Radiation Oncology

Once diagnosed with Cancer, it becomes important to destroy the multiplying cancer cells before they spread to other body parts. Radiation Oncology or Radiotherapy is a medical specialty that deals with damaging these cancer cells & tumors with high-energy Ionizing radiation such as X-rays, gamma rays, protons, neutrons & carbon ions. Radiotherapy is given alone or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy for treating various types of cancers.

The high Precision Radiation Oncology provided by Medicover Hospitals is aided by innovative techniques and standard protocols to bring high-satisfying results.

What Is Radiation therapy?

Radiation Therapy is a commonly used modality of cancer treatment in which the cancer cells are killed by damaging the DNA. It uses high-energy waves delivered by a linear accelerator. It may be used by your doctor to kill malignant cells or to shrink tumors before performing surgery or chemotherapy for more effective results.

Radiation therapy can be recommended based on the type and stage of your cancer.

We provide Radiation Therapy for cancers including:

  • Breast cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Colon and rectal Cancer
  • Gynecologic Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Lung Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Bowel Cancer
  • Uterine Cancer
  • Skin cancers

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Radiation Oncology Procedures


Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a type of advanced radiation therapy to treat cancer and noncancerous tumors. IMRT uses technology to shape photon and proton radiation beams to conform to the shape of a tumor.


Image-guided RapidArc radiotherapy is a type of radiation therapy in which imaging techniques are used during each radiotherapy session to make the treatment more precise and accurate.

IG-Rapid Arc

Image-Guided Rapid Arc is a technology that provides an extremely fast and accurate form of image-guided, intensity-modulated radiation therapy. It conforms closely to the 3D shape of your tumor.


Surface Guided Radiation Therapy (SGRT) is a technology used to improve radiation treatment accuracy. SGRT is used to treat nearly every type of cancer.


Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiosurgery is a technique for delivering highly focused doses of radiation to a very small area of the body.


Total body Irradiation is when radiation is delivered in such a way that it covers the entire body.


Turbo-spin-echo (TSE) imaging is a quick technique that provides true spin-echo contrast in significantly less time.


Brachytherapy, also known as internal radiation therapy, involves the placement of radioactive material directly inside or near the tumor. It is the treatment that only treats a specific area of your body.

Functional Radiosurgery Gating

Respiratory gating is a technique that uses advanced technology to direct radiation delivery as a patient breathes. It is done when a tumor is in an area that is in motion naturally, such as the lungs, chest, or abdomen.

Care after radiation treatment

After the radiation therapy, make sure to take enough rest, eat healthy and stay hydrated.

The majority of radiation therapy patients require ongoing care for the rest of their lives. After the treatment is completed, one has to go for regular check-ups with the radiation oncologist.

During the check-ups, the doctor will examine to see how well the radiation is working and would monitor the status of cancer cells.

The doctor will also discuss any side effects or late effects that might occur.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the radiation therapy cost in India?

The cost can range between Rs 50,000 to 20,00,000. It might depend on certain factors such as the condition of the patient. However, the radiation therapy cost per session in India varies from city to city and hospital to hospital.

2. Is Radiation Therapy done for all stages of cancer?

Radiotherapy can be used either in the early stages of cancer or after it has spread. It can be used to: try to cure cancer completely (curative radiotherapy); make other treatments more effective (for example, it can be combined with chemotherapy or used before surgery); or make other treatments more effective (for example, it can be combined with chemotherapy or used before surgery).

3. Can radiation therapy cure cancer?

Radiation therapy has the potential to cure cancer, prevent it from returning, and stop or slow its progression.

4. For which type of cancer, radiation therapy can help?

Radiation therapy can be helpful in treating head and neck cancer, breast cancer, cervix cancer, prostate cancer, eye cancer, and other types of cancers as well based on the stage of the cancer .

5. Is radiation therapy safe for children?

In children (under the age of 3) radiation can cause damage to normal brain tissue, which can result in some side effects. Side effects like irritation and tiredness might be there for a short period of time after the treatment.

6. What are the side effects of radiation therapy?

There are some radiation therapy side effects It is important to notify the doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Continuous pain
  • Any new bumps
  • Swelling
  • Rashes
  • Bruises
  • Bleeding
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Weight loss
  • Fever, cough, or sore throat

7. How is radiation therapy done?

Radiation is done with the help of a large machine. The patient will be asked to lie on the table and the machine will move around to send radiation beams to the body. A linear accelerator (machine) will direct high-energy radiation beams into the body.

8. Is radiation therapy painful?

No, radiation does not cause pain, stinging, or burning while it is administered. Throughout the treatment, you will hear a clicking or buzzing sound. However, the side effects of radiation therapy can cause pain and discomfort.

9. Can radiation therapy help in the last stage of cancer?

Radiotherapy can be used in the early stages of cancer. It does not immediately kill cancer cells. It can take days or weeks of treatment to damage enough DNA for cancer cells to die. The cancer cells then continue to die for weeks or months after the radiation therapy.

10. Can pregnant women take radiation therapy?

No, it should not be done during pregnancy. High doses of radiation can be harmful to the baby and could result in miscarriage, birth defects, slowed fetal growth, or an increased risk of childhood cancer.