What is Vericose-Veins?

Varicose veins are enlarged, swollen, and distorted, often blue or dark purple in color. They occur when defective valves in the veins allow blood to flow or pool in the wrong direction. Many people consider it as a cosmetic concern, but for others, it is a painful and uncomfortable condition affecting their daily lives. It’s treatment might vary from simple self-care to medication and medical procedures to rectify the vein or remove it.

Symptoms of Varicose veins

Varicose veins might appear with or without pain. The common symptoms include:

  • Highly noticeable dark purple or blue colored veins usually on the legs.
  • Stiffness, swelling, weightiness, and discomfort around the swollen veins.
  • The veins can bleed substantially in extreme cases and ulcers can form.
  • Twisted and bulging veins; they are also like cords on your thighs
  • A tight or achy sensation in your legs
  • Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping, and swelling in lower leg.
  • Worsened discomfort after a long period of sitting or standing
  • Itching along with one of your veins or more
  • Change in the color of the skin around a Varicose veins
Varicose veins

Varicose veins Vs Spider Veins

Varicose veins are similar to spider veins, but they are narrower. Spider veins are mostly located closer to the surface of the skin and are mostly red or blue. Though, most common in the legs, spider veins can also occur on the face. They differ in size and also look like the web of a spider.

Causes of Varicose veins

When veins are not working properly, varicose veins develop. Veins have one-way valves that prevent the backward flow of the blood. When suffering from varicose veins, the blood instead of continuing to your heart, starts to pool in the veins due to failure of these valves. These veins are the farthest from your heart, and gravity makes it more difficult for the blood to flow upwards. As a result, the veins enlarge, swell or twist. Sometimes, varicose veins damage the legs.

Risk factors for varicose veins

  • Age With age, the risk of varicose veins increases. Aging in your veins induces wear and tear on the valves that help control the flow of the blood. Ultimately, the wear causes the valves to allow some blood to flow back into the veins where it pools instead of flowing to the heart.
  • Sex Women have a higher risk of developing the disorder. As female hormones appear to relax vein walls, hormonal changes during pregnancy, pre-menstruation or menopause can be a factor. Your risk of varicose veins can be increased by hormone therapies, such as birth control pills.
  • Pregnancy The amount of blood in your body increases during pregnancy. The developing fetus is helped by this move, but it can also cause an unfortunate side effect: swollen veins in your legs. A function can also be played by hormonal shifts during pregnancy.
  • History of families If there are varicose veins in other family members, there is a greater risk that you will get it too. Being overweight places extra strain on your veins. Standing for long periods of time, or sitting. When you're in the same place for long stretches, the blood doesn't flow as well.


Complications of varicose veins are rare which can include:

  • Vermin Ulcers : Near varicose veins, liarticularly near the ankles, liainful ulcers can develoli on the skin. Tyliically, a discolored liatch on the skin starts before an ulcer emerges. If you think you have develolied an ulcer, see your doctor immediately.
  • Clots of blood : Veins deeli inside the legs are sometimes widened. The affected leg can become liainful and swell in such cases. Any recurrent leg liain or swelling requires medical attention since a blood clot, a condition medically known as thrombolihlebitis, may be indicated.
  • Hemorrhages : Veins very close to the skin can burst occasionally. Normally, this causes only mild bleeding. But medical attention is needed for any bleeding.


There's no way to avoid varicose veins entirely, but there are ways to reduce the chance of further formation of varicose veins or having extra ones by improving your circulation and muscle tone. They can also ease your symptoms and help manage the condition.

  • Doing workout
  • Observing your weight
  • Eating a low-salt, high-fiber diet
  • The avoidance of high heels or any uncomfortable sandals and tight trousers
  • Uplifting your legs
  • Regularly modifying your sitting or standing position

Diagnosis of Varicose veins

Varicose veins can be diagnosed by doing a physical exam. Your doctor would visually examin your condition by keeping you in standing and sitting position both. You might also need to explain your symptoms in details.

