National Immunization Day 2023: Promoting Vaccination and Saving Lives

National Immunization Day 2023: Promoting Vaccination and Saving Lives

We have accomplished significant strides in managing and eliminating dangerous infectious diseases because of the effectiveness of immunization, making it critical to commemorate National Immunization Day to continue this progress and ensure a healthy future for everyone.

National Immunization Day (NID) is marked on March 16 every year. This year 2023, the theme of the event is to promote vaccination and raise awareness about the crucial role of immunization in preventing infectious diseases. The day highlights the importance of vaccination in safeguarding public health.

On this day in 1995, the first dose of the oral polio vaccine was administered in India, marking a key milestone in the fight against polio. Vaccination remains the most effective method of prevention against highly contagious diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) designates multiple NIDs throughout the year to combat deadly diseases like polio, measles, and tetanus and ultimately eradicate them.

Immunization: a proven tool for preventing controlling and eliminating life-threatening infectious diseases!

Vaccination is crucial for improving public health and life expectancy standards and increasing social and economic effects at the local and national levels. The core objective of NID is to vaccinate as many individuals as possible against specified diseases in a short period of time.

NID campaigns are crucial in reducing the number of cases of fatal diseases such as polio. Vaccines also help eradicate pandemics such as COVID-19, which has infected millions of individuals over the past two years. On World Immunization Day, it is vital to educate people about the importance of getting vaccinated.

Benefits of vaccination and how it helps to protect vulnerable populations

Vaccination offers massive benefits to individuals and communities, especially vulnerable groups such as young children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems. Vaccination protects vulnerable groups in the following ways:

Prevents the spread of infectious diseases

Vaccination is the most effective method for infection prevention, such as polio, measles, and COVID-19. Those who receive a vaccine develop immunity to the disease, making it less likely that they will contract and spread the illness to others.
Vaccines protect individuals from severe conditions and the possible long-term consequences of contracting an infectious disease. HERD IMMUNITY- When a sufficient number of people in a community have been immunized, herd immunity is established, making it more difficult for the infection to spread, ultimately protecting the community from the risk of an outbreak.

Reduces the burden of disease

Vaccines have been instrumental in reducing the incidence of many infectious diseases like polio, smallpox, influenza etc, resulting in fewer hospitalizations, medical interventions, and less economic burden associated with treating and managing the disease.

Decreased healthcare costs associated with treating infectious diseases

The financial impact of infectious disease treatment can be high for individuals and healthcare systems. Vaccination lowers the expense of treating and managing infectious diseases by avoiding the spread of these diseases.

Promotes herd immunity within communities, protecting those unable to receive vaccines

When a mass number of people in a community are immunized, herd immunity develops, making it more difficult for the disease to spread. This protects those vaccinated and those who cannot receive vaccines for medical reasons, such as infants or individuals with weakened immune systems.

The importance of National Immunization Day!

National Immunization Day (NID) is an essential day for promoting vaccination and raising awareness about the value of immunization. Know the main reasons why NID is important:

  • Eradicating deadly diseases
  • Reaching vulnerable populations
  • Promoting vaccine awareness
  • Strengthening healthcare systems
  • Saving lives

Importance of continued vaccination efforts to sustain the gains made through NID campaigns!

Continued vaccination efforts are critical to sustaining the gains made through National Immunization Day (NID) campaigns. While NID campaigns can provide an essential boost to vaccination coverage in the short term, sustained efforts are needed to maintain high levels of coverage and prevent disease outbreaks over the long term. Know the key reasons why continued vaccination efforts are essential:

  • Preventing disease outbreaks
  • Protecting vulnerable populations
  • Maintaining herd immunity
  • Improving public health outcomes
  • Responding to emerging threats


National Immunization Day campaigns are a key instrument in the battle against infectious diseases; long-term efforts are required to maintain high immunization coverage levels and prevent disease outbreaks. Vaccination initiatives must be maintained, including routine immunization programs and catch-up campaigns for marginalized people, to ensure that communities remain healthy and resilient.

Get a Vaccine Shot, Be Safe!

National Immunization Schedule (NIS) for Infants, Children and Pregnant Women

VaccineWhen to giveDoseRouteSite
For Pregnant Women
TT-1Early in pregnancy0.5 mlIntra-muscularUpper Arm
TT-24 weeks after TT-1*0.5 mlIntra-muscularUpper Arm
TT- BoosterIf received 2 TT doses in a pregnancy within the last 3 yrs*0.5 mlIntra-muscularUpper Arm
For Infants
BCGAt birth or as early as possible till one year of age0.1ml (0.05ml until 1 month age)Intra-dermalLeft Upper Arm
Hepatitis B - Birth doseAt birth or as early as possible within 24 hours0.5 mlIntra-muscularAntero-lateral side of mid-thigh
OPV-0At birth or as early as possible within the first 15 days2 dropsOralOral
OPV 1, 2 & 3At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks (OPV can be given till 5 years of age)2 dropsOralOral
Pentavalent1, 2 & 3At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks (can be given till one year of age)0.5 mlIntra-muscular
Rotavirus#At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks(can be given till one year of age)5 dropsOralOral
IPVTwo fractional dose at 6 and 14 weeks of age0.1 mlIntradermal two fractional doseIntra-dermal: Right upper arm
Measles /MR 1st Dose$9 completed months-12 months.(can be given till 5 years of age)0.5 mlSub-cutaneousRight upper Arm
JE - 1**9 completed months-12 months.0.5 mlSub-cutaneousLeft upper Arm
Vitamin A(1st dose)At 9 completed months with measles-Rubella1ml (1 lakh IU)Oral
For Children
DPT booster-116-24 months0.5 mlIntra-muscularAntero-lateral side of mid-thigh
Measles/ MR 2nd dose $16-24 months0.5 mlSub-cutaneousRight upper Arm
OPV Booster16-24 months2 dropsOralOral
JE-216-24 months0.5 mlSub-cutaneousLeft Upper Arm
Vitamin A***(2nd to 9th dose)16-18 months. Then one dose every 6months up to the age of 5 years.2ml (2 lakh IU)OralOral
DPT Booster-25-6 years0.5 ml.Intra-muscularUpper Arm
TT10 years & 16 years0.5 mlIntra-muscularUpper Arm

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