Home | Articles | Varicose Veins

By Dr. Sibasankar Dalai

Sr. Consultant Neuro Vascular Intervention
Published on: 23 Sep 2021

Article Context:

  1. Varicose Veins
  2. Varicose Veins Symptoms
  3. Varicose Veins Causes
  4. Varicose Veins Treatments
  5. Risk Factors
  6. Preventions
  7. Faqs

What Are Varicose Veins?

  • Varicose veins are enlarged, swollen, and distorted, often blue or dark purple. They occur when defective valves in the veins allow blood to flow or pool in the wrong direction. Varicose veins are believed to affect more than 23 percent of all adults.
  • Varicose Veins

    Varicose Veins Symptoms

    • Highly noticeable, misshapen veins are the main signs of varicose veins, usually on your legs. You can also have stiffness, swelling, weightiness, and discomfort around or around the swollen veins.
    • You may experience swelling and discoloration in some cases. The veins can bleed substantially in extreme cases, and ulcers can form.
    • In color, veins that are dark purple or blue
    • Twisted and bulging veins; they are also like cords on your thighs,
    • A tight or achy sensation in your legs
    • In your lower legs, burning, throbbing, muscle cramping, and swelling
    • Worsened discomfort after a long period of sitting or standing
    • Itching along with one of your veins or more
    • Change in the color of the skin around a varicose vein
    • Varicose veins are similar to spider veins, but they are narrower. Closer to the surface of the skin, spider veins are located and are mostly red or blue.
    • On the legs, spider veins occur, but can also be located on the face. They differ in size and also look like the web of a spider.

    Varicose Veins Causes

  • When veins are not working properly, varicose veins occur. Veins have one-way valves that prevent the backward flow of blood. Instead of continuing into your heart, blood starts to pool in the veins as these valves fail. And the veins enlarge. Sometimes, varicose veins damage the legs. There are the veins the farthest from your heart, and gravity makes it more difficult for the blood to flow upwards. For varicose veins, some possible causes include:
    • Menopause
    • Pregnancy
    • Obesity
    • Age over 50
    • Standing for long periods
    • Family history of varicose veins

    Varicose Veins Treatments

    Lifestyle Changes

  • The following improvements can help prevent the formation or worsening of varicose veins:
    • For long periods, stop standing.
    • Lose weight or maintain a safe weight.
    • To boost circulation, work out.
    • Use socks or stockings with compression.
  • You should take these measures to avoid new varicose veins if you already have varicose veins. Whenever you are resting or sleeping, you can also lift your legs.
  • Compression

  • You may be recommended to wear special compression socks or stockings by your doctor. These put enough pressure on your legs so that blood can flow to your heart more easily. They often minimize swelling. Compression levels differ, but most forms of compression stockings are available.
  • Surgery

  • Your doctor may try an invasive procedure if lifestyle changes are not working, or if your varicose veins are causing a lot of pain or harming your overall health. A surgical treatment that involves anesthesia is vein ligation and stripping. Your surgeon makes cuts on the skin throughout the operation, cuts the varicose vein, and removes it through the incisions. While updated versions of vein-stripping surgeries have been developed, since newer, less invasive alternatives are available, they are less frequently carried out.
  • Other ways

  • A broad range of minimally invasive treatment options for varicose veins is currently available. They include:
    • Sclerotherapy, using a chemical injection of liquid or foam to block a larger vein from
    • Using liquid chemical injection to block smaller veins, micro sclerotherapy
    • Laser surgery, which uses light energy to block a vein from
    • Using heat and radiofrequency waves to block a vein, endovenous ablation therapy.
    • Endoscopic vein surgery with a small light scope inserted through a small incision to obstruct the vein Before selecting a procedure.
    • You should always speak to your doctor about your care options and the risks. The recommended technique will depend on your symptoms, size, and location of varicose.

    Book an appointment with our Top Vascular Surgeon

    Varicose Veins Preventions

  • There's no way to avoid varicose veins entirely. But it can reduce the chance of forming varicose veins or having extra ones by improving your circulation and muscle tone. These same steps are important and you should take to treat varicose vein pain at home can help you to avoid the varicose veins which are.
    • Doing workout
    • Observing your weight
    • Eating a low-salt, high-fiber diet
    • The avoidance of high heels or any uncomfortable sandals and tight trousers
    • Uplifting your legs
    • Regularly modifying your sitting or standing position

    Risk Factors

  • Age: With age, the risk of varicose veins increases. Aging in your veins induces wear and tear on the valves that help control the flow of blood. Ultimately, the wear causes the valves to allow some blood to flow back into the veins where it pools instead of flowing to the heart.
  • Sex: Women have a higher risk of developing the disorder. As female hormones appear to relax vein walls, hormonal changes during pregnancy, pre-menstruation or menopause can be a factor. Your risk of varicose veins can be increased by hormone therapies, such as birth control pills.
  • For Pregnancy: The amount of blood in your body increases during pregnancy. The developing fetus is helped by this move, but it can also cause an unfortunate side effect: swollen veins in your legs. A function can also be played by hormonal shifts during pregnancy.
  • History of Families: If there are varicose veins in other family members, there is a greater risk that you will, too.
    • Being overweight places extra strain on your veins.
    • Standing for long periods, or sitting. When you're in the same place for long stretches, the blood doesn't flow as well.


    Vermin Ulcers

  • Near varicose veins, particularly near the ankles, painful ulcers can form on the skin. Typically, a discolored patch on the skin starts before an ulcer emerges. If you think you have developed an ulcer, see your doctor immediately.
  • Blood Clots

  • Veins deep inside the legs are sometimes widened. The affected leg can become painful and swell in such cases. Any recurrent leg pain or swelling requires medical attention since a blood clot, a condition medically known as thrombophlebitis, may be indicated.
  • Hemorrhages

  • Veins very close to the skin can burst occasionally. Normally, this causes only mild bleeding. But medical attention is needed for any bleeding.

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    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Poor vein walls and valves normally cause varicose veins. There are tiny one-way valves within your veins that open to allow the blood in, and then close to keep it from flowing backward. The walls of the veins are often stretched and lose their elasticity, which allows the valves to weaken.

    The resulting twisted blue bulges, referred to as varicose veins, can make your legs feel thick, exhausted, or achy and make you feel self-conscious about their unsightly appearance, but they are not a big threat to your health.

    • Carbohydrates Processed
    • The Sugar Added
    • Processed foods
    • Alcohol
    • Frozen Goods
    • Salty Foods

    Small lifestyle changes can work well for varicose veins, and walking is a perfect way to make those veins less visible and less painful. Varicose veins are caused by the failure of a vein to pump blood upwards properly through your body.

    Most of the time, about 3 to 4 months after the birth of a boy, varicose veins go down. During birth, wearing compression tights and such will help speed up the process while still covering them up.

    Regular workout. For your stage of pregnancy, remain within the recommended weight range. Whenever possible, elevate your feet and legs to your heart level or above. When seated, do not cross your legs or ankles. For long periods, don't sit or stand.