An abnormal connection between organs is known as Fistula. It is developed between an intestine and the skin, or vagina and rectum. Fistulas are most commonly found near the anus. Also, it can develop due to Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, tuberculosis and irritable bowel syndrome.
A fistulotomy is a surgical procedure used to treat a fistula. The main purpose of this treatment is to get the puss out of small openings that have grown between the anal skin and at the end of the anus. The surgical technique will assist the patient in quickly closing and healing sores caused by previous damage, infection, or inflammation in the anus.
For Fistula treatment, patients seek the expert advice of gynaecologists, urogynecologists, or colorectal surgeons. After a fistula diagnosis, a medical specialist will determine the appropriate treatment approach based on the location, size, and condition of the fistula. Controlling symptoms with a catheter could be one therapy option. Surgery may be required for more serious fistula healing.
There is a saying that "No Pain, No Gain," but with advanced medical technology this has been replaced by "Less Pain, More Gain." Fistula treatment without surgery is possible and it can be done with little to no pain.
Doctors mainly use the Laser Treatment for Fistula. It’s a high-powered laser beam used to dissolve and eliminate the fistula.
Don't delay laser treatment, if you are suffering from:
Extreme Pain while sitting
Excessive Bleeding in stool
Discharge of blood or pus from the anus
Why should you get treated for Fistula early?
To avoid bacterial infection
To prevent abscess formation
To decrease the risk of sepsis
How to identify the right treatment for Fistula?
Before the treatment, the doctor will examine the symptoms and advise for a physical examination. In the case of anal-rectal fistulas, the doctor may use a sigmoidoscope to examine the inside of the fistula. This will aid the doctor in determining the fistula's exact location and aetiology. Surgery may not be necessary if the doctor determines that the fistula is caused due to Crohn's disease. Instead of surgery, you might be able to manage the fistula with medication or laser treatment.
When to visit a Doctor?
Talk to your doctor, if you experience persistent symptoms of a fistula. They'll ask about the symptoms as well as any digestive issues you may have. If your doctor suspects you have a fistula, they can refer you to a colorectal surgeon for additional testing to confirm the diagnosis and establish the best treatment option.
If the anus or rectum are involved, the fistula may recur after the treatment, and you may experience incontinence as a consequence
This technique may or may not be the best treatment for you, depending on the cause of the fistula. To assist the doctor make an informed diagnosis and treatment plan, so share all the symptoms and medical history with them.
Now-a-days, Hospitals are more prominent about the treatment. They understand the troubles a patient have to go through and make sure they provide them with the best laser treatment.