
    • You can get dizzy with this medication. Alcohol or cannabis (cannabis) will make you dizzier. Do not drive, use tools, or do something that involves caution before you can do it safely. To ban alcoholic drinks. If you use marijuana, talk to your doctor (cannabis).
    • Inform your doctor or dentist of all the medications you need before having surgery (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
    • This drug should be used during pregnancy only when it is obviously needed. Discuss with your doctor the risks and advantages.
    • Whether this drug passes into breast milk is unclear. Before breastfeeding, consult the doctor.

    Salbutamol Interactions:

    Drug interactions can affect the working of your drugs or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all potential drug interactions are included in this paper. Keep a list and share it with your doctor and pharmacist of all the medications you use (including prescription/nonprescription medicines and herbal products). Without your doctor's permission, do not start, stop, or adjust the dosage of any medication.

    Overdose:

    If overdosed, this drug can be harmful. When someone has taken an overdose some extreme signs such as passing out or respiratory problems can occur.

    Note:

    • Do not share the drug with anyone
    • In order to monitor the progress or check for side effects, laboratory and/or medical tests (such as a lung/breathing test, blood pressure) should be conducted regularly. For more info, contact your doctor.
    • Ignore allergens/irritants which can make breathing problems worse, such as smoke, pollen, pet dander, dust, or molds.
    • Learn to use a peak flow meter, use it every day, and record worsening breathing symptoms promptly (such as yellow/red range readings, increased use of rapid-relief inhalers).
    • Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you can get a yearly flu shot.

    Missing Dose:

    If you are using this product on a daily basis and forget a dose, take it as soon as you recall it. If it is near the next dose, don’t take the skipped dose. Using the next dose on a regular basis. Do Not double the dose to recover the missed or forgotten dose.

    Storage:

    Store this medication at room temperature only and try to keep away from moisture, heat, and light. Do not freeze it. Do not store it in the toilet.

    Do not flush the drug in the sink or dump it into the sink unless told to do. Disposal of this product is necessarily important when it has expired or is no longer required to you. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more information and guidance about how to safely dispose of your product.

    Salbutamol Warnings:

    • Bronchodilators in patients with serious or unstable asthma should not be the only or the primary treatment. As patients are at risk of serious attacks and even death, severe asthma requires a routine medical examination, including lung function monitoring. In these patients, physicians should consider the use of oral corticosteroid therapy and/or the maximum recommended inhaled corticosteroid dose.
    • If treatment with 2 mg/5 ml oral solution with Salbutamol becomes less effective, patients should seek medical advice.
    • Only upon medical advice should the dose or frequency of administration be increased.
    • In order to alleviate symptoms, patients receiving Salbutamol 2 mg/5 ml oral solution may also be given short-acting inhaled bronchodilators.
    • Patients should be advised that they should not raise the dosage or the pace of administration if either the normal relief is decreased or the usual period of action is decreased but should seek medical advice.
    • Severe asthma exacerbations must be managed in the normal way.
    • The use of anesthetic agents such as chloroform, cyclopropane, halothane, and other halogenated agents should be used with caution.

    Salbutamol vs Ambroxol:

    Salbutamol
    Ambroxol
    Molar mass: 239.311 g/mol Molar mass: 378.1028 g/mol
    Formula: C13H21NO3 Formula: C13H18Br2N2O
    It is a medication that helps in opening up of the medium and large airways in the lungs It is used in the treatment of respiratory diseases
    It is also known as albuterol It is also know as Ambroxol hydrochloride, mucolytic medication

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Salbutamol is used to alleviate symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and feeling breathless due to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This works by relaxing the airway muscles in the lungs, making it easier to breathe.
    This works by relaxing the airway muscles in the lungs, making it easier to breathe. How long would it take for Salbutamol to work? It works almost instantly when you get a puff of your salbutamol inhaler to make your breathing easier. It will continue to operate for about 5 hours.
    No, steroids are not found in Ventolin (albuterol). Ventolin, which contains the active ingredient albuterol, is a bronchodilator sympathomimetic (beta agonist) that relaxes the smooth muscle in the airways, allowing air to flow more freely in and out of the lungs, making it very easier to breathe
    • Headache
    • Feeling nervous, restless, excitable, and/or shaky
    • Fast, slow or uneven heartbeat
    • Bad taste in the mouth
    • Dry mouth
    • Sore throat and cough
    • Inability to sleep

    Citations:

  • Salbutamol, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-198938010-00004
  • Salbutamol for Treatment, https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/71/1/13