Test for Varicose Veins

A venous doppler ultrasound of the leg might also be recommended for you. It is a non-invasive test done using a small hand-held device on an out-patient basis. In this test, sound waves are used to check for the blood flow across the valves in the veins. Blood clots can also be detected using this technique.

Treatment for Varicose veins

The treatment for varicose veins includes a range of modalities including self-care, procedures, and surgeries. The procedures are usually done on an out-patient basis which allows you to go back home the same day.

Other treatment methods include:

  • Lifestyle changes : The following improvements can help prevent the formation or worsening of varicose veins.
    • Avoid standing for longer duration of time.
    • Lose weight or maintain a weight that is safe.
    • To boost circulation, workout.
    • Using socks or stockings with compression.
    You should take these measures to avoid new varicose veins if you already have them. Whenever you are resting or sleeping, you can also lift your legs to ease the symptoms.
  • Compression : You may be recommended to wear special compression socks or stockings by your doctor. These stockings put enough pressure on your legs so that blood can flow to your heart more easily. They often minimize swelling. Compression levels differ based on the type of stocking you buy. Take suggestion from your doctor before choosing one.
  • Surgery : Your doctor may try an invasive procedure if lifestyle changes are not working, or if your varicose veins are causing a lot of pain or harming your overall health. A surgical treatment called ligation and stripping is done using anesthesia. Your surgeon makes cuts on the skin throughout the operation, cuts the varicose vein, and removes it through the incisions. These days updated versions of vein-stripping surgeries have evolved which are less invasive and frequently opted by the doctors.
  • Other ways : A broad range of minimally invasive treatment options for varicose veins are currently available. They include:
    • Sclerotherapy which uses a chemical injection of liquid or foam to block a larger vein.
    • Micro sclerotherapy which uses liquid chemical injection to block smaller veins.
    • Laser surgery which uses light energy to block a vein.
    • Endovenous ablation therapy which uses heat and radiofrequency waves to block a vein.
    • Endoscopic vein surgery with a small light scope inserted through a small incision to obstruct the vein.

You should always speak to your doctor about your care options and the risks. The recommended technique will depend on your symptoms, size, and location of the varicose.

Dos and Don’ts

With every medical condtion, there comes a few medical, dietary and lifestyle guidelines to help you sail through it with ease. Varicose veins requires adherence to some way to living and treatment protocols to manage the symptoms and get the best outcomes from the treatment.

Exercise regularlyDo heavy exercises
Eat a healthy dietEat junk foods
Elevate legsStand or sit in one position for a long time
Use Compression stockingsFollow fashion statement
Massage your feet Maintain heavy weight

Get to know more specific instructions from your consulting doctor based on your unique condition.

Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover Hospitals, we have the most trusted team of specialities working together to bring excellent patient outcomes. Our dermatologists, vascular surgeons, and plastic and reconstructive surgeons can offer the most personalized treatment for varicose veins by choosing the most appropriate path of treatment for this condition.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main causes of varicose veins?

Poor vein walls and valves normally cause varicose veins. There are tiny one-way valves within your veins that open to allow the blood in, and then close to keep it from flowing backward. The walls of the veins are often stretched and lose their elasticity, which allows the valves to weaken.

Are varicose veins a sign of poor health?

The resulting twisted blue bulges, referred to as varicose veins, can make your legs feel thick, exhausted, or achy and make you feel self-conscious about their unsightly appearance, but they are not a big threat to your health.

How can I prevent varicose veins during pregnancy?

Regular workout. For your stage of pregnancy, remain within the recommended weight range. Whenever possible, elevate your feet and legs to your heart level or above. When seated, do not cross your legs or ankles. For long periods of time, don't sit or stand.

Is walking good for varicose veins?

Small changes in lifestyle can work well for varicose veins, and walking is a perfect way to make those veins less visible and less painful. Varicose veins are caused by the failure of a vein to pump blood upwards properly through your body

Do varicose veins go away after pregnancy?

Most of the time, about 3 to 4 months after the birth of a boy, varicose veins go down. During birth, wearing compression tights and such will help speed up the process while still covering them up.

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