Home | Articles | Myocardial Infarction

By Dr B S Praveen Kumar
Consultant Interventional Cardiologist
Published on 11/07/2022

A myocardial infarction (heart attack) is a highly dangerous disorder caused by a shortage of blood supply to the heart muscle. A blockage in one or more of your heart's arteries can cause a shortage of blood flow for a variety of reasons. The affected cardiac muscle will start to deteriorate without blood flow.

If blood flow is not restored quickly, a heart attack can cause lifelong cardiac damage and even death.

A heart attack is a life-threatening emergency!

A delay of even a few minutes in treating a heart attack may prove to be fatal.


Can I prevent having a heart attack?

Many things can be done to prevent a heart attack. However, in some cases, especially for patients with a family history of cardiac issues, the situation can go beyond our control and result in a heart attack despite our best efforts.

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How can I reduce my risk of having a heart attack?

A heart-healthy lifestyle can help you avoid heart diseases. Here are some tips that can help you protect your heart:

  • Schedule a checkup:

    Have a full-body health checkup at least once a year. Many of the early warning symptoms of heart disease, including some that you cannot feel, can be detected at an annual checkup. These include sugar levels, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and other factors.
  • Don't smoke or use tobacco:

    Quitting smoking or using tobacco is one of the best things you can do for your heart. Even if you don't smoke, avoid situations where you may end up smoking passively.
  • Exercise regularly:

    Set a weekly goal of 20 to 30 minutes of moderately vigorous exercise.
  • Eat a healthy diet:

    A nutritious diet can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, lower blood pressure and cholesterol, and protect the heart. A heart-healthy diet includes vegetables and fruits, low-fat or fat-free dairy foods, beans, whole grains, lean meats, fish, as well as healthy fats, such as olive oil. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan and the Mediterranean diet are two examples of heart-healthy diets.
  • Maintain a healthy weight:

    Being overweight can lead to many health complications, like increased chances of developing heart diseases, including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.
  • Manage your existing health conditions:

    This includes diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and high blood pressure.
  • Reduce your stress:

    Yoga, deep breathing, and meditation are all techniques that can help you improve your health.
  • Get good quality sleep:

    Individuals who do not get enough sleep, are more likely to become obese or suffer from high blood pressure, heart attacks, diabetes, or even depression.
  • Maintain all of your medical appointments:

    Consulting your doctor on a regular basis can help you detect heart problems or other medical conditions you are possibly unaware of. This will help you promptly address these problems and prevent your health from worsening.

To avoid serious heart damage, a blocked artery requires immediate treatment. It is best to have your symptoms examined at the earliest. Saving time means saving heart muscle, which means you have a better chance of a successful outcome.

Book an appointment with our expert cardiologist!

We have the most experienced cardiologists to treat this chronic condition.


